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This is a text-only version of the document "Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA)". To see the original version of the document click here.
PUBLIC LAW 95-87 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

An unofficial OSM compilation of P.L. 95-87 and all revisions through December 31, 1993

PREFACE This document contains Public Law 95-87, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), passed August 3, 1977, and all revisions through December 31, 1993. The text has been proofed against the original 1977 printed version of the Act (typographical errors in the Act were removed). All amending language has been incorporated into the Text, with reference to the amending Act following each revised section or subsection. The actual language and complete citation of all Acts affecting SMCRA are considered as amendments for the purposes of this publication irrespective of whether they are designated as amendments in the U.S. Code. Care has been taken to ensure the corrections of the text and revisions. However, users of this com pilation should be awa re when citing the A ct that the U. S. Code is the only official source. Questions about this docum ent should be directed to the B ranch of State Progra ms, Division of Regulatory Programs, Washington, D.C. 20240 (202-208-5361).

CONTENTS TITLE I - STATEMENT OF FINDINGS AND POLICY Section Page

101. Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 102. Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 TITLE II - OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT 201. Creation of the Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 TITLE III - STATE MINING AND MINERAL RESOURCES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTES [Note: As of 1984, Title III is no longer part of SMCRA but a related Act, the Mining and Mineral Institute Act of 1984.] 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. 306. 307. 308. 309. 310. *. Authorization of State allotments to institutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Research funds to institutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Fund ing criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Duties of the Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Autonomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Miscellaneous provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Center for cataloging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Interagency cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Eligibility c riteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Strategic Resources Generic Mineral Technology Center . . . . . . . . 15

*Specific cite was not designated in the Strategic and Critical Minerals Act of 1990. TITLE IV - ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION 401. Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and 402. Reclamation fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403. Objectives of fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404. Eligible lands and water . . . . . . . . . . 405. State reclamation programs . . . . . . . . 406. Reclamation of rural lands . . . . . . . . . Section iii Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 18 24 25 26 28

407. 408. 409. 410. 411. 412. 413. 414.

Acquisition and re clamation of land adv ersely affected by past coal mining practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filling v oids and sea ling tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emergency powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fund report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interagency cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30 33 34 35 36 37 37 38

TITLE V - CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING 501. *. 502. 503. 504. 505. 506. 507. 508. 509. 510. 511. 512. 513. 514. 515. 516. 517. 518. 519. Environmental protection standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abandoned coal refuse sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Initial regulatory procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Perm its . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ap plication req uiremen ts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rec lamation p lan require ments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performance bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Permit approval or denial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rev ision of perm its . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coa l exploration permits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public notice and public hearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dec isions of regu latory autho rity and app eals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Environmental protection performance standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surface effects of underground coal mining operations . . . . . . . . . Inspections and monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Penalties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rele ase of perf ormanc e bonds or d eposits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 39 40 42 44 46 46 48 53 54 55 58 59 60 61 62 73 75 77 80

*Specific cite was not designated in the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

iv

Section

Page 82 83 86 89 90 91 92 94 95 95

520. Citize n suits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521. Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522. Designating areas unsuitable for surface coal mining . . . . . . . . . . . 523. Federal lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524. Public agencies, public utilities, and public corporations . . . . . . . . 525. Review by Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526. Judicial review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527. Special bituminous coal mines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528. Surface mining operations not subject to this Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529. Anthracite coal mines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

TITLE VI - DESIGNATION OF LANDS UNSUITABLE FOR NONCOAL MINING 601. Designation procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

TITLE VII - ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

701. 702. 703. 704. 705. 706. 707. 708. 709. 710. 711. 712. 713. 714.

Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Federal laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employee protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Penalty for interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants to the States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seve rability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alaskan surface coal mine study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Study of reclamation standards for surface mining of other minerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indian lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Experimental practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization of appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coordination of regulatory and inspection activities . . . . . . . . . . . Surface owner protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 98 101 102 103 103 104 104 104 105 106 107 108 108 109

v

Section 715. 716. 717. 718. 719. 720. 721.

Page 110 110 110 111 111 111 112

Federal lessee protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alaska coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water rights and replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advance appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certification and training of blasters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subsidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

TITLE VIII - UNIVERSITY COAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES 801. 802. 803. 804. 805. 806. Establishment of university coal research laboratories . . . . . . . . . Financial assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lim itation on pay ments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Paym ents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advisory Council on Coal Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization of appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 114 115 115 116 117

TITLE IX - ENERGY R ESOURCE G RADUAT E FELLOWSH IPS 901. 902. 903. 904. 905. 906. 907. 908. Program authorized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Awarding of fellowships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distribution of fellowships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stipends and institutions of higher education allowances . . . . . Limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fellowship conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations authorized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Research and demonstration projects of alternative coal mining technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 118 119 119 119 120 120

. . . 121

vi

AMENDING ACTS
TITLE II - OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT Page

Section

201(b) 201(b)

201(e)

Compensation of Director to be at level V of Executive S chedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Functions performed by Civil Service Commission transferred to Director, Office of Personne l Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Co nsideration o f OSM RE as an independe nt Federa l regulatory agency for purposes of Sections 3502 and 3512 of Title 44 of the United States Code repealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

TITLE III - STATE MINING AND MINERAL RESOURCES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTES Recodified, with provisions similar to those in original sections, new Section 310 added . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301(a)(1) Allotment of grants authorization period; limitation . . . . . . 301(a)(2)(A) Matching funds requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301(b) Research subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302(a) Research grants authorization period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304, 309, 402, 719, 801, 805 Bureau of Mines redesignated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304(a) Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306(c) [306(d) prior to 08/29/84, recodification] Patent and trad emark p rocedure s regarding products of an institute financed under Pub. L. 95-87 preempted . . . . 306(c) "section 3324(a) and (b) of Title 31" substituted for "section 3684 [3648] of the R evised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 529)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306(d) Administrative expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309(a)(7) Advisory committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309(e) Plan update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310(b) Eligib ility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Title III Strategic and Critical Minerals Act of 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . 301-309

146 153 153 153 153

157 154

160

161 154 154 154 154 158

vii

TITLE IV - ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION Section Page 123 124

401(b) Sou rces of dep osits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 401(c) Use of money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 401(c)(1) State regulatory authority underwriting of subsidence insurance indemnification of private property authorized and partially funded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401(c)(6) Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401(c)(11), (12),(13) C onformin g amend ments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401(e) Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(b) Du e date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(b) Extension of fee program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(b) Year 1995 changed to 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(c) Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(d) Au dits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(f) Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(g) Allocation of funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(g)(1) Language added: "Except as provided in Subsection (h)" . . 402(g)(2) "c hapter 69 o f title 31" substitute d for "the A ct of October 20, 1976 Public Law 94-565 (91 Stat. 2662) [30 U.S.C. 1601 et. seq.]" . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(g)(3) State set-aside for future expenditures of up to ten per centum of annual State funds from the Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402(h) Transfer of funds to Combined Fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403(a) Priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403(a) Paragraph 4 deleted and paragraphs renumbered . . . . . . . . 403(b) Utilities and other facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403(b)(2) Technical amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403(c) Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404 Eligible lands and waters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404 Eligibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405 State reclamation programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405(b) 60 day-review-period limitation when granting AML funds to States established . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405(k) Approval of Abandoned Mine Land Plans for Navajo, Hopi and Crow tribes without prior approval of Title V regulatory program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii

162 139 136 124 124 135 142 124 125 125 125 136

161

164 135 128 139 128 140 129 129 137 129 165

166

406(d)

Clarification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

ix

Section 406(d)

Page

Sec retary of A griculture pe rmitted to do experim ental surface mining reclamation of land in hydrologic units of not more than 25,000 acres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406(i) Repealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409(a)-(c ) Voids an d tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(a) Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(b) Eligible lands, water, and facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(c) Priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(d) Spe cific sites and a reas not eligib le . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(e), (f) Utilities and other facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410(g) Application of other provisions 132 411-413 Redesignated as 412, 413 and 414 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

167 132 130 130 131 131 131 131 130

TITLE V - CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING 501 Abandoned coal refuse cites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507(b)(14) Cross-sections, maps, or plans submitted with an application for a surface mining and reclamation permit required to be prepared by a qualified engineer, geologist, or land surveyor in any State which authorizes surveyors to prepare and certify such maps or plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507(c) Small operator assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507(c) Assistance to small coal operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507(h) Ad ded: Reim bursem ent of costs 141 509 Fiscal year 1988 performance bond forfeitures may be used to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining after August 3, 1977 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510(e) Modification of prohibition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515(b)(20 ) Period of R esponsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518 Fiscal year 1988 through 1993 civil penalty assessments may be used to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining after August 3, 1977 . . . . . . . . . . . 528 Repeal of two-acre exemption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

168 132 140

169 136 136

169 170

x

TITLE VII - ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Section Page . . . . 137 . . . . 137 . . . . 141

701(c) Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701(d) Eligib ility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 710(i) Add ed: Gra nts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712(a), (b) Funding authorization increased for Sections 502, 523, and 710 in FY 1979 and 1980 and for Section 507(c) in FY 1978-80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 712(b) Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720 Added: Subsidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 721 Added: Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

172 132 138 140

TITLE VIII - UNIVERSITY COAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES 801(a) Numb er of university and resear ch laboratories increased to 13; "Secretary of Energy" substituted in "Admin istrator, Ene rgy Rese arch and D evelopm ent Administration (herein referred to as "Administrator" in this title)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . "Those ten institutions of higher education designated as provided in subsection (e)" substituted for "The institution of higher education" . . . . . . . Appropriations for university coal research laboratories revised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . "Secretary of Energy" substituted for "Administrator" and "Administrator, ERDA" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Functions of Administrator of Federal Energy Administration or Energy Research and Development Administration transferred to Secretary, Department of Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

173

801(b)(1)

173 173 173

806(a) Title VIII Title VIII

175

xi

TITLE IX - ENERGY R ESOURCE G RADUAT E FELLOWSH IPS Section Title IX Page Functions of Administrator of Federal Energy Administration or Energy Research and Development Administra tion transferr ed to Secre tary, Dep artment of Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Functions of Assistant Secretary for Education and Commissioner of Education of Department of Health, Education, and Welfare transferred to Secretary, Department of Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

Title IX

xii

APPROPRIATIONS Supplemental appropriations for FY 1978 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization and appropriation for FY 1979 181 Appropriation for FY 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriation for FY 1981 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Partial recision of appropriations for FY 1981 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorized appropriation limits and exceptions for FY 1981-84 . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental appropriation for FY 1982 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Continuing appropriations for FY 1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Further continuing appropriations for FY 1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental appropriations for Office of Solicitor regarding enforcement measure of previously issued cessation orders where there is no abatement by operator, and supplemental a p pr o pr ia tion and d ef err al for AML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Approp riations for F Y 1984 a nd limitation o n State AM L project administration expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental appropriations for FY 1984 making $42,000,000 available for an AML grant to Pennsylvania to acquire private homes a nd businesse s in Centra ilia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental appropriations for FY 1984 making $1,000,000 available to Montana through its AML program to reclaim the Colorad o Tailings site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second supplemental appropriation for FY 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Continuing appropriation for FY 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1986 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Continuing appropriations for FY 1987, 10/18/86 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Continuing appropriations for FY 1987, 10/30/86 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplemental appropriations for FY 1987 amending Sec. 405(k) by providing for the approval of Navajo, Hopi and Crow Tribe Abandoned Mine Land Plans without prior approval of Title V regulatory program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Continuing appropriations for FY 1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations for FY 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 182 184 186 187 188 190 192 193 194

196 197

199

201 202 203 206 209 212

215 216 219 223 226 230 231 234 237

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PUBLIC LA W 95-87 Pream ble To provid e for the co operation b etween the Secreta ry of the Inte rior and the S tates with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of aba ndoned mines, a nd for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977".

TITLE I -- STATEMENT OF FINDINGS AND POLICY FINDINGS [30 U.S.C. 1201] SEC 101. The Congress finds and declares that (a) extraction of coal and other minerals from the earth can be accomplished by various methods of mining, including surface mining; (b) coal mining operations presently contribute significantly to the Nation's energy requirements; surface coal mining constitutes one method of extraction of the resource; the overwhelming percentage of the Nation's coal reserves can only be extracted by undergro und minin g method s, and it is, there fore, essen tial to the nationa l interest to insure the existence of an expanding and economically healthy underground coal mining industry; (c) many surface mining operations result in disturbances of surface areas that burden and adversely affect commerce and the public welfare by destroying or diminishing the utility of land for commercial, industrial, residential, recreational, agricultural, and forestry purposes, by causing erosion and landslides, by contributing to floods, by polluting the water, by destroying fish and wildlife habitats, by impairing natural beauty, by damaging the property of citizens, by creating hazards dangerous to life and property by degrading the quality of life in local communities, and by counteracting governmental programs and efforts to conserve soil, water, and other natural resources; (d) the expansion of coal mining to meet the Nation's energy needs makes even more urgent the establishment of appropriate standards to minimize damage to the environment and to productivity of the soil and to protect the health and safety of the public. (e) surface mining and reclamation technology are now developed so that effective and reasonable regulation of surface coal mining operations by the States and by the Federal G overnm ent in accor dance w ith the require ments of th is Act is an a ppropriate and necessary means to minimize so far as practicable the adverse social, economic, and environmental effects of such mining operations; Sec. 101

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(f) because of the diversity in terrain, climate, biologic, chemical, and other physical conditions in areas subject to mining operations, the primary governmental responsibility for developing, authorizing, issuing, and enforcing regulations for surface mining and reclamation operations subject to this Act should rest with the States; (g) surface mining and reclamation standards are essential in order to insure that competition in interstate commerce among sellers of coal produced in different States will not be u sed to unde rmine the ability of the sev eral States to im prove and maintain adequate standards on coal mining operations within their borders; (h) there are a substantial number of acres of land throughout major regions of the United States disturbed by surface and underground coal on which little or no reclamation was conducted, and the impacts from these unreclaimed lands impose social and econ omic cos ts on residen ts in nearby a nd adjoining areas as w ell as continuin g to impair environmental quality; (i) while there is a need to regulate surface mining operations for minerals other than coal, mo re data and analyses ar e needed to serve as a basis for effe ctive and re asonable regulation of such operations; (j) surface and underground coal mining operations affect interstate commerce, contribute to the economic well-being, security, and general welfare of the Nation and should be conducted in an environmentally sound manner; and (k) the coop erative effo rt established by this Act is n ecessary to prevent or mitigate adverse environm ental effects of present and fu ture surface coal m ining operations.

PURPOSES [30 U.S.C. 1202] SEC. 102. It is the purpose of this Act to (a) establish a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations; (b) assure that the rights of surface lan downers and o ther persons with a lega l interest in the land or appurtenances thereto are fully protected from such operations; (c) assure that surface mining operations are not conducted where reclamation as required by this Act is not feasible; (d) assure that surface coal mining operations are so conducted as to protect the environment; (e) assure that adequate procedures are undertaken to reclaim surface areas as contemporaneously as possible with the surface coal mining operations; (f) assure tha t the coal supp ly essential to the Nation's e nergy req uiremen ts, and to its economic and social well-being is provided and strike a balance between protection of the environment and agricultural productivity and the Nation's need for coal as an essential source of energy;

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Sec. 102 (g) assist the States in developing and implementing a program to achieve the purposes of this Act; (h) promo te the reclam ation of min ed areas le ft without ad equate rec lamation p rior to the enactm ent of this A ct and wh ich continue , in their unre claimed c ondition, to substantially degrade the quality of the environment, prevent or damage the beneficial use of land or water resources, or endanger the health or safety of the public; (i) assure that appropriate procedures are provided for the public participation in the development, revision, and enforcement of regulations, standards, reclamation plans, or programs established by the Secretary or any State under this Act; (j) provide a means fo r development of the data and analyses nec essary to establish effective and reasonable regulation of surface mining operations for other minerals; (k) encourage the full utilization of coal resources through the development and application of undergroun d extraction technologies; (l) stimulate, sponsor, provide for and/or supplement present programs for the conduct of research investigations, experiments, and demonstrations, in the exploration, extraction, processing, development, and production of minerals and the training of mineral engineers and scientists in the field of mining, minerals resources, and technology , and the esta blishment o f an appro priate resea rch and tra ining center in various States; and (m) wh erever ne cessary, e xercise the full reach of Federal c onstitutional po wers to insure the protection of the public interest through effective control of surface coal mining operations.

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TITLE II -- OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT CREATION OF THE OFFICE [30 U.S.C. 1211] SEC. 201. (a) There is established in the Department of the Interior, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (hereinafter referred to as the "Office"). (b) The Office shall have a Director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with th e advice a nd consen t of the Sena te, and shall b e compe nsated at the rate provided for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of the United States Code, and such other employees as may be required. Pursuant to section 5108, title 5, and after consultation with the Secretary, the Director of the Office of Personnel Mana gemen t shall determ ine the nece ssary num ber of position s in genera l schedule employe es in grade 16, 17, and 18 to perfor m function s of this title and sh all allocate such positions to the Secretary. The Director shall have the responsibilities provided under subsection (c) of this section and those duties and responsibilities relating to the functions of the Office which the Secretary may assign, consistent with this Act. Employees of the Office shall be recruited on the basis of their professional competence and capacity to administer the provisions of this Act. The Office may use, on a reimbursable basis when appropriate, employees of the Department and other Federal agencies to administer the provisions of this Act, providing that no legal authority, program, or function in any Federal agency which has as its purpose promoting the development or use of coal or other mineral resources or regulating the health and safety of miners under provisions of the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 742), shall be transferred to the Office. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 201(b) amended March 7 and M ay 23, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) The Secretary, acting through the Office, shall -(1) administer the programs for controlling surface coal mining operations which are required by this Act; review and approve or disapprove State programs for controlling surface coal mining operations and reclaiming abandoned mine lands; make those investig ations and ins pections ne cessary to in sure com pliance w ith this Act; conduct hearings, administer oaths, issue subpoenas, and compel the attendance of witnesses and produ ction of wr itten or printed material a s provided f or in this Ac t; issue cease-and-desist orders; review and vacate or modify or approve orders and decisions; and order the suspension, revocation, or withholding of any permit for failure to comply with any of the provisions of this Act or any rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto; (2) publish an d promu lgate such ru les and reg ulations as m ay be nec essary to carry out the purposes and provisions of this Act;

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Sec. 201 (3) admin ister the State g rant-in-aid p rogram for the deve lopment o f State programs for surface and mining and reclamation operations provided for in Title V of this Act; (4) administer the program for the purchase and reclamation of abandoned and unreclaimed mined areas pursuant to title IV of this Act; (5) administer the surface mining and reclamation research and demonstration project authority provided for in this Act; (6) consult w ith other age ncies of the F ederal G overnm ent having e xpertise in the control and reclamation of surface mining operations and assist States, local governments, and other eligible agencies in the coordination of such programs; (7) maintain a continuing study of surface mining and reclamation operations in the United States; (8) develop and maintain an Information and Data Center on Surface Coal Mining, Reclamation, and Surface Impacts of Underground Mining, which will make such data available to the public and the Federal, regional, State, and local agencies conducting or concerned with land use planning and agencies concerned with surface and underground mining and reclamation operations; (9) assist the States in the development of State programs for surface coal mining and reclamation operations which meet the requirements of the Act, and at the same time, reflect local requirements and local environmental and agricultural conditions; (10) assist the S tates in deve loping objec tive scientific c riteria and a ppropriate procedures and institutions for determining those areas of a State to be designated unsuitable for all or certain types of surface coal mining pursuant to section 522; (11) monitor all Federal and State research programs dealing with coal extraction a nd use and recomm end to Co ngress the re search an d demon stration proje cts and nece ssary chan ges in public p olicy whic h are desig nated to (A ) improve feasibility of underground coal mining, and (B) improve surface mining and reclamation techniques directed at eliminating adverse environmental and social impacts; (12) coope rate with o ther Fede ral agencie s and State re gulatory au thorities to minimize duplication of inspections, enforcement, and administration of this Act; and (13) perform such other duties as may be provided by law and relate to the purposes of this Act. (d) The Director shall not use either permanently or temporarily any person charged w ith responsibility of inspecting coal mine s under the F ederal C oal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969, unless he finds and publishes such finding in the Federal Register, that such activities would not interfere with such inspections under the 1969 Act.

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Sec. 201 (e) [Repealed.] ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 201(e) amended December 11, 1980. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(f) No employee of the Office or any other Federal employee performing any function or d uty under th is Act shall h ave a direc t or indirect fina ncial interest in underground or surface coal mining operations. Whoever knowingly violates the provisions of the above sentence shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $2,500, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both. The Director s hall (1) with in sixty days a fter enactm ent of this A ct publish reg ulations, in accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States Code, to establish the methods by which the provisions of this subsection will be monitored and enforced, including appropriate provisions for the filing by such employees and the review of statements and supplem ents thereto c oncerning their financia l interests wh ich may b e affected by this subsection, and (2) report to the Congress as part of the annual report (section 706) on the actions taken and not taken during the preceding calendar year under this subsection. (g)(1) After the Secretary has adopted the regulations required by section 501 of this Act, any person may petition the Director to initiate a proceeding for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of a rule under this Act. (2) Such petitions shall be filed in the principal office of the Director and shall set forth the facts which it is claimed established that it is necessary to issue, amend, or repeal a rule under this Act. (3) The Director may hold a public hearing or may conduct such investigation or proceeding as the Director deems appropriate in order to determine whether or not such petition should be granted. (4) Within ninety days after filing of a petition described in paragraph (1), the Director shall either grant or deny the petition. If the Director grants such petition, the Director shall promptly commence an appropriate proceeding in accordance with the provisions of this Act. If the Director denies such petition, the Director shall so notify the petitioner in writing se tting forth the re asons for su ch denial.

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TITLE III -- STATE MINING AND MINERAL RESOURCES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTES [30 U.S.C. 1221] AUTHORIZATION OF STATE ALLOTMENTS TO INSTITUTES [98 STAT. 1536] [Note: As of 1984, Title III is no longer part of SMCRA but a related Act, the Mining and Mineral Institute Act of 1984.] SEC. 301. (a)(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Secretary") funds adequate to provide for each participating State $400,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1990, through September 30, 1994, to assist the States in carrying on the work of a competent and qualified mining and mineral resources research institute or cen ter (herea fter in this Ac t referred to as the "institute" ) at one pub lic college or u niversity in the State whic h meets the eligibility criteria e stablished in section 310. (2)(A) Funds appropriated under this section shall be made available for grants to be matched on a basis of no less than 2 non-Federal dollars for each Federal dollar. (B) If there is more than one such eligible college or university in a State, funds appropriated under this Act shall, in the absence of a designation to the contrary by act of the legislature of the State, be granted to one such college or university designated by the Governor of the State. (C) W here a State does not ha ve a public c ollege or un iversity eligible under section 310, the Committee on Mining and Mineral Resources Research established in section 309 (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Committee") may allocate the S tate's allotm ent to one pr ivate college or university which it de termines to be eligible under such section. (b) It shall be the duty of each institute to plan and conduct, or arrange for a compon ent or com ponents of th e college or university w ith which it is a ffiliated to conduct research, investigations, demonstrations, and experiments of either, or both, a basic or practical nature in relation to mining and mineral resources, and to provide for the training of mineral eng ineers and scientists through such re search, investigations, demonstrations, and experiments. The subject of such research, investigation, demonstration, experiment, and training may include exploration; extraction; processing; development; production of fuel and nonfuel mineral resources; mining and mineral technology; supply and demand for minerals; conservation and best use of available su pplies of m inerals; the e conomic , legal social, e ngineering , recreation al, biological, geographic, ecological, and other aspects of mining, mineral resources, and mineral reclamation. Such research, investigation, demonstration, experiment, and training shall consider the interrelationship with the

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Sec. 301 natural environment, the varying conditions and needs to the respective States, and mining and mineral resources research projects being conducted by agencies of the Federal and State governments and other institutes. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 301 amended August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RESEARCH FUNDS TO INSTITUTES [98 STAT. 1537] [30 U.S.C. 1222] SEC. 302. (a) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary not more than $15,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1990, through September 30, 1994, which shall remain available until expended. Such funds when a ppropriate d shall be m ade availa ble to an institute or to institutes pa rticipating in a generic mineral technology center to meet the necessary expenses for purposes of -(1) specific mineral research and demonstration projects of broad application, which could not otherwise be undertaken, including the expenses of planning and coordinating regional mining and mineral resources research projects by two or more institutes; and (2) research into any aspects of mining and mineral resources problems related to the mission of the Department of the Interior, which are deemed by the Committee to be desirable and are not otherwise being studied. (b) Each application for funds under subsection (a) of this section shall state, among other things, the nature of the project to be undertaken; the period during which it will be pursued; the qualifications of the personnel who will direct and conduct it; the estimated costs; the importance of the project to the Nation, region, or State concerned; its relation to other known research projects theretofore pursued or being pursued; the extent to which the proposed project will provide opportunity for the training of mining and mineral engineers and scientists; and the extent of participation by nongovernmental sources in the project. (c) The C ommitte e shall review all such fund ing applicatio ns and rec omme nd to the Secretary the use of the institutes, insofar as practicable, to perform special research. Recommendations shall be made without regard to the race, religion, or sex of the personnel who will conduct and direct the research, and on the basis of the facilities available in relation to the particular needs of the research project; special geographic, geologic, or climatic conditions within the immediate vicinity of the institute; any other special requirements of the research project; and the extent to which such project will provide an opportunity for training individuals as mineral engineers and scientists. The Committee shall recommend to the Secretary the designation and utilization of such portions of the funds authorized to be appropriated

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Sec. 302 by this section as it deems appr opriate for the purpose of pr oviding scholarships, graduate fellowships, a nd postdoctoral fellowships. (d) No funds shall be made available under subsection (a) of this section except for a project ap proved by the Secreta ry and all fun ds shall be m ade availa ble upon the basis of merit of the project, the need for the knowledge which it is expected to produce when completed, and the opportunity it provides for the training of individuals as mineral engineers and scientists. (e) No funds made available under this section shall be applied to the acquisition by purchase or lease of any land or interests therein, or the rental, purchase, construction, preservation, or repair of any building. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 302 amended August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FUNDING CRITERIA [98 STAT. 1538] [30 U.S.C. 1223] SEC. 303. (a) Funds available to institutes under sections 301 and 302 of this Act shall be paid at such times and in such amounts during each fiscal year as determin ed by the Se cretary, a nd upon vo uchers ap proved by him. Ea ch institute sha ll -(1) set forth its plan to provide for the training of individuals as mineral engineers and scientists under a curriculum appropriate to the field of mineral resources and mineral engineering and related fields; (2) set forth policies and procedures which assure that Federal funds made available under this Act for any fiscal year will supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the lev el of funds that would, in the ab sence of such Fed eral funds, be made available for purposes of this Act, and in no case supplant such funds; and (3) have an officer appointed by its governing authority who shall receive and account for all funds paid under the provisions of this Act and shall make an annual report to the Secretary on or before the first day of September of each year, on work accomplished and the status of projects underway, together with a detailed statement of the amounts received under any provisions of this Act during the preceding fiscal year, and of its disbursements on schedules prescribed by the Secretary. If any of the funds received by the authorized receiving officer of any institute under the provisions of this Act sha ll by any actio n or conting ency be fo und by the S ecretary to have been improperly diminished, lost, or misapplied, such funds shall be replaced by the State concerned and until so replaced no subsequent appropriation shall be allotted or paid to any institute of such State.

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Sec. 303 (b) The institutes are authorized and encouraged to plan and conduct programs under this Act in cooperation with each other and with such other agencies and individuals as may contribute to the solution of the mining and mineral resources problems involved. Moneys appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be available for paying the necessary expenses of planning, coordinating, and conducting such cooperative research. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 303 amended August 29, 1984. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY [98 STAT. 1538] [30 U.S.C. 1224] SEC. 304. (a) The Secretary, acting through the Director of the United Sta tes Burea u of Min es, shall adm inister this Ac t and, after fu ll consultation w ith other interested Federal agencies, shall prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out its provisions. The Secretary shall furnish such advice and assistance as will best promote the purposes of this Act, shall participate in coordinating research initiated under this Act by the institutes, shall indicate to them such lines of inquiry that seem most important, and shall encourage and assist in the establishment and maintenance of cooperation by and between the institutes and between them and other research organizations, the United States Department of the Interior, and other Federal establishments. (b) On or before the first day of July in each year beginning after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall ascertain whether the requirements of section 303(a) have been met as to each institute and State. (c) The Secretar y shall make an an nual report to the Cong ress of receipts, expenditures, and work of the institutes in all States under the provisions of this Act. The Sec retary's re port shall indic ate whe ther any po rtion of an ap propriation a vailable for allotment to any State has been withheld and, if so, the reason therefor. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 304 amended August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988 and M ay 18, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 305 AUTONOMY [98 STAT.1539] [30 U.S.C. 1225] SEC. 305. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to impair or modify the legal relationship existing between any of the colleges or universities under whose d irection an in stitute is establishe d and the go vernme nt of the State in which it is located, and nothing in this Act shall in any way be construed to authorize Federal control or direction of education at any college or university. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 305 amended August 29, 1984. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS [98 STAT. 1539] [30 U.S.C. 1201] SEC. 306. (a) The Secretary shall obtain the continuing advice and cooperation of all agencies of the Federal Government concerned with mining and mineral resources, of State and local governments, and of private institutions and individuals to assure that the programs authorized by this Act will supplement and not be redund ant with re spect to estab lished minin g and min erals resea rch progra ms, and to stimulate research in otherwise neglected areas, and to contribute to a comprehensive nationwide program of mining and minerals research, with due regard for the protection and conse rvation of the environm ent. The S ecretary s hall make generally a vailable information and reports on projects completed, in progress, or planned under the provisions of this Act, in addition to any direct publication of information by the institutes themselves. (b) Nothing in this Act is intended to give or shall be construed as giving the Secretary any authority over mining and mineral resources research conducted by any agency of the Federal Government, or as repealing or diminishing existing authorities or responsibilities of any agency of the Federal Government to plan and conduct, contract for, or assist in research in its area of responsibility and concern with regard to mining and mineral resources. (c) No research, demonstration, or experiment shall be carried out under this Act by an institute financed by gran ts under this Act, unless all uses, prod ucts, processes, patents, and other developments resulting therefrom, with such exception or limitation, if any, as the Secretary may find necessary in the public inte rest, are m ade availa ble promptly to the general public. Patentable inventions shall be governed by the provisions of Public Law 96-517. Nothing contained in this section shall deprive

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Sec. 306 the owner of any background patent relating to any such activities of any rights which that owner may have under that patent. (d)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $450,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1990, through September 30, 1994, to administer this Act. No funds may be withheld by the Secretary for administrative expenses from those autho rized to be a ppropriate d by sections 1 and 2 of this A ct. (2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as are necessary for the printing and publishing of the results of activities carried out by institutes and generic mineral technology centers under this Act, but such appropriations shall not exceed $550,000 in any single fiscal year. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 306 amended August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CENTER FOR CATALOGING [98 STAT. 1540] [30 U.S.C. 1227] SEC. 307. The Secretary shall establish a center for cataloging current and projected scientific research in all fields of mining and mineral resources. Each Federal agency doing mining and mineral resources research shall cooperate by providing the cataloging center with information on work underway or scheduled by it. The cataloging center shall classify and maintain for public use a catalog of mining and mineral r esources r esearch a nd investigatio n projects in p rogress or s cheduled by all Federal agencie s and by such non-F ederal agencies of go vernment, college s, universities, private institutions, firms, and individuals as may make such information available. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 307 amended August 29, 1984. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INTERAGENCY COOPERATION [98 STAT. 1540] [30 U.S.C. 1228] SEC. 308. The President shall, by such means as he deems appropriate, clarify agency responsibility for Federal mining and mineral resources research and provide for interagency coordination of such research, including the research authorized by this Act. Such coordination shall include -(1) continuin g review of the adeq uacy of the Govern ment-w ide progra m in mining and mineral resources research;

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Sec. 308 (2) identification and elimination of duplication and overlap between agency programs; (3) identification of technical needs in various mining and mineral resources research categories; (4) recommendations with respect to allocation of technical effort among Federal agencies; (5) review of technical manpower needs, and findings concerning manag ement po licies to impr ove the qua lity of the Go vernme nt-wide re search eff ort; and (6) actions to facilitate interagency communication at management levels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 308 amended August 29, 1984. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------COMMITTEE [98 STAT. 1540] [30 U.S.C. 1229] SEC. 309. (a) The Secretary shall appoint a Committee on Mining and Mineral Resources Research com posed of -(1) the Assistant Secretary of the Interior responsible for minerals and mining research, or his delegate; (2) the Director, United States Bureau of Mines, or his delegate; (3) the Director, United States Geological Survey, or his delegate; (4) the Director of the National Science Foundation, or his delegate; (5) the President, National Academy of Sciences, or his delegate; (6) the President, National Academy of Engineering, or his delegate; and (7) not more than 7 other persons who are knowledgeable in the fields of mining and mineral resources research, including two university administrators involved in the conduct of programs authorized by this Act, 3 representatives from the mining industry, a working miner, and a representative from the conservation community. In making these 7 ap pointments, the Secre tary shall consult with interested grou ps. (b) The Committee shall consult with, and make recommendations to, the Secretary on all matters relating to mining and mineral resources research and the determin ations that are required to b e made under this A ct. The Se cretary sha ll consult with, and consider recommendations of, such Comm ittee in such matters. (c) Committee members, other than officers or employees of Federal, State, or local governments, shall be, for each day (including travel time) during which they are performing Committee business, paid at a rate fixed by the Secretary but not excess of the daily equivalent of the maximum rate of pay for grade GS-18 of the

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Sec. 309 General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5 of the United States Code, and shall be fully reimbursed for trav el, subsistence, and related ex penses. (d) The Committee shall be jointly chaired by the Assistant Secretary of the Interior responsible for minerals and mining and a person to be elected by the Committee from among the members referred to in paragraphs (5), (6), and (7) of subsection (a) of this section. (e) The Committee shall develop a national plan for research in mining and mineral resources, considering ongoing efforts in the universities, the Federal Govern ment, an d the private sector, and shall form ulate and re comm end a prog ram to implement the plan utilizing resources provided for under this Act. The Committee shall submit such plan to the Secretary, the President, and the Congress on or before March 1, 1986, and shall submit an annual update of such plan by January 15 of each calendar year. (f) Section 10 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Committee. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 309 amended August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988 and M ay 18, 1992. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA [98 STAT. 1541] [30 U.S.C. 1230] SEC. 310. (a) The Comm ittee shall determine the eligibility of a college or u niversity to pa rticipate as a m ining and m ineral resou rces resea rch institute under this Act using criteria which include -(1) the presence of a substantial program of graduate instruction and research in mining or mineral extraction or closely related fields which has a demonstrated history of achievement; (2) evidence of institutional commitment for the purposes of this Act; and (3) evidence that such institution has or can obtain significant industrial cooperation in activities within the scope of this Act; and (4) the presence of an engineering program in mining or minerals extraction that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, or evidence of equivalent institutional capability as determined by the Committee. (b)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), those colleges or universities which, on the date of enactment of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988, have a mining or mineral resources research institute program which has been found to be eligible pursuant to this Act shall continue to be eligible subject to review at least once during the period authorized by

14

Sec. 310 the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988, under the provisions of subsection (a). The results of such review shall be submitted by January 15, 1992, pursuant to section 11(a)(2) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988. (2) Generic mineral technology centers established by the Secretary under this Act are to be composed of institutes eligible pursuant to subsection (a). Existing generic m ineral techn ology cente rs shall continu e to be eligible under this A ct subject to at least one review prior to January 15, 1992, pursuant to section 11(a)(3) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 310 added August 29, 1984 and October 12, 1988. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------STRATEGIC RESOURCES GENERIC MINERAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER [104 Stat. 1207] [30 U.S.C. 1230a] (a) The Se cretary of th e Interior is au thorized an d directed to establish a Strategic Resources Mineral Technology Center (hereinafter referred to as the "center") for the purpose of improving existing, and developing new, technologies that will decrease the dependance of the United States on supplies of strategic and critical minerals. (b) The center shall -(1) provide for studies and technology development in the areas of mineral extraction and refining processes, product substitution and conservation of mineral resources through rec ycling and advance d processing and fabric ation methods; (2) identify new deposits of strategic and critical mineral resources; and (3) facilitate the transfer of information, studies, and technologies developed by the center to the private sector. (c) The Secretary shall establish the center referred to in subsection (a) of this section at a university that -(1) does not currently host a generic mineral technology center; (2) has established advanced degree programs in geology and geological engineering, and metallurgical and mining engineering; (3) has expertise in materials and advanced processing research; and (4) is located west of the 100th meridian. (d) There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

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TITLE IV -- ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION ABANDONED M INE RECLAMATION FUND AND PURPOSES [30 U.S.C. 1231]

SEC. 401. (a) There is created on the books of the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund (hereinafter referred to as the "fund") which shall be administered by the Secretary of the Interior. S tate abando ned mine reclama tion funds (Sta te funds) ge nerated by grants from this title shall be established by each State pursuant to an approved State program. (b) The fund shall consist of amounts deposited in the fund, from time to time derived from -(1) the reclamation fees levied under section 402; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(b)(1) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2) any user charge imposed on or for land reclaimed pursuant to this title, after expenditures for maintenance have been deducted; (3) donations by persons, corporations, associations, and foundations for the purposes of this title; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(b)(3) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(4) recovered moneys as provided for in this title; and ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(b)(4) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(5) interest credited to the fund under subsection (e). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(b)(5) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) Moneys in the fund may be used for the following purposes: (1) reclamation and restoration of land and water resources adversely affected by past coal mining, including but not limited to reclamation and restoration of abandoned surface mine areas, abandoned coal processing areas, and abandoned coal refuse disposal areas; sea ling and filling abandoned dee p mine entries and vo ids; planting of land adversely affected by past coal mining to prevent erosion and sedimentation; prevention, abatement, treatment, and control of water pollution created by coal mine drainage including restoration of stream beds, and construction and operation of water treatment plants; prevention, abatement, and control of burning

16

Sec. 401 coal refuse disposal areas and burning coal in situ; prevention, abatement, and control of coal m ine subsiden ce; and es tablishmen t of self-sustainin g, individual S tate administered programs to insure private property against damages caused by land subsidence resulting from underground coal mining in those States which have reclamation plans approved in accordance with section 503 of this Act: Provided, That funds used for this purpo se shall not ex ceed $3,0 00,000 of th e funds m ade availa ble to any State under section 402(g)(1) of this Act; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(1) amended October 12, 1984 and Novem ber 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2) for transfer on an ann ual basis to the Secretary of A griculture for use under section 406; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(2) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(3) acquisition and filling of voids and sealing of tunnels, shafts, and entryways under section 409; (4) acquisition of land as provided for in this title; (5) enforcement and collection of the reclamation fee provided for in section 402 of this title; (6) studies, research, and demonstration projects by the Department of the Interior to suc h extent or in s uch amo unts as are p rovided in a ppropriation Acts w ith public and private organizations, conducted in accordance with section 3501 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986 conducted for the purposes of this title; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(6) amended November 5, 1990 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(7) restoration, reclama tion, abatement, contro l, or prevention of adverse effects of coal mining which constitutes an emergency as provided for in this title; (8) grants to the States to accomplish the purposes of this title; (9) administrative expen ses of the United States and each State to accom plish the purposes of this title; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(9) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(10) for use under section 411; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401 (c)(10) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(11) for the purpose of section 507(c), except that not more than $10,000,000 shall annually be available for such purpose;

17

Sec. 401 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401 (c)(11) amended November 5, 1990 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(12) for the purpose described in section 402(h); and ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(12) amended November 5, 1990 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(13) all other necessary expenses to accomplish the purposes of this title. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(c)(13) renumbered from (12) October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(d) Mon eys from the fund sha ll be available for the purp oses of this title, on ly when appropriated therefor, and such appropriations shall be made without fiscal year limitations. (e) The S ecretary o f the Interior s hall notify the S ecretary o f the Trea sury as to what portion of the fund is not, in his judgement, required to meet current withdrawals. The Secretary of the Treasury shall invest such portion of the fund in public debt securities with maturities suitable for the needs of such fund and bearing interest at rates determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration current market yields on outs tanding m arketable o bligations of the United Sta tes of com parable maturities. The income on such investments shall be credited to, and form a part of, the fund. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 401(e) added November 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RECLAMATION FEE [30 U.S.C. 1232] SEC. 402. (a) All operators of coal mining operations subject to the provisions of this Act shall pay to the Secretary of the Interior, for deposit in the fund, a reclama tion fee of 35 cents per ton of coal prod uced by su rface coa l mining an d 15 cents per ton of coal produced by underground mining or 10 per centum of the value of the coal at the mine, as determined by the Secretary, whichever is less, except that the reclamation fee for lignite coal shall be at a rate of 2 per centum of the value of the coal at the mine, or 10 cents per ton, whichever is less. (b) Such fee shall be paid no later than thirty days after the end of each calendar quarter beginning with the first calendar quarter occurring after the date of enactment of this Act, and ending September 30, 2004, after which time the fee shall be

18

Sec. 402 established at a rate to continue to provide for the deposit referred to in subsection (h). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(b) amended November 5, 1990 and October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) Toge ther with su ch reclam ation fee, all o perators of coal mine operations s hall submit a statement of the amount of coal produced during the calendar quarter, the method of coal removal and the type of coal, the accuracy of which shall be sworn to by the operator and notarized. Such statement shall include an identification of the permittee of the surface coal mining operation, any operator in addition to the permittee, the owner of the coal, the preparation plant, tipple, or loading point for the coal, and the person purchasing the coal from the operator. The report shall also specify the number of the permit required under section 506 and the mine safety and health identification number. Each quarterly report shall contain a notification of any changes in the informatio n required by this subsec tion since the d ate of the pre ceding qua rterly repor t. The information contained in the quarterly reports under this subsection shall be maintained by the Secretary in a computerized database. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(c) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(d)(1) Any person, corporate officer, agent or director, on behalf of a coal mine operator, who knowingly makes any false statement, representation or certification, or knowing ly fails to ma ke any state ment, re presentation or certificatio n required in this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both. (2) The Secretary shall conduct such audits of coal production and the payment of fees under this title as may be necessary to ensure full compliance with the provisions of this title. For purposes of performing such audits the Secretary (or any duly designated officer, employee, or representative of the Secretary) shall, at the reasonable times, upon request, have access to, and may copy, all books, papers, and other documents of any person subject to the provisions of this title. The Secretary may at any time conduct audits of any surface coal mining and reclamation operation, including without limitation, tipples and preparation plants, as may be necessary in the judgmen t of the Secr etary to ensu re full and co mplete pa yment of the fees und er this title. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(d)(2) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(e) Any p ortion of the r eclama tion fee not pr operly or pr omptly pa id pursuant to this section sha ll be recove rable, w ith statutory inter est, from c oal mine o perators, in any court of competent jurisdiction in any action at law to compel payment of debts. (f) All Federal and State agencies shall fully cooperate with the Secretary of the Interior in the enforcement of this section. Whenever the Secretary believes that any

19

Sec. 402 person has not paid the full amount of the fee payable under subsection (a) the Secretary shall notify the Federal agency responsible for ensuring compliance with the provisions of section 4121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(f) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(g) (1) Exc ept as provid ed in subsec tion (h), mo neys depo sited into the fun d shall be allocated by the Secr etary to accomp lish the purposes of this title as follows: (A) 50 pe rcent of the r eclama tion fees colle cted annua lly in any State (other than fees collected with respect to Indian lands) shall be allocated annually by the Secretary to the State, subject to such State having each of the following: (i) An app roved aba ndoned m ine reclam ation progra m pursua nt to section 405. (ii) Lands a nd water s which a re eligible pu rsuant to sec tion 404 (in the case of a State not cer tified under s ection 411( a)) or pursu ant to section 4 11(b) (in the case of a State certified under section 411(a)). (B) 50 per cent of the re clamation fees collecte d annually w ith respect to Indian lands shall be allocated annually by the Secretary to the Indian tribe having jurisdiction over such lands, subject to such tribe having each of the following: (i) an appro ved aban doned m ine reclam ation progra m pursua nt to section 405. (ii) Lands a nd water s which a re eligible pu rsuant to sec tion 404 (in the case of an Indian tribe not certified under section 411(a)) or pursuant to section 411(b) (in the case of a tribe certified under section 411(a)). (C) The funds allocated by the Secretary under this paragraph to States and Indian tribes shall only be used for annual reclamation project construction and program administration grants. (D) To the extent not expended within 3 years after the date of any grant award under this paragraph, such grant shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary in any area under paragraph (2), (3), (4), or (5). (2) 20 percent of the amounts available in the fund in any fiscal year which are not allocated under paragraph (1) in that fiscal year (including that interest accruing as provided in section 401 (e) and inclu ding funds a vailable for r eallocation p ursuant to paragraph (1)(D)), shall be allocated to the Secretary only for the purpose of making the annual transfer to the Secretary of Agriculture under section 401(c)(2). (3) Amounts available in the fund which are not allocated to States and Indian tribes under paragraph (1) or allocated under paragraphs (2) and (5) are authorized to be expended by the Secretary for any of the following: (A) For the purpose of section 50 7(c), either directly or thr ough gran ts to the States, subject to the limitation contained in section 401(c)(11). (B) For the purpose of section 410 (relating to emergencies). (C) For the purpose of meetin g the objectiv es of the fun d set forth in section 403(a) for eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 in States and on

20

Sec. 402 Indian lands where the State or Indian tribe does not have an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. (D) For the administration of this title by the Secretary. (4)(A) Amounts available in the fund which are not allocated under paragraphs (1), (2), and (5) or expended under paragraph (3) in any fiscal year are authorized to be expended by the Secretary under this paragraph for the reclamation or drainage abatement of lands and waters within unreclaimed sites which are mined for coal or which were affected by such mining, wastebanks, coal processing or other coal mining processes and left in an inadequate reclamation status. (B) Funds made available under this paragraph may be used for reclamation or drainage abatement at a site referred to in subparagraph (A) if the Secretary makes either of the following findings: (i) A finding that the surface coal mining operation occurred during the period beginning on August 4, 1977, and ending on or before the date on which the Secretary approved a State prog ram pur suant to sectio n 503 for a S tate in which the site is located, and that any funds for reclamation or abatement which are available pursuant to a bond or other form of financial guarantee or from any other source are not sufficient to provide for adequate reclamation or abatement at the site. (ii) A finding that the surface coal mining operation occurred during the period beginning on August 4, 1977, and ending on or before the date of enactment of this paragraph, and that the surety of such mining operator became insolvent during such period, and as of the date of enactment of this paragraph, funds immediately available from proceedings relating to such insolvency, or from any financial guarantee or other source are not sufficient to provide for adequate reclamation or abatement at the site. (C) In determining which sites to reclaim pursuant to this paragraph, the Secretary shall follow the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a). The Secretary shall ensure that priority is given to those sites which are in the immediate vicinity of a residential area or which have an adverse economic impact upon a local community. (D) Amounts collected from the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph. (E) Any State may expend grants made available under paragraphs (1) and (5) for reclamation and abatement of any site referred to in subparagraph (A) if the State, with the concur rence of th e Secreta ry, mak es either of th e findings re ferred to in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (B) and if the State determines that the reclamation priority of the s ite is the sam e or mor e urgent tha n the reclam ation priority fo r eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 under the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a). (F) For the purposes of the certification referred to in section 411(a), sites referred to in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall be considered as having the same pr iorities as those stated in sectio n 403(a) fo r eligible lands and wate rs pursuan t to section 404. All sites referred to in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph

21

Sec. 402 within any State shall be reclaimed prior to such State making the certification referred to in section 411(a). (5) The Secretary shall allocate 40 percent of the amount in the fund after making th e allocation r eferred to in paragrap h (1) for m aking additio nal annual g rants to States and Indian tribes which are not certified under section 411(a) to supplement grants received by such States and Indian tribes pursuant to paragraph (1)(C) until the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a) have been achieved by such State or Indian tribe. The allocation of such funds for the purpose of making such expenditur es shall be thro ugh a form ula based o n the amo unt of coal his torically produced in the State or from the Indian lands concerned prior to August 3, 1977. Funds allocated or expende d by the Sec retary und er paragr aphs (2), (3 ), or (4) of this subsection for any State or Indian tribe shall not be deducted against any allocation of funds to the State or Indian tribe under paragraph (1) or under this paragraph. (6) Any State may receive and retain, without regard to the 3-year limitation referred to in paragra ph (1)(D) , up to 10 per cent of the tota l of the grants m ade annu ally to such State under paragraphs (1) and (5) if such amounts are deposited into either(A) a special trust fund established under State law pursuant to which such amounts (together with all interest earned on such amounts) are expended by the State solely to achieve the priorities stated in section 403(a) after September 30, 1995, or (B) an acid mine drainage abatement and treatment fund established under State law as provided in paragraph (7). (7)(A) Any State may establish under State law an acid mine drainage abatement and treatment fund from which amounts (together with all interest earned on such am ounts) are e xpended by the State to implem ent, in consu ltation with the Soil Conservation Service, acid mine drainage abatement and treatment plans approved by the Secretary. Such plans shall provide for the comprehensive abatement of the causes and treatm ent of the eff ects of acid m ine drainag e within qu alified hydro logic units affected by coal mining practices. (B) The plan shall include, but shall not be limited to, each of the following: (i) An iden tification of the qualified hyd rologic unit. (ii) The extent to which acid mine drainage is affecting the water quality and b iological reso urces w ithin the hydro logic unit. (iii) An iden tification of the sources of a cid mine d rainage w ithin the hydrolo gic unit. (iv) An identification of individual projects and the measures proposed to be undertaken to abate and treat the causes or effects of acid mine drainage within the h ydrologic u nit. (v) The cost of undertaking the proposed abatement and treatment measures.

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Sec. 402 (vi) An identification of existing and proposed sources of funding for such measur es. (vii) An analysis of the cost-effectiveness and environmental benefits of abateme nt and treatment m easures. (C) The Secretary may approve any plan under this paragraph only after determining that such plan meets the requirements of this paragraph. In conducting an analysis of the items referred to in clauses (iv), (v), and (vii) the Director of the Office of Surface Mining shall obtain the comments of the Director of the United States Bureau of Mine s. In approv ing plans und er this parag raph, the S ecretary s hall give a pr iority to those plans which will be implemented in coordination with measures undertaken by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 406. (D) For purposes o f this paragra ph, the term 'qualified hy drologic un it' means a hydrologic unit(i) in which the water quality has been significantly affected by acid mine drainage f rom coa l mining pra ctices in a m anner w hich adver sely impa cts biological resources; and (ii) which contains lands and waters which are(I) eligible pursuant to section 404 and include any of the priorities stated in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 403(a); and (II) proposed to be the subject of the expenditures by the State (from amounts available from the forfeiture of bonds required under section 509 or from other State sources) to mitigate acid mine drainage. (8) Of the funds available for expenditure under this subsection in any fiscal year, the S ecretary s hall allocate a nnually not le ss than $2,00 0,000 for e xpenditure in each State, and for each Indian tribe, having an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursu ant to section 405 and eligible lands an d waters pursuan t to section 404 so long as an allocation of funds to such State or such tribe is necessary to achieve the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(g) amended September 13, 1982, May 7, 1987 and November 5, 1990 and May 18, 1992 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(h)(1) In the case of an y fiscal year beginning o n or after O ctober 1, 19 95, with respect to which fees are required to be paid under this section, the Secretary shall, as of the beginning of such fiscal year and before any allocation under subsection (g), make the transfer provided in paragraph (2). (2) The Secretary shall transfer from the fund to the United Mine Workers of America Combined Benefit Fund established under section 9702 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for any fiscal year an amount equal to the sum of -(A) the amount of the interest which the Secretary estimates will be earned and paid to the F und during the fiscal year, plus

23

Sec. 402 (B) the am ount by w hich the am ount describ ed in subpa ragraph (A ) is less than $70,000,000. (3)(A) The aggregate amount which may be transferred under paragraph (2) for any fiscal year shall not exceed the amount of expenditures which the trustees of the Combined Fund estimate will be debited against the unassigned beneficiaries premium account under section 9704(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for the fiscal year of the Combined Fund in which the transfer is made. (B) The aggregate amount which may be transferred under paragraph (2)(B) for all fiscal years shall not exceed an amount equivalent to all interest earned and paid to the fund after September 30, 1992, and before October 1, 1995. (4) If, for any fiscal year, the amount transferred is more or less than the amount required to be transferred, the Secretary shall appropriately adjust the amount transferred for the next fiscal year. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 402(h) added October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OBJECTIVES OF FUND [30 U.S.C. 1233] SEC. 403. (a) Expenditure of moneys from the fund on lands and water eligible pursuant to section 404 for the purposes of this title, except as provided for under section 411, shall reflect the following priorities in the order stated: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 403(a) amended November 5, 1990 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(1) the protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and property from extreme danger of adverse effects of coal mining practices; (2) the protection of public health, safe ty, and general w elfare from adve rse effects of coal mining practices; (3) the restoration of land and water resources and the environment previously degraded by adverse effects of coal mining practices including measures for the conservation and development of soil, water (excluding channelization), woodland, fish and wildlife, recreation resources, and agricultural productivity; (4) the protection, repair, replacement, construction, or enhancement of public facilities such as utilities, r oads, recr eation, and conserva tion facilities adv ersely affected by coal mining practices; and (5) the development of publicly owned land adversely affected by coal mining practices inc luding land a cquired as provided in this title for recre ation and histo ric purposes, conserva tion, and reclamation pu rposes and open spa ce benefits. (b)(1) Any State or Indian tribe not certified under section 411(a) may expend up to 30 percent of the funds allocated to such State or Indian tribe in any year through the grants made available under paragraphs (1) and (5) of section 402(g) for the

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Sec. 403 purpose of protecting, repairing, replacing, constructing, or enhancing facilities relating to water supply, including water distribution facilities and treatment plants, to replace water supplies adve rsely affected by coal m ining practices. (2) If the adverse effect on water supplies referred to in this subsection occurred both prior to and after August 3, 1977, or as the case may be, the dates (and under the criteria) set forth under section 402(g)(4)(B) section 404 shall not be construed to prohibit a State or Indian tribe referred to in paragraph (1) from using funds referred to in such paragraph for the purposes of this subsection if the State or Indian tribe determines that such adverse effects occurred predominantly prior to August 3, 1977, or as the case may be, the dates (and under the criteria) set forth under section 402(g)(4)(B). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 403(b) added November 5, 1990 and amen ded October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) For the purposes of assisting in the planning and evaluation of reclamation projects pur suant to sectio n 405, and assisting in m aking the ce rtification refe rred to in section 411(a), the Secretary shall maintain an inventory of eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 which meet the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a). Under standardized procedures established by the Secretary, States and Indian tribes with approved abandoned mine reclamation programs pursuant to section 405 may offer amendments to update the inventory as it applies to eligible lands and waters under the jurisdiction of such States or tribes. The Secretary shall provide such States and tribes with the financial and technical assistance necessary for the purpose of making inventory amendments. The Secretary shall compile and maintain an inventory for States and Indian lands in the case when a State or Indian tribe does not have an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. On a regular basis, but not less than annually, the projects completed under this title shall be so noted on the inventory under standardized procedures established by the Secretary. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 403(c) added November 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ELIGIBLE LANDS AND WATER [30 U.S.C. 1234] SEC. 404. Lands and water eligible for reclamation or drainage abatement expenditures under this title are those which were mined for coal or which were affected by such mining, wastebanks, coal processing, or other coal mining processes, except as provided for under section 411 and abandoned or left in an inadequate reclamation status prior to the date of enactment of this Act, and for which there is no continuing reclamation responsibility under State or other Federal laws.

25

Sec. 404 For other provisions relating to lands and waters eligible for such expenditures, see section 402(g)(4), section 403(b)(1), and section 409. Surface coal mining operations on lands eligible for remining shall not affect the eligibility of such lands for reclamation and restoration under this title after the release of the bond or deposit for any such operation as provided under section 519. In the event the bond or deposit for a surface co al mining o peration on lands eligible f or remin ing is forfeited , funds ava ilable under this title m ay be used if the amou nt of such bo nd or depo sit is not sufficien t to provide for adequate reclamation or abatement, except that if conditions warrant the Secretary shall immediately exercise his authority under section 410. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 404 amended Novembe r 5, 1990 and October 24, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STATE RECLAMAT ION PROGRAMS [30 U.S.C. 1235] SEC. 405. (a) Not late r than the en d of the one hundred a nd eighty day period immed iately follow ing the date o f enactm ent of this A ct, the Secr etary shall promulgate and publish in the Federal Register regulations covering implementation of an abandoned mine reclamation program incorporating the provisions of title IV and establishing procedures and requirements for preparation, submission, and approval of State programs consisting of the plan and annual submissions of projects. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 405(a) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) Each State having within its borders coal mined lands eligible for reclamation under this title, may submit to the Secretary a State Reclamation Plan and annual projects to carry out the purposes of this title. (c) The Secretary shall not approve, fund, or continue to fund a State abandoned mine reclamation program unless that State has an approved State regulatory program pursuant to section 503 of this Act. (d) If the Secretary determines that a State has developed and submitted a program for reclam ation of aba ndoned m ines and ha s the ability and necessary State legislation to implem ent the prov isions of this title, sec tions 402 and 410 exce pted, the Se cretary sha ll approve such State program and shall grant to the State exclusive responsibility and authority to implement the provisions of the approved program: Provided, That the Secretary shall withdraw such approval and authorization if he determines upon the basis of inform ation provid ed under th is section that the State progr am is not in compliance with the procedures, guidelines, and requirements established under subsection 405(a).

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Sec. 405 (e) Each State Reclamation Plan shall generally identify the areas to be reclaimed, the purposes for which the reclamation is proposed, the relationship of the lands to be reclaimed and the proposed reclamation to surrounding areas, the specific criteria for ranking an d identifying p rojects to be f unded, an d the legal au thority and pr ogramm atic capability to perform such work in conformance with the provisions of this title. (f) On an annual basis, each State having an approved State Reclamation Plan may submit to the Secretary an application for the support of the State program and implementation of specific reclamation projects. Such annual requests shall include such information as may be requested by the Secretary including: (1) a general description of each proposed project; (2) a priority evaluation of each proposed project; (3) a statement of the estimated benefits in such terms as: number of acres restored, miles of stream improved, acres of surface lands protected from subsidence, population protected from subsidence, air pollution, hazar ds of mine and coa l refuse disposal area fires; (4) an estimate of the cost for each proposed project; (5) in the case of proposed research and demonstration projects, a description of the specific techniques to be evaluated or objective to be attained; (6) an identification of lands or interest therein to be acquired and the estimated cost; and (7) in each year after the first in which a plan is filed under this title, an inventory o f each pro ject funded under the p revious yea r's grant: w hich invento ry shall include details of financial expenditures on such project together with a brief description of each such project, including project locations, landowner's name, acreage, type of reclamation performed. (g) The costs for each proposed project under this section shall include: actual construction costs, actual opera tion and maintenanc e costs of permane nt facilities, planning and engineering costs, construction inspection costs, and other necessary administrative expenses. (h) Upon approval of State Reclamation Plan by the Secretary and of the surface mine regulatory program pursuant to section 503, the Secretary shall grant, on an annual basis, funds to be expended in such State pursuant to subsection 402(g) and which are necessary to implement the State reclamation program as approved by the Secretary. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 405(h) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(i) The Secretary, through his designated agents, will monitor the progress and quality of the p rogram . The State s shall not be re quired at the start of any pr oject to submit complete copies of plans and specifications. (j) The Secretary shall require annual and other reports as may be necessary to be submitted b y each Sta te administe ring the app roved State reclama tion program with

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Sec. 405 funds provided under this title. Such reports shall include that information which the Secretary deems necessary to fulfill his responsibilities under this title. (k) Indian tribes having within their jurisdiction eligible lands pursuant to section 404 or from which coal is produced, shall be considered as a "State" for the purposes of this title except for purposes of subsection (c) of this section with respect to the Navajo, Hopi and Crow Indian Tribes. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 405(k) amended July 11, 1987. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(l) No State shall be liable under any provision of Federal law for any costs or damag es as a resu lt of action take n or omitted in the course of carrying out a State abandoned mine reclamation plan approved under this section. This subsection shall not preclude liability for costs or damages as a result of gross negligence or intentional misconduct by the State. For purposes of the preceding sentence, reckless, willful, or wanton misconduct shall constitute gross negligence. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 405(l) added November 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RECLAMATION OF R URAL LANDS [30 U.S.C. 1236] SEC. 406. (a) In order to provide for the control and prevention of erosion and sediment damages from unreclaimed mined lands, and to promote the conservation and development of soil and water resources of unreclaimed mined lands and lands a ffected by mining, the Secretary of Agricu lture is author ized to enter into agreements of not more than ten years with landowners (including owners of water rights), reside nts, and tena nts, and indiv idually or co llectively, dete rmined b y him to have control for the period of the agreement of lands in question therein, providing for land stabilization, erosion, and sediment control, and reclamation through conservation treatment, including measures for the conservation and development of soil, water (excluding stream channelization), woodland, wildlife, and recreation resources, and agricultural productivity of such lands. Such agreements shall be made by the Secretary with the owners, including owners of water rights, residents, or tenants (collectively or individually) of the lands in question. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 406(a) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) The lan downe r, including th e owne r of wate r rights, reside nt, or tenant sh all furnish to the S ecretary o f Agricultu re a conse rvation and developm ent plan setting forth the proposed land uses and conservation treatment which shall be mutually agreed by the Secretary of Agriculture and the landowner, including owner of water

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Sec. 406 rights, resident, or tenant to be needed on the lands for which the plan was prepared. In those instanc es wher e it is determ ined that the w ater rights or w ater supply o f a tenant, landown er, including owner o f water rig hts, resident, or tenant ha ve been a dversely affected by a surface or underground coal mine operation which has removed or disturbed a stratum so as to significantly affect the hydrologic balance, such plan may include proposed measures to enhance water quality or quantity by means of joint action with other affected la ndowne rs, including o wner of water rig hts, residents, or tenants in consultation with appropriate State and Federal agencies. (c) Such plan shall be incorporated in an agreement under which the landowner, including owner of water rights, resident, or tenant shall agree with the Secretary of Agriculture to effect the land uses and conservation treatment provided for in such plan on the lands described in the agreement in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof. (d) In return for such agreement by the landowner, including owner of water rights, resident, or tenant, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to furnish financial and other assistance to such landowner, including owner of water rights, resident. or tenant, in such amounts and subject to such conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture determines are appropriate in the public interest for carrying out the land use and conservation treatment set forth in the agreement. Grants made under this section, depending on the income-producing potential of the land after reclaiming, shall provide up to 80 per centum of the cost of carrying out such land uses and conservation treatment on not more than one hundred and twenty acres of land occupied by such owner, including water rights owners, residents, or tenant, or on not more than one hundred and tw enty acres of land w hich has been purch ased jointly by such landow ners, including water rights owners, residents, or tenants, under an agreement for the enhancement of water quality or quantity or on land which has been acquired by an appropria te State or loc al agency for the purp ose of imp lementing such agre ement; except the Secretary may reduce the matching cost share where he determines that (1) the main benefits to be derived from the project are related to improving offsite water quality, offsite esthetic values, or other offsite benefits, and (2) the matching share requirem ent would place a bur den on the la ndowne r which w ould proba bly preven t him from participating in the program: Provided, however, That the Secretary of Agriculture may allow for land use and conservation treatment on such lands occupied by any such owner in excess of such one hundred and twenty acre limitation up to three hundred and twenty acres, but in such event the amount of the grant to such landowner to carry out such reclamation on such lands shall be reduced proportionately. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section with reg ard to acreage limitations, the Secretary of Agriculture may carry out reclamation treatment projects to control erosion and improve water quality on all lands within a hydrologic unit, consisting of not more than 25,0 00 acres, if the Secretary determines that treatm ent of such lands as a hydrologic unit will achieve greater reduction in the adverse effects of past surface mining pr actices than would be achieved if reclama tion was do ne on individ ual parcels of land.

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Sec. 406 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 406(d) amended December 22, 1981 a nd November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(e) The Secretary of Agriculture may terminate any agreement with a landowner including water rights owners, operator, or occupier by mutual agreement if the Secretary of Agricu lture determ ines that such terminatio n would b e in the public interest, and may agr ee to such m odification of agreem ents previou sly entered in to hereunde r as he dee ms desira ble to carry out the purpo ses of this sectio n or to facilitate the practical administration of the program authorized herein. (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture, to the extent he deems it desirable to carry out the purposes of this section, may provide in any agreement hereinunder for (1) preservation for a period not to exceed the period covered by the agreement and an equal period thereafter of the cropland, crop acreage, and allotment history applicable to land covered by the agreement for the purpose of any Federal program under which such history is used as a basis for an allotment or other limitation on the production of such crop; or (2) surrender of any such history and allotments. (g) The Secretary of Agriculture shall be authorized to issue such rules and regulations as he determines are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. (h) In carry ing out the pro visions of this se ction, the Se cretary of A griculture sh all utilize the services of the Soil Conservation Service. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 406(i) repealed November 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ACQUISITION AND RECLAMATION OF LAND ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY PAST COAL M INING PRACTICES [30 U.S.C. 1237] SEC. 407. (a) If the Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, makes a finding of fact that (1) land or water resources have been adversely affected by past coal mining practices; and (2) the adve rse effects a re at a stage where, in the public inte rest, action to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent should be taken; and (3) the ow ners of the la nd or wa ter resourc es wher e entry m ust be ma de to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent the adverse effects of past coal mining practices are not known, or readily available; or (4) the owners w ill not give permission for the U nited States, the States, political subdivisions, their agents, employees, or contractors to enter upon such

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Sec. 407 property to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent the adverse effects of past coal mining practices; then, upon giving notice by mail to the owners if known or if not known by posting notice upon the prem ises and adv ertising once in a news paper of g eneral circ ulation in the municipality in which the land lies, the Secretary, his agents, employees, or contractor s, or the State pursuant to a n approve d State prog ram, sha ll have the righ t to enter upon the property adversely affected by past coal mining practices and any other property to h ave acce ss to such pro perty to do a ll things neces sary or exp edient to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent the adverse effects. Such entry shall be construed as an exercise of the police power for the protection of public health, safety, and gene ral welfa re and sha ll not be constr ued as an a ct of conde mnation o f property nor of trespass thereon. The moneys expended for such work and the benefits accruing to any such premises so entered upon shall be chargea ble against su ch land and shall mitigate or offset any c laim in or an y action bro ught by any owner o f any interes t in such premises for any alleged damages by virtue of such entry: Provided, however, That this provision is not intended to create new rights of action or eliminate existing immunities. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 407(a) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) The Secretary, his agents, employees, or contractors or the State pursuant to an approved State prog ram, shall have the righ t to enter upon any prope rty for the purpose of conduc ting studies or e xploratory work to d etermine the existenc e of adver se effects of past coal mining practices and to determine the feasibility of restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of such adverse effects. Such entry shall be construed as an exercise of the police power for the protection of public health, safety, and general welfare and sha ll not be construed as an act of c ondemnation of pr operty nor trespass thereon. (c) The Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, may acquire any land, by purcha se, donation, or condem nation, which is adverse ly affected by past coal minin g practices if the Secre tary determ ines that acq uisition of such land is necessary to successful reclamation and that(1) the acquired land, after restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of the adverse effects of past coal mining practices, will serve recreation and historic purposes, conservation and reclamation purposes or provide open space benefits; and (2) permanent facilities such as a treatment plant or a relocated stream channel w ill be construc ted on the lan d for the resto ration, recla mation, a bateme nt, control, or prevention of the adverse effects of past coal mining practices; or (3) acquisition of coal refu se disposal site s and all coa l refuse ther eon will serve the purposes of this title or that public ownership is desirable to meet emergency situations and prevent recurre nces of the adverse e ffects of past coal mining pra ctices.

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Sec. 407 (d) Title to all lands acquired pursuant to this section shall be in the name of the United States or, if acquired by a State pursuant to an approved program, title shall be in the nam e of the State . The price paid for land acquired u nder this sec tion shall reflect the market value of the land as adversely affected by past coal mining practices. (e) States ar e encoura ged as par t of their appr oved State program s, to reclaim abandon ed and unr eclaime d mined la nds within th eir bounda ries and, if ne cessary, to acquire or to transfer such lands to the Secretary or the appropriate State regulatory authority under appropriate Federal regulations. The Secretary is authorized to make grants on a matching basis to States in such amounts as he deems appropriate for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this title but in no event shall any grant exceed 90 per centum of the cost of acquisition of the lands for which the grant is made. When a State has made any such land available to the Federal Government under this title, such State sh all have a pr eference right to purch ase such lan ds after rec lamation a t fair market value less the State portion of the original acquisition price. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection (c), reclaimed land may be sold to the State or local gover nment in w hich it is located at a price less than fair m arket value , which in no case shall be less than the cost to the United States of the purchase and reclamation of the land, as negotiated by the Secretary, to be used for a valid public purpose. If any land sold to a S tate or local g overnm ent under th is paragrap h is not used fo r a valid public purp ose as spec ified by the Se cretary in the terms of the sales agree ment then all right, title, and interest in such land shall revert to the United States. Money received from such sale shall be deposited in the fund. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 407(e) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(f) The Se cretary, in f ormulatin g regulation s for mak ing grants to th e States to acquire lan d pursuant to this section, sha ll specify that a cquired lan d meet the criteria provided for in subsections (c) and (d) of this section. The Secretary may provide by regulation that money derived from the lease, rental, or user charges of such acquired land and facilities thereon will be deposited in the fund. (g)(1) Where land acquired pursuant to this section is deemed to be suitable for industrial, com mercial, residential, o r recreatio nal develop ment, the Secretary may sell or authorize the States to sell such land by public sale under a system of competitive bidding, at not less than fair market value and under such other regulations promulgated to insure that such lands are put to pro per use consistent with local an d State land use plans, if any, as determined by the Secretary. (2) The Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, when requested after appropriate public notice shall hold a public hearing, with the appropria te notice, in the county or c ounties or the appropria te subdivisions of the State in which la nds acquire d pursuant to this section are located. T he hearing s shall be held at a time w hich shall affo rd local citize ns and gov ernmen ts the maxim um oppo rtunity to participate in the decision concerning the use or disposition of the lands

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Sec. 407 after restora tion, reclam ation, abate ment, co ntrol, or pre vention of the adverse e ffects of past coal mining practices. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 407(g)(2) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(h) In addition to the authority to acquire land under subsection (d) of this section the Secretary is authorized to use money in the fund to acquire land by purchase, donation, or condem nation, and to reclaim and transfe r acquired land to any S tate or to a political subdivision thereof, or to any person, firm, association, or corporation, if he determin es that such is a n integral an d necessa ry eleme nt of an eco nomically feasible plan for the p roject to con struct or reh abilitate housin g for perso ns disabled a s the result of employment in the mines or work incidental thereto, persons displaced by acquisition of land pursuant to this section, or persons dislocated as the result of adverse effects of coal mining practices which constitute an emergency as provided in section 410 or persons dislocated as the result of natural disasters or catastrophic failures from any cause. Such activities shall be accomplished under such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall require, which may include transfers of land with or without monetary consideration: Provided, That, to the extent that the considera tion is below the fair market v alue of the la nd transfer red, no por tion of the diffe rence be tween the fair market value and the consideration shall accrue as a profit to such persons, firm, association, or corporation. No part of the funds provided under this title may be used to pay the actual construction costs of housing. The Secretary may carry out the purposes of this subsection directly or h e may ma ke grants and com mitments for gran ts, and may advance money under such terms and conditions as he may require to any State, or any department, agency, or instrumentality of a State, or any public body or nonprofit organization designated by a State.

LIENS [30 U.S.C. 1238] SEC. 408. (a) Within six months after the co mpletion o f projects to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent adverse effects of past coal mining practices on privately owned la nd, the Sec retary or the State, pursu ant to an app roved State program, shall itemize the moneys so expended and may file a statement thereof in the office of the county in which the land lies which has the responsibility under local law for the recording of judgments against land, together with a notarized appraisal by an independent appraiser of the value of the land before the restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of adverse effects of past coal mining practices if the moneys so expended shall result in a significant increase in property value. Such statement shall constitute a lien upon the said land. The lien shall not

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Sec. 408 exceed the amount determined by the appraisal to be the increase in the market value of the land as a result of the restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of the adverse effects of past coal mining practices. No lien shall be filed against the property of any person, in accordance with this subsection, who owned the surface prior to May 2, 1977, and who neither consented to nor participated in nor exercised control over the mining operation which necessitated the reclamation performed hereunder. (b) The lan downe r may pr oceed as p rovided by local law to petition within sixty days of the filing of the lien, to determine the increase in the market value of the land as a result of the restoration, reclam ation, abatement, co ntrol, or prevention of the adve rse effects of past coal mining practices. The amount reported to be the increase in value of the premises shall constitute the amount of the lien and shall be recorded with the statement herein provided. Any party aggrieved by the decision may appeal as provided by local law. (c) The lien provided in this section shall be entered in the county office in which the land lies an d which h as responsib ility under loca l law for the recording of judgme nts against land. Such statement shall constitute a lien upon the said land as of the date of the expenditure of the moneys and shall have priority as a lien second only to the lien of real estate taxes imposed upon said land.

FILLING VOIDS AND SEALING TUNNELS [30 U.S.C. 1239] SEC. 409. (a) The Congress declares that voids, and open and abandoned tunnels, shafts, and entryways resulting from any previous mining operation, constitute a hazard to the public health or safety and that surface impacts of any underground or surface mining operation may degrade the environment. The Secretary, at the reque st of the Go vernor of a ny State, or th e governin g body of a n Indian tribe , is authorized to fill such voids, seal such abandoned tunnels, shafts, and entryways, and reclaim surface impacts of underground or surface mines which the Secretary determines could endanger life and property, constitute a hazard to the public health and safety, or degrade the environment. State regulatory authorities are authorized to carry out such work pursuant to an approved abandoned mine reclamation program. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 409(a) amended November 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 409 (b) Funds available for use in carrying out the purpose of this section shall be limited to those funds which must be allocated to the respective States or Indian tribes under the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (5) of section 402(g). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 409(b) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c)(1) Th e Secreta ry may m ake expe nditures and carry out the purposes o f this section in such States where requests are made by the Governor or governing body of an Indian tribe for those reclamation projects which meet the priorities stated in section 403(a)(1), except that for the purposes of this section the reference to coal in section 403(a)(1) shall not apply. (2) The provisions of section 404 shall apply to this section, with the exception that such mined lands need not have been mined for coal. (3) The Secretary shall not make any expenditures for the purposes of this section in those States which have made the certification referred to in section 411(a). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 409(c) amended November 5, 1990. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(d) In those instances where mine waste piles are being reworked for conservation purposes, the incremental costs of disposing of the wastes from such operations by filling voids and sealing tunnels may be eligible for funding providing that the disposal of these wastes meets the purposes of this section. (e) The Secretary may acquire by purchase, donation, easement, or otherwise such interest in land as he determines necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

EMERGENCY PO WERS [30 U.SC. 1240] SEC. 410. (a) The Secretary is authorized to expend moneys from the fund for the emergency restoration, reclamation, abatement, control, or prevention of adverse effects of coa l mining practices, on eligible lands, if the S ecretary make s a finding of fact that (1) an emergency exists constituting a danger to the public health, safety, or general welfare; and (2) no other person or agency will act expeditiously to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent the adverse effects of coal mining practices. (b) The S ecretary, his agents, em ployees, an d contracto rs shall have the right to enter upon any land where the emergency exists and any other land to have access to the land where the emergency exists to restore, reclaim, abate, control, or prevent the adverse e ffects of coa l mining pra ctices and to do all things ne cessary or expedient to protect the public health, safety, or general welfare. Such entry shall be construed as

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Sec. 410 an exercise of the police power and shall not be construed as an act of condemnation of property n or of trespa ss thereof. T he mone ys expend ed for such work an d the benef its accruing to any such premises so entered upon shall be chargeable against such land and shall mitigate or offset any claim in or any action brought by a ny owner of an y interest in such premises for any alleged damages by virtue of such entry: Provided, however, That this provision is not intended to create new rights of action or eliminate existing immunities.

CERTIFICATION [30 U.S.C. 1240(a)] SEC. 411. (a) The Governor of a State, or the head of a governing body of an Indian tribe, with an approved abandoned mine reclamation program under section 405 may certify to the Secretary that all of the priorities stated in section 403(a) for eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 have been achieved. The Secretary, after notice in the Federal Register and opportunity for public comment, shall concur with such certification if the Secretary determines that such certification is correct. (b) If the Secretary has concurred in a State or tribal certification under subsection (a), for pur poses of de termining the eligibility of lan ds and w aters for an nual grants under section 402(g)(1), section 404 shall not apply, and eligible lands, waters, and facilities shall be those(1) which were mined or processed for minerals or which were affected by such mining or processing, and abandoned or left in an inadequate reclamation status prior to August 3, 1977; and (2) for which there is no continuing reclamation responsibility under State or other Federal law s. In determining the eligibility under this subse ction of Federal lands, waters, and facilities under the jurisdiction of the Forest Service or Bureau of Land Management, in lieu of the August 3, 1977, date referred to in paragraph (1) the applicable date shall be August 28, 1974, and November 26, 1980, respectively. (c) Expe nditures of m oneys for la nds, wate rs, and fac ilities referred to in subsection (b ) shall reflect th e following objectives a nd priorities in th e order state d (in lieu of the priorities set forth in section 403): (1) The pr otection of pu blic health, sa fety, gene ral welfa re, and pro perty from extrem e danger of adver se effects of mineral m ining and processing prac tices. (2) The protection of pu blic health, safety, and gener al welfare from adverse effects of mineral mining and processing practices. (3) The restoration of land and water resources and the environment previously degraded by the adverse effec ts of mineral mining an d processing practices. (d) Sites and areas desig nated for re medial ac tion pursuan t to the Uran ium M ill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7901 and following) or which

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Sec. 411 have been listed for remedial action pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Respons e Com pensation a nd Liability A ct of 1980 (4 2 U.S.C . 9601 and following) shall not be eligible for expenditures from the Fund under this section. (e) Recla mation pr ojects involvin g the protec tion, repair, r eplacem ent, construction, or enhanc ement of utilities, such as those relating to w ater supply, roads, and such other facilities serving the public adversely affected by mineral mining and processing practices, and the construction of public facilities in communities impacted by coal or other mineral mining and processing practices, shall be deemed part of the objectives set forth, and undertaken as they relate to, the priorities stated in subsection (c). (f) Notwithstanding subsection (e), where the Secretary has concurred in the certification referenced in subsection (a) and where the Governor of a State or the head of a governing body of an Indian tribe determines there is a need for activities or construction of specific public facilities related to the coal or minerals industry in States impacted by coal or minerals development and the Secretary concurs in such need, then the State or In dian tribe, as the case m ay be, m ay use ann ual grants m ade availa ble under section 402(g)(1) to carry out such activities or construction. (g) The provisions of sections 407 and 408 shall apply to subsections (a) through (e) of this sectio n, except th at for purpo ses of this sectio n the refere nces to coa l in sections 407 and 408 shall not apply. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: New section 411 added Novem ber 5, 1990. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FUND REPORT [30 U.S.C. 1241] SEC. 412. Not later than January 1, 1978, and annually thereafter, the Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, shall report to the Congress on operations under the fund together with his recommendations as to future uses of the fund. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 412, Fund Report renumbered from Section 411. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MISCELLANEOUS POW ERS [30 U.S.C. 1242] SEC. 413. (a) The Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, shall have the power and authority, if not granted it otherwise, to engage in any work and to do all things necessary or expedient, including

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Sec. 413 promulgation of rules and regulations, to implement and administer the provisions of this title. (b) The Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, shall have the power and authority to engage in cooperative projects under this title with any other agency of the United States of America, any State and their governmental agencies. (c) The Secretar y or the State pursuant to an ap proved State program , may request the Attorney General, who is hereby authorized to initiate, in addition to any other remedie s provided f or in this title, in any court of com petent jurisdic tion, an action in equity for an injunction to re strain any inte rference with the ex ercise of the right to enter or to conduct any work provided in this title. (d) The Secretary or the State pursuant to an approved State program, shall have the power and authority to construct and operate a plant or plants for the control and treatment of water pollution resulting from mine drainage. The extent of this control and treatment may be dependent upon the ultimate use of the water: Provided, That the above provisions of this paragraph shall not be deemed in any way to repeal or supersede any portion of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C.A. 1151, et seq. as amended) and no control or treatment under this subsection shall in any way be less than that required under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. The construction of a plant or plants may include major interceptors and other facilities appurtenant to the plant. (e) The S ecretary m ay transfer funds to othe r appropria te Federa l agencies, in order to carry out the reclamation activities authorized by this title. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 413, Miscellaneous Powers renumbered from Section 412. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INTERAGENCY COOPERATION [30 U.S.C. 1243] SEC. 414. All departments, boards, commissioners, and agencies of the United States of America shall cooperate with the Secretary by providing technical expertise, personnel, equipment, materials, and supplies to implement and administer the provisions of this title. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 414, Interagency Cooperation renumbered from Section 413. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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TITLE V -- CONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING

ENVIRONMENTA L PROTECTION STANDARD S [30 U.S.C. 1251] SEC. 501. (a) Not later than the end of the ninety-day period immed iately follow ing the date o f enactm ent of this A ct, the Secr etary shall pr omulgate and publish in the Federal Register regulations covering an interim regulatory procedure for surface coal mining and reclamation operations setting mining and reclamation performance standards based on and incorporating the provisions set out in section 502(c) of this Act. The issuance of the interim regulations shall be deemed not to be a major Federal action within the meaning of section 102(2)(c) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332). Such regulations, which shall be concise and written in plain, understandable language shall not be promulgated and published by the Secretary until he has (A) published proposed regulations in the Federal Register and afforded interested persons and State and local governments a period of not less than thirty days after such publication to submit written comments thereon; (B) obtained the written concurrence of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency with respect to those regulations promulgated under this section which relate to air or water quality standards promulgated under the authority of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1151-1175); and the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1857 et seq.); and (C) held at least one public hearing on the proposed regulations. The date, time, and place of any hearing held on the proposed regulations shall be set out in the pub lication of the p roposed re gulations. T he Secre tary shall con sider all comments and relevant data presented at such hearing before final promulgation and publication of the regulations. (b) Not late r than one y ear after the enactme nt of this Ac t, the Secre tary shall promulgate and publish in the Federal Register regulations covering a permanent regulatory procedure for surface coal mining and reclamation operations performance standards based on and conforming to the provisions of title V and establishing procedur es and req uiremen ts for prepa ration, subm ission, and ap proval of Sta te programs; and development and implementation of Federal program s under the title. The Sec retary shall p romulga te these reg ulations, w hich shall be c oncise and written in plain, understandable language in accordance with the procedures in section 501(a).

ABANDONED COAL REFUSE SITES [30 U.S.C. 1251a]

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Sec. 501 (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Surface Mining Control a nd Recla mation A ct of 1977 to th e contrary , the Secre tary of the In terior shall, within one year after the enactment of this Act, publish proposed regulations in the Federal Register, a nd after opportunity for public co mment pub lish final regulations, establishing environmental protection performance and reclamation standards, and separate permit systems applicable to operations for the on-site reprocessing of abandoned coal refuse and operations for the removal of abandoned coal refuse on lands that would otherwise be eligible for expenditure under section 404 and section 402(g)(4) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. (2) The sta ndards an d permit sy stems refe rred to in par agraph (1 ) shall distinguish between those operations which reprocess abandoned coal refuse on-site, and those operations which completely remove abandoned coal refuse from a site for the direct use of such coal refuse, or for the reprocessing of such coal refuse, at another location. Such standards and permit systems shall be premised on the distinct differences between operations for the on-site reprocessing, and operations for the removal, of aba ndoned coal refuse a nd other types of surface coal mining operations. (3) The Secretary of the Interior may devise a different standard than any of those set forth in section 515 and section 516 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, and devise a separate permit system, if he determines, on a standard-b y-standard basis, that a dif ferent stand ard may facilitate the on -site reprocessing, or the removal, of abandoned coal refuse in a manner that would provide the same level of environmental protection as under section 515 and section 516. (4) Not later than 30 days prior to the publication of the proposed regulations referred to in this subsection, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate containing a detailed description of any environmental protection perform ance and reclama tion standard s and separ ate perm it systems, de vised pursu ant to this subsection.

INITIAL REGULATORY PROCEDU RES [30 U.S.C. 1252] SEC. 502. (a) No pe rson shall ope n or develo p any new or previous ly mined or abandoned site for surface coal mining operations on lands on which such operations are regulated by a State unless such person has obtained a permit from the State's regulatory authority. (b) All surface coal mining operations on lands on which such operations are regulated by a State which commence operations pursuant to a permit issued on or after six months from the d ate of enac tment of this A ct shall com ply, and suc h permits sh all contain term s requiring c omplianc e with, the p rovisions set o ut in

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Sec. 502 subsection (c ) of this section. Prior to final d isapprova l of a State pro gram or prior to promulgation of a Federal program or a Federal lands program pursuant to this Act, a State may issue such permits. (c) On and after nine months from the date of enactment of this Act, all surface coal minin g operation s on lands on which su ch operatio ns are regu lated by a Sta te shall comply with the provisions of subsections 515(b)(2), 515(b)(3), 515(b)(5), 515(b)(10), 515(b)(13), 515(b)(15), 515(b)(19), and 515(d) of this Act or, where a surface coal mining operation will remove an entire coal seam or seams running through the upper fraction of a mountain, ridge, or hill by removing all of the overburden and creating a level plateau or a gently rolling contour with no highwalls remaining, such operation shall comply with the requirements of section 515(c) (4) and (5) without regard to the requirements of section 515(b)(3) or 515(d) (2) and (3), with respect to lands from which overburden and the coal seam being mined have not been rem oved: Provided, however, That surface coal mining operations in operation pursuant to a permit issued by a State be fore the da te of enactm ent of this A ct, issued to a p erson as de fined in section 701(19) in existence prior to May 2, 1977 and operated by a person whose total annual production of coal from surface and underground coal mining operations does not excee d one hund red thousan d tons shall not b e subject to the provisions of this subsection except with reference to the provision of subsection 515(d)(1) until January 1, 1979. (d) Not later than two months following the approval of a State program pursuant to section 503 or the implementation of a Federal program pursuant to section 504, regardless of litigation contesting that approval or implementation, all operators of surface coal mines in expectation of operating such mines after the expiration of eight months from the approval of a State program or the implementation of a Federal program, shall file an application for a permit with the regulatory authority. Such application shall cover those lands to be mined after the expiration of eight months from the approval of a State program or the implementation of a Federal program. The regulatory authority sha ll process suc h application s and gran t or deny a p ermit w ithin eight months after the date of approval of the State program or the implementation of the Federal program, unless specially enjoined by a court of competent jurisdiction, but in no case later than forty-two months from the date of enactment of this Act. (e) Within six months after the da te of enactm ent of this A ct, the Secr etary shall implement a Federal enforcement program which shall remain in effect in each State as surface co al mining o perations ar e required to comply with the pro visions of this A ct, until the State program has been approved pursuant to this Act or until a Federal program has been implemented pursuant to this Act. The enforcement program shall (1) include inspections of surface coal mine sites which may be made (but at least one inspection for every site every six months), without advance notice to the mine operator and for the purpose of ascertaining compliance with the standards of subsections (b) and (c) above. The Secretary shall order any necessary enforcement

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Sec. 502 action to be im plemente d pursuant to the Feder al enforce ment pro vision of this title to correct violations identified at the inspections; (2) provide that upon receipt of inspection reports indicating that any surface coal mining operation has been found in violation of subsections (b) and (c) above, during not less than two consecutive State inspections or upon receipt by the Secretary of information which would give rise to reasonable belief that such standards are being violated by a ny surface coal minin g operation , the Secre tary shall ord er the imm ediate inspection of such operation by Federal inspectors and the necessary enforcement actions, if any, to be implemented pursuant to the Federal enforcement provisions of this title. When the Federal inspection results from information provided to the Secretary by any person, the Secretary shall notify such person when the Federal inspection is proposed to be carried out and such person shall be allowed to accompany the inspector during the inspection; (3) provide that the State regulatory agency file with the Secretary and with a designated Federal office centrally located in the county or area in which the inspected surface coal mine is located copies of inspection reports made; (4) provide that moneys authorized by section 712 shall be available to the Secretary prior to the approval of a State program pursuant to this Act to reimburse the State for conducting those inspections in which the standards of this Act are enforced and for the administration of this section; (5) for purposes of this section, the term "Federal inspector" means personnel of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement and such additional personnel of the United States Geological Survey, Bureau of Land Management, or of the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration so designated by the Secretary, or such other personnel of the Forest Service, Soil Conservation Service, or the Agricultu ral Stabilizatio n and Co nservation S ervice as a rranged b y appropr iate agreement w ith the Secretary on a reim bursable or other basis. (f) Following the final disapproval of a State program, and prior to promulgation of a Federal program or a Federal lands program pursuant to this Act, including judicial review of such a program, existing surface coal mining operations may continue surface mining operations pursuant to the provisions of section 502 of this Act. During such period no new permits shall be issued by the State whose program has been disapproved. Permits which lapse during such period may continue in full force and effect until promulgation of a Federal program or a Federal lands program.

STATE PROGRAMS [30 U.S.C. 1253] SEC. 503. (a) Each state in which there are or may be conducted surface coal mining operations on non-Federal lands, and which wishes to assume exclusive jurisdiction over the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations, except as p rovided in se ctions 521 an d 523 and title IV of this A ct, shall

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Sec. 503 submit to the Secretary , by the end of the eightee nth-mon th period be ginning on th e date of enactment of this Act, a State program which demonstrates that such State has the capability of carrying out the provisions of this Act and meeting its purposes through (1) a State law which provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations in accordance with the requirements of this Act; (2) a State law w hich provides sanctions for violations o f State laws, regulations, or conditions of permits concerning surface coal mining and reclamation operations, which sanctions shall meet the minimum requirements of this Act, including civil and criminal actions, forfeiture of bonds, suspensions, revocations, and withholdin g of perm its, and the issua nce of cea se-and-de sist orders by the State regulatory authority or its inspectors; (3) a State regulatory authority with sufficient administrative and technical personnel, and sufficient funding to enable the State to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations in accordance with the requirements of this Act; (4) a State law w hich provides for the effec tive implementations, maintena nce, and e nforcem ent of a per mit system , meeting the require ments of th is title for the regulations of surface coal mining and reclamation operations for coal on lands within the State; (5) establishment of a process for the designation of areas as unsuitable for surface coal mining in accordance with section 522 provided that the designation of Federal lands unsuitable for mining shall be performed exclusively by the Secretary after consultation with the State; and (6) establishment for the purposes of avoiding duplication, of a process for coordinating the review and issuance of permits for surface coal mining and reclamation operations with any other Federal or State permit process applicable to the proposed operations; and (7) rules and regulations consistent with regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to this Act. (b) The Secretary shall not approve any State program submitted under this section until he has (1) solicited and publicly disclosed the views of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the heads of other Federal agencies concerned with or having special expertise pertinent to the proposed State program; (2) obtained the written concurrence of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency with respect to those aspects of a State program which relate to air or water quality standards promulgated under the authority of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1151-1175), and the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U .S.C. 1857 et seq.); (3) held at least one public hearing on the State program within the State; and

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Sec. 503 (4) found that the State has the legal authority and qualified personnel necessary for the enforcement of the environmental protection standards. The Sec retary shall a pprove or disapprove a State prog ram, in w hole or in pa rt, within six full calendar months after the date such State program was submitted to him. (c) If the Secretary disapproves any proposed State program in whole or in part, he shall notify the State in writing of his decision and set forth in detail the reasons therefor. The State shall have sixty days in which to resubmit a revised State program or portion the reof. The Secretary shall approv e or disappr ove the res ubmitted S tate program or portion thereof within sixty days from the date of resubmission. (d) For the purposes of this section and section 504, the inability of a State to take any action the purpose of which is to prepare, submit or enforce a State program, or any portion thereof, because the action is enjoined by the issuance of an injunction by any court of competent jurisdiction shall not result in a loss of eligibility for financial assistance under titles IV and VII of this Act or in the imposition of a Federal program. Regulation of the surface coal mining and reclamation operations covered or to be covered b y the State pr ogram su bject to the injun ction shall be c onducted b y the State pursuant to section 502 of this Act, until such time as the injunction terminates or for one year, whichever is shorter, at which time the requirements of sections 503 and 504 shall again be fully applicable.

FEDERAL PROGRAM S [30 U.S.C. 1254] SEC. 504. (a) The Secretary shall prepare and, subject to the provisions of this section, promulgate and implement a Federal program for a State no later than thirty-four months after the date of enactment of this Act if such State -(1) fails to submit a State program covering surface coal mining and reclamation operations by the end of the eighteen month period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act; (2) fails to resubmit an acceptable State program within sixty days of disapproval of a proposed State program: Provided, That the Secretary shall not implement a Federal program prior to the expiration of the initial period allowed for submission of a State program as provided for in clause (1) of this subsection; or (3) fails to implement, enforce, or maintain its approved State program as provided for in this Act. If State com pliance w ith clause (1) o f this subsection requires an act of the Sta te legislature, the Secretary may exte nd the perio d of subm ission of a State program up to an additiona l six months. Promulg ation and im plementa tion of a Fed eral progra m vests the Secretary with exclusive jurisdiction for the regulation and control of surface coal mining an d reclam ation opera tions taking pla ce on lands within any State not in

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Sec. 504 compliance with this Act. After promulgation and implementation of a Federal program the Secretary shall be the regulatory authority. If a Federal program is implemented for a State, section 522(a), (c), and (d) shall not apply for a period of one year following the date of such implementation. In promulgating and implementing a Federal program for a particular State the Secretary shall take into consideration the nature of that State's terrain, climate, biological, chemical, and other relevant physical conditions. (b) In the event that a State has a State program for surface coal mining, and is not enforcing any part of such program, the Secretary may provide for the Federal enforcement, under the provisions of section 521, of that part of the State program not being enforced by such State. (c) Prior to promulgation and implementation of any proposed Federal program, the Secretary shall give adequate public notice and hold a public hearing in the affected State. (d) Perm its issued pursu ant to a prev iously appro ved State pr ogram sh all be valid but reviewable under a Federal program. Imm ediately following promulgation of a Federal program, the Secretary shall undertake to review such permits to determine that the require ments of th is Act are n ot violated. If th e Secreta ry determ ines any pe rmit to have been granted contrary to the requirements of this Act, he shall so advise the permittee and provide him an opportunity for hearing and a reasonable opportunity for submission of a new application a nd reason able time, within a tim e limit presc ribed in regulations promulgated pursuant to section 501(b), to conform ongoing surface mining and reclamation operations to the requirements of the Federal program. (e) A Sta te which h as failed to ob tain the appr oval of a Sta te program prior to implementation of a Federal program may submit a State program at any time after such implementation. Upon the submission of such a program, the Secretary shall follow the procedures set forth in section 503(b) and shall approve or disapprove the State program within six months after its submittal. Approval of a State program shall be based on the determination that the State has the capability of carrying out the provisions of this Act and meeting its purposes through the criteria set forth in section 503(a)(1) through (6). Until a State program is approved as provided under this section, the Federal program shall remain in effect and all actions taken by the Secretary pursuant to such Federal program , including the terms and conditions of any perm it issued thereu nder shall remain in effect. (f) Permits issued pursuant to the Federal program shall be valid under any superseding State program: Provided, That the F ederal per mittee sha ll have the righ t to apply for a S tate perm it to supersede his Federa l permit. T he State reg ulatory auth ority may review such permits to determine that the requirements of this Act and the approved State program are not violated. Should the State program contain additional requirements not contained in the Federal program, the permittee will be provided opportunity for hearing and a reasonable time, within a time limit prescribed

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Sec. 504 in regulations promulgated pursuant to section 501, to conform ongoing surface mining and reclamation operations to the additional State requirements. (g) Whe never a F ederal pro gram is pr omulgate d for a State pursuant to th is Act, any statutes or regulations of such State which are in effect to regulate surface mining and reclamation operations subject to this Act shall, insofar as they interfere with the achievement of the purposes and the requirements of this Act and the Federal program, be preempted and superseded by the Federal program. The Secretary shall set forth any State law or regulation which is preempted and superseded by the Federal program. (h) Any Federal program shall include a process for coordinating the review and issuance of permits for surface mining and reclamation operations with any other Federal or State permit process applicable to the proposed operation.

STATE LAWS [30 U.S.C. 1255] SEC. 505. (a) No State law or regulation in effect on the date of enactment of this Act, or which may become effective thereafter, shall be superseded by any provision of this Act or any regulation issued pursuant thereto, except insofar as such State law or regulation is inconsistent with the provisions of this Act. (b) Any provision of any State law or regulation in effect upon the date of enactment of this Act, or which may become effective thereafter, which provides for more stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of surface coal mining and reclamation operation than do the provisions of this Act or any regulation issued pursuant thereto shall not be construed to be inconsistent with this Act. The Secretary shall set forth any State law or regulation which is construed to be inconsistent with this Act. Any provision of any State law or regulation in effect on the date of enactment of this Act, or which may become effective thereafter, which provides for the control and regulation of surface mining and reclamation operations for which no provision is co ntained in this A ct shall not be c onstrued to b e inconsisten t with this A ct.

PERMITS [30 U.S.C. 1256] SEC. 506. (a) No later than eight months from the date on which a State program is approved by the Secretary, pursuant to section 503 of this Act, or no later than eight months from the date on which the Secretary has promulgated a Federal program for a State not having a State program pursuant to section 504 of this Act, no person shall engage in or carry out on lands within a State any surface coal

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Sec. 506 mining op erations unle ss such pers on has first ob tained a per mit issued b y such State pursuant to an approved State program or by the Secretary pursuant to a Federal program ; except a p erson con ducting surf ace coal m ining opera tions under a permit from the State regulatory authority, issued in accordance with the provisions of section 502 of this Act, may conduct such operations beyond such period if an application for a permit has been filed in accordance with the provisions of this Act, but the initial administrative decision has not been rendered. (b) All permits issued pursuant to the requirements of this Act shall be issued for a term not to exceed five years: Provided, That if the a pplicant dem onstrates tha t a specified longer term is reasonably needed to allow the applicant to obtain necessary financing fo r equipm ent and the o pening of the operation a nd if the applic ation is full and com plete for suc h specified lo nger term , the regulato ry authority m ay grant a p ermit for such longer term. A successor in interest to a permittee who applies for a new permit within thirty days of succeeding to such interest and who is able to obtain the bond coverage of the original permittee may continue surface coal mining and reclamation operations according to the approved mining and reclamation plan of the original permittee until such successor's application is granted or denied. (c) A permit shall terminate if the permittee has not commenced the surface coal mining operations covered by such permit within three years of the issuance of the permit: Provided, That the regulatory authority may grant reasonable extensions of time upon a showing that such extensions are necessary by reason of litigation precluding such commencement or threatening substantial economic loss to the permittee, or by reason of conditions beyond the control and without the fault or negligence of the permittee: Provided further, That in the case of a coal lease issued under the Federal Mineral Leasing Act, as amended, extensions of time may not extend beyond the period allowed for diligent development in accordance with section 7 of that Act: Provided further, That with respect to coal to be mined for use in a synthetic fuel facility or specific major electric generating facility, the permittee shall be deemed to have comm enced sur face min ing operatio ns at such tim e as the con struction of the synthetic fuel or generating facility is initiated. (d)(1) Any valid permit issued pursuant to this Act shall carry with it the right of successive renewal upon expiration with respect to areas within the boundaries of the existing permit. The holders of the permit may apply for renewal and such renewal shall be issued (provided that on application for renewal the burden shall be on the opponents of renewal), subsequent to fulfillment of the public notice requirements of sections 513 and 514 unless it is established that and written findings by the regulatory authority are made that (A) the terms and conditions of the existing permit are not being satisfactorily met; (B) the pre sent surfac e coal min ing and rec lamation o peration is no t in compliance with the environmental protection standards of this Act and the approved State plan or Federal program pursuant to this Act; or (C) the renewal requested substantially jeopardizes the operator's continuing responsibility on existing permit areas; 47

Sec. 506 (D) the op erator has n ot provided evidence that the perfo rmance bond in effect for said operation will continue in full force and effect for any renewal requested in such application as well as any additional bond the regulatory authority might require pursuant to section 509; or (E) any additional revised or updated information required by the regulatory authority has not been provided. Prior to the approval of any renewal of permit the regulatory authority shall provide notice to the appropriate public authorities. (2) If an app lication for re newal of a valid perm it includes a pr oposal to extend the mining operation beyond the boundaries authorized in the existing permit, the portion of the application for renewal of a valid permit which addresses any new land areas shall b e subject to the full standard s applicable to new ap plications und er this Act: Provided, however, That if the su rface coa l mining op erations auth orized by a permit issued pursuant to this Act were not subject to the standards contained in section 510(b)(5)(A) and (B) by reason of complying with the proviso of section 510(b)(5), then the portion of the application for renewal of the permit which addresses any new land areas previously identified in the reclamation plan submitted pursuant to section 508 shall not be subject to the standards contained in section 510(b)(5)(A) and (B). (3) Any permit renewal shall be for a term not to exceed the period of the original permit established by this Act. Application for permit renewal shall be made at least one hu ndred and twenty da ys prior to the e xpiration of th e valid perm it.

APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS [30 U.S.C. 1257] SEC. 507. (a) Each application for a surface coal mining and reclamation permit pursuant to an approved State program or a Federal program under the provisions of this Act shall be accompanied by a fee as determined by the regulatory authority. Such fee m ay be less than but shall not excee d the actual or anticipated cost of reviewing, administering, and enforcing such permit issued pursuant to a State or Federal program. The regulatory authority may develop procedures so as to enable the cost of the fee to be paid over the term of the permit. (b) The permit application shall be submitted in a manner satisfactory to the regulatory authority and shall contain, among other things -(1) the names and addresses of (A) the permit applicant; (B) every legal owner of record of the property (surface and mineral), to be mined; (C) the holders of record of any leasehold interest in the property; (D) any purchaser of record of the property under a real estate contract; and (E) the operator if he is a person different from the a pplicant; an d (F) if any o f these are b usiness entities o ther than a sin gle proprietor, the names and addresses of the principals, officers, and resident agent;

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Sec. 507 (2) the names and addresses of the owners of record of all surface and subsurface areas adjacent to any part of the permit area; (3) a statement of any current or previous surface coal mining permits in the United States held by the applicant and the permit identification and each pending application; (4) if the applicant is a partnership, corporation, association, or other business entity, the following where applicable: the names and addresses of every officer, partner, director, or person performing a function similar to a director, of the applicant, together with the name and address of any person owning, of record 10 per centum or more of any class of voting stock of the applicant and a list of all names under which the applicant, partner, or principal shareholder previously operated a surface mining operation within the United States within the five-year period preceding the date of submission of the application; (5) a statement of whether the applicant, any subsidiary, affiliate, or persons controlled by or under common control with the applicant, has ever held a Federal or State mining permit which in the five-year period prior to the date of submission of the application h as been sus pended or revoked o r has had a mining bo nd or simila r security deposited in lieu of bond forfeited and, if so, a brief explanation of the facts involved; (6) a copy of the applicant's advertisement to be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality of the proposed site at least once a week for four successive weeks, and which includes the ownership, a description of the exact location and bound aries of the p roposed site sufficient so tha t the propose d operation is readily locatable by local residents, and the location of where the application is available for public inspection; (7) a descr iption of the typ e and me thod of coa l mining op eration that e xists or is proposed, the engineering techniques proposed or used, and the equipment used or proposed to be used; (8) the anticipated or actual starting and termination dates of each phase of the mining operation and number of acres of land to be affected; (9) the applicant shall file with the regulatory authority on an accurate map or plan, to an appropriate scale, clearly showing the land to be affected as of the date of the application, the area of land within the permit area upon which the applicant has the legal right to enter and commence surface mining operations and shall provide to the regulatory authority a sta tement of those docu ments up on which the applican t bases his legal right to enter and commence surface mining operations on the area affected, and whether that right is the subject of pending court litigation: Provided, That noth ing in this Act sha ll be construe d as vesting in the regulato ry authority th e jurisdiction to adjudicate property title disputes; (10) the name of the watershed and location of the surface stream or tributary into which surface and pit drainage will be discharged; (11) a determination of the probable hydrologic consequences of the mining and reclam ation opera tions, both on a nd off the m ine site, with respect to the hydrologic regime, quantity and quality of water in surface and ground water systems

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Sec. 507 including the dissolved and suspended solids under seasonal flow conditions and the collection of sufficient data for the mine site and surrounding areas so that an assessme nt can be m ade by the r egulatory a uthority of the probable c umulative impacts of all anticipate d mining in the area up on the hydr ology of the a rea and pa rticularly upon water availability: Provided, however, That this determination shall not be required u ntil such time as hydrolog ic informa tion on the ge neral area prior to min ing is made available from an appropriate Federal or State agency: Provided further, That the permit sha ll not be appro ved until such informatio n is available a nd is incorpo rated into the application; (12) when requested by the regulatory authority, the climatological factors that are peculiar to the locality of the land to be affected, including the average seasonal precipitation, the average direction and velocity of prevailing winds, and the seasonal temperature ranges; (13) accurate maps to an appropriate scale clearly showing (A) the land to be affected as of the date of application and (B) all types of information set forth on topographical maps of the United States Geological Survey of a scale of 1:24,000 or 1:25,000 or larger, including all manmade features and significant known archeological sites existing on the date of application. Such a map or plan shall among other things specified by the regulatory authority show all boundaries of the land to be affected, the boundary lines and names of present owners of record of all surface areas abutting the permit ar ea, and the location of all b uildings with in one thousa nd feet of the permit area; (14) cross-sections, maps or plans of land to be affected, including the actual area to be mined, prepared by or under the direction of and certified by a qualified registered p rofessional e ngineer, o r profession al geologist, w ith assistance f rom exp erts in related fields such as land surveying and landscape architecture, showing pertinent elevation and location of test borings or core samplings and depicting the following information: the nature and depth of the various strata of overburden; the location of subsurface water, if encountered, and its quality; the nature and thickness of any coal or rider seam above the c oal seam to be mine d; the nature of the stratum immed iately beneath the coal seam to be mined; all mineral crop lines and the strike and dip of the coal to be mined, within the area of land to be affected; existing or previous surface mining limits; the location and e xtent of known w orkings of any underg round mines, including mine openings to the surface; the location of aquifers; the estimated elevation of the water table; the location of spoil, waste, or refuse areas and top-soil preservation areas; the location of all impoundments for waste or erosion control; any settling or water treatment facility; constructed or natural drainways and the location of any discharges to any surface body of water on the area of land to be affected or adjacent thereto; and profiles at appropriate cross sections of the anticipated final surface configuration that will be achieved pursuant to the operator's proposed reclamation plan;

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Sec. 507 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 507(b)(14) as affected by Pub. L. 98-146, November 4, 1983. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(15) a statement of the result of test borings or core samplings from the permit area, including logs of the drill holes; the thickness of the coal seam found, an analysis of the chemical properties of such coal; the sulfur content of any coal seam; chemical analysis of potentially acid or toxic forming sections of the overburden; and chemical analysis of the stratum lying immediately underneath the coal to be mined except that the provisions of this paragraph (15) may be waived by the regulatory authority with respect to the specific application by a written determination that such requirements are unnecessary; (16) for those lands in the permit application which a reconnaissance inspection suggests may be prime farm lands, a soil survey shall be made or obtained according to standards established by the Secretary of Agriculture in order to confirm the exact location of such prime farm lands, if any; and (17) information pertaining to coal seams, test borings, core samplings, or soil samples as required by this section shall be made available to any person with an interest which is or may be adversely affected: Provided, That information which pertains only to the analysis of the chemical and physical properties of the coal (excepting informatio n regardin g such m ineral or ele mental co ntent whic h is potentially toxic in the en vironme nt) shall be ke pt confiden tial and not m ade a m atter of public record. (c)(1) If the regulatory authority finds that the probable total annual production at all locations of a coal surface mining operator will not exceed 300,000 tons, the cost of the followin g activities, w hich shall be p erforme d by a qualifie d public or pr ivate laboratory or such other public or private qualified entity designated by the regulatory authority, shall be assumed by the regulatory authority upon the written request of the operator in connection with a permit application: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 507(c) amended November 5, 1990 and O ctober 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(A) The determination of probable hydrologic consequences required by subsection (b)(11), including the engineering analyses and designs necessary for the determination. (B) The development of cross-section maps and plans required by subsection (b)(14). (C) The geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings and core samplings required by subsection (b)(15). (D) The collection of archaeological information required by subsection (b)(13) and any other archaeological and historical information required by the regulatory authority, and the preparation of plans necessitated thereby. (E) Pre-blast surveys required by section 515(b)(15)(E).

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Sec. 507 (F) The collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats and other environmental values required by the regulatory authority under this Act. (2) The Secretary shall provide or assume the cost of training coal operators that meet the qualifications stated in paragraph (1) concerning the preparation of permit applications and compliance with the regulatory program, and shall ensure that qualified coal operators are aware of the assistance available under this subsection. (d) Each applicant for a permit shall be required to submit to the regulatory authority as part of the permit application a reclamation plan which shall meet the requirements of this Act. (e) Each applicant for a surface coal mining and reclamation permit shall file a copy of his application for public inspection with the recorder at the courthouse of the county or an appropriate public office approved by the regulatory authority where the mining is proposed to occur, except for that information pertaining to the coal seam itself. (f) Each applicant for a permit shall be required to submit to the regulatory authority as part of the permit application a certificate issued by an insurance company authorized to do busines s in the Unite d States cer tifying that the a pplicant has a public liability insurance policy in force for the surface mining and reclamation operations for which such permit is sought, or evidence that the applicant has satisfied other State or Federal self-insurance requirements. Such policy shall provide for personal injury and property damage protection in an amount adequate to compensate any persons damaged as a result of surface coal mining and reclamation operations including use of explosives and entitled to compensation under the applicable provisions of State law. Such policy shall be maintained in full force and effect during the terms of the permit or any renewal, including the length of all reclamation operations. (g) Each applicant fo r a surface coal minin g and recla mation pe rmit shall sub mit to the regulato ry authority a s part of the pe rmit applic ation a blasting plan whic h shall outline the procedures and standards by which the operator will meet the provisions of section 515(b)(15). (h) A coal operator that has received assistance pursuant to subsection (c) (1) or (2) shall reimburse the regulatory authority for the cost of the services rendered if the program administrator finds that the operator's actual and attributed annual production of coal for a ll locations exc eeds 300,0 00 tons durin g the 12 m onths imm ediately following the date on which the operator is issued the surface coal mining and reclama tion perm it. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 507(h) added October 24, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 508 RECLAMATION PLAN REQUIREMENTS [30 U.S.C. 1258] SEC. 508. (a) Each reclama tion plan subm itted as part of a permit application pursuant to any approved State program or a Federal program under the provisions of this Act shall include, in the degree of detail necessary to demonstrate that reclamation required by the State or Federal program can be accomplished, a statement of: (1) the identification of the lands subject to surface coal mining operations over the estimated life of those operations and the size, sequence, and timing of the subareas for which it is anticipated that individual permits for mining will be sought; (2) the condition of the land to be covered by the permit prior to any mining including: (A) the uses existing at the time of the application, and if the land has a history of previous mining, the uses which preceded any mining; and (B) the capability of the land prior to any mining to support a variety of uses giving consideration to soil and foundation characteristics, topography, and vegetative cover, and, if applicable, a soil survey prepared pursuant to section 507(b)(16); and (C) the pr oductivity of th e land prior to mining, inc luding appr opriate classification as prime farm lands, as well as the average yield of food, fiber, forage, or wood products from such lands obtained under high levels of management; (3) the use which is proposed to be made of the land following reclamation, including a d iscussion of the utility and cap acity of the re claimed la nd to suppor t a variety of alternative uses and the relationship of such use to existing land use policies and plans, a nd the com ments of a ny owne r of the surfa ce, State an d local gove rnments or agencies thereof which would have to initiate, implement, approve or authorize the proposed use of the land following reclamation; (4) a detailed description of how the proposed postmining land use is to be achieved and the necessary support activities which may be needed to achieve the proposed land use; (5) the engineering techniques proposed to be used in mining and reclamation and a description of the major equipment; a plan for the control of surface water drainage a nd of wa ter accum ulation; a plan , where appropria te, for back filling, soil stabilization, a nd comp acting, gra ding, and a ppropriate revegetatio n; a plan for soil reconstruc tion, replace ment, an d stabilization, pursuant to th e perform ance stand ards in section 515(b)(7)(A), (B), (C), and (D), for those food, forage, and forest lands identified in sections 515(b)(7); an estimate of the cost per acre of the reclamation, including a statement as to how the permittee plans to comply with each of the requirements set out in section 515; (6) the consideration which has been given to maximize the utilization and conservation of the solid fuel resource being recovered so that reaffecting the land in the future can be minimized;

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Sec. 508 (7) a detailed estimated timetable for the accomplishment of each major step in the reclamation plan; (8) the consideration which has been given to making the surface mining and reclamation operations consistent with surface owner plans, and applicable State and local land use plans and programs; (9) the steps to be taken to comply with applicable air and water quality laws and regulations and any applicable health and safety standards; (10) the consideration which has been given to developing the reclamation plan in a manner consistent with local physical environmental, and climatological conditions; (11) all lands, interests in lands, or options on such interests held by the applicant or pending bids on interests in lands by the applicant, which lands are contiguous to the area to be covered by the permit; (12) the results of test boring which the applicant has made at the area to be covered b y the perm it, or other eq uivalent infor mation an d data in a fo rm satisfac tory to the regulatory authority, including the location of subsurface water, and an analysis of the chemical properties including acid forming properties of the mineral and overburden: Provided, That information which pertains only to the analysis of the chemical and physical properties of the coal (excepting information regarding such mineral or elemental contents which is potentially toxic in the environment) shall be kept confidential and not made a matter of public record; (13) a detailed description of the measures to be taken during the mining and reclamation process to assure the protection of: (A) the quality of surface and ground water systems, both on- and off-site, from adverse effects of the mining and reclamation process; (B) the rights of present users to such water; and (C) the quantity of surface and ground water systems, both on-and off-site, from adverse effects of the mining and reclamation process or to provide alternative sources of water where such protection of quantity cannot be assured; (14) such other requirements as the regulatory authority shall prescribe by regulations. (b) Any in formation required b y this section w hich is not on p ublic file pursu ant to State law shall be held in confidence by the regulatory authority.

PERFORMANCE BO NDS [30 U.S.C. 1259] SEC. 509. (a) After a surface c oal mining and reclam ation perm it application h as been ap proved bu t before suc h a perm it is issued, the ap plicant shall file with the regulatory authority, on a form prescribed and furnished by the regulatory authority, a bond for performance payable, as appropriate, to the United States or to the State, and conditional upon faithful performance of all the

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Sec. 509 requirem ents of this A ct and the pe rmit. The bond shall co ver that are a of land w ithin the permit area upon which the operator will initiate and conduct surface coal mining and reclamation operations within the initial term of the permit. As succeeding increments of surface coal mining and reclamation operations are to be initiated and conducte d within the permit are a, the perm ittee shall file w ith the regula tory authority an additional bond or bonds to cover such increments in accordance with this section. The amount of the bond required for each bonded area shall depend upon the reclamation requirements of the approved permit; shall reflect the probable difficulty of reclamation giving consideration to such factors as topography, geology of the site, hydrology, and revegetation potential, and shall be determined by the regulatory authority. The amount of the bond shall be sufficient to assure the completion of the reclamation plan if the work had to be performed by the regulatory authority in the event of forfeiture and in no case shall the bond for the entire area under one permit be less than $10,000. (b) Liability under the bond shall be for the duration of the surface coal mining and reclamation operation and for a period coincident with operator's responsibility for revegetation requirements in section 515. The bond shall be executed by the operator and a corp orate surety licensed to do business in the State whe re such op eration is located, except that the operator may elect to deposit cash, negotiable bonds of the United States Government or such State, or negotiable certificates of deposit of any bank organized or transacting business in the United States. The cash deposit or market value of such securities shall be equal to or greater than the amount of the bond required for the bonded area. (c) The regulatory authority may accept the bond of the applicant itself without separate surety when the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the regulatory authority the existence of a suitable agent to receive service of process and a history of financial solvency and continuous operation sufficient for authorization to self-insure or bond such amount o r in lieu of the e stablishme nt of a bondin g program , as set forth in this section, the Secretary may approve as part of a State or Federal program an alternative system that will achieve the objectives and purposes of the bonding program pursuant to this section. (d) Cash or securities so deposited shall be deposited upon the same terms as the terms upon which surety bonds may be deposited. Such securities shall be security for the repaym ent of such n egotiable ce rtificate of de posit. (e) The amount of the bond or deposit required and the terms of each acceptance of the applicant's bond shall be adjusted by the regulatory authority from time to time as affected land acreages are increased or decreased or where the cost of future reclamation chan ges.

PERMIT APPROVAL OR DENIAL [30 U.S.C. 1260]

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Sec. 510 SEC. 510. (a) Upon the basis of a complete mining application and reclamation plan or a revision or renewal thereof, as required by this Act and pursuant to an appro ved State pr ogram o r Federa l program under the p rovisions of th is Act, including public notification and an opportunity for a public hearing as required by section 513, the regulatory authority shall grant, require modification of, or deny the application for a permit in a reasonable time set by the regulatory authority and notify the applicant in writing. The applicant for a permit, or revision of a permit, shall have the burden of establishing that his applica tion is in com pliance w ith all the requir ements of the applicable State or Federal program. Within ten days after the granting of a permit, the regulatory authority shall notify the local governmental officials in the local political subdivision in which the area of land to be affected is located that a permit has been issued and shall describe the location of the land. (b) No permit or revision application shall be approved unless the application affirmatively demonstrates and the regulatory authority finds in writing on the basis of the inform ation set forth in the applicatio n or from informatio n otherw ise available which will be documented in the approval, and made available to the applicant, that (1) the permit application is accurate and complete and that all the requirements of this Act and the State or Federal program have been complied with; (2) the applicant has demonstrated that reclamation as required by this Act and the State or Federal program can be accomplished under the reclamation plan contained in the permit application; (3) the assessment of the probable cumulative impact of all anticipated mining in the area on the hydrologic balance specified in section 507(b) has been made by the regulatory authority and the proposed operation thereof has been designed to prevent material damage to hydrologic balance outside permit area; (4) the area proposed to be mined is not included within an area designated unsuitable for surface coal mining pursuant to section 522 of this Act or is not within an area under study for such designation in an administrative proceeding commenced pursuant to section 522(a)(4)(D) or section 522(c) (unless in such an area as to which an administra tive procee ding has co mmen ced pursu ant to section 5 22(a)(4)(D ) of this Act, the operator making the permit application demonstrates that, prior to January 1, 1977, he has made substantial legal and financial commitments in relation to the operation for which he is applying for a permit); (5) the proposed surface coal mining operation, if located west of the one hundredth meridian west longitude, would (A) not interrupt, discontinue, or preclude farming on alluvial valley floors that are irrigated or naturally subirrigated, but, excluding undeveloped range lands which are not significant to farming on said alluvial valley floors and those lands as to which the regulatory authority finds that if the farming that will be interrupted, discontinued, or precluded is of such small acreage as to be of negligible impact on the farm's agricultural production, or

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Sec. 510 (B) not materially damage the quantity or quality of water in surface or underground water systems that supply these valley floors in (A) of subsection (b)(5): Provided, That this paragraph (5) shall not affect those surface coal mining operations which in the year preceding the enactment of this Act (I) produced coal in commercial quantities, and were located within or adjacent to alluvial valley floors or (II) had obtained specific permit approval by the State regulatory authority to conduct surface coal mining operations within said alluvial valley floors. With respect to such surface mining operations which would have been within the purview of the foreg oing proviso but for the fa ct that no coa l was so pr oduced in commercial quantities and no such specific permit approval was so received, the Secretary, if he determines that substantial financial and legal commitments were made by an oper ator prior to Ja nuary 1, 19 77, in conn ection with any such o peration, is authorized, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, to enter into an agreement with that operator pursuant to which the Secretary may, notwithstanding any other provision of law, lease other Federal coal deposits to such operator in exchang e for the relinquishmen t by such operator of his Fe deral lease covering coal deposits involving such mining operations, or pursuant to section 206 of Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, convey to the fee holder of any such coal deposits involving such mining operations the fee title to other available Federal coal deposits in exchange for the fee title to such deposits so involving such mining operations. It is the policy of the Congress that the Secretary shall develop and carry out a coal exchange program to acquire private fee coal precluded from being mined by the restrictions of this paragraph (5) in ex change for Fed eral coal which is not so precluded. Such exchanges shall be made under section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976; (6) in cases where the private mineral estate has been severed from the private surface estate, the applicant has submitted to the regulatory authority -(A) the written consent of the surface owner to the extraction of coal by surface mining methods; or (B) a conveyance that expressly grants or reserves the right to extract the coal by surface mining methods; or (C) if the conveyance does not expressly grant the right to extract coal by surface mining methods, the surface-subsurface legal relationship shall be determined in accordance with State law: Provided, That noth ing in this Ac t shall be cons trued to authorize the regulatory authority to adjudicate property rights disputes. (c) The a pplicant sha ll file with his pe rmit applic ation a sche dule listing any and all notices of violations of this Act and any law, rule, or regulation of the United States, or of any department or agency in the United States pertaining to air or water environmental protection incurred by the applicant in connection with any surface coal mining operation during the three-year period prior to the date of application. The schedule shall also indicate the final resolution of any such notice of violation. Where the schedule or other information available to the regulatory authority indicates that any surface co al mining o peration ow ned or con trolled by the a pplicant is cur rently in

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Sec. 510 violation of this Act or such other laws referred to this subsection, the permit shall not be issued un til the applican t submits pro of that such v iolation has be en correc ted or is in the proces s of being co rrected to the satisfaction of the regulato ry authority, departm ent, or agency which has jurisdiction over such violation and no permit shall be issued to an applicant after a finding by the regulatory authority, after opportunity for hearing, that the applicant, or the operator specified in the application, controls or has controlled mining operations with a demonstrated pattern of willful violations of this Act of such nature and duration w ith such resu lting irrepara ble dama ge to the env ironmen t as to indicate an intent not to comply with the provisions of this Act. (d)(1) In addition to finding the application in compliance with subsection (b) of this section, if the area prop osed to be m ined contain s prime fa rmland p ursuant to Section 507(b)(16), the regulatory authority shall, after consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, and pursuant to regulations issued hereunder by the Secretary of Interior with the concurrence of the Secretary of Agriculture, grant a permit to mine on prime farmland if the regulatory authority finds in writing that the operator has the technologic al capability to restore suc h mined a rea, within a reasona ble time, to equivalent or higher levels of yield as non-mined prime farmland in the surrounding area under equivalent levels of management and can meet the soil reconstruction standards in Section 515(b)(7). Except for compliance with subsection (b), the requirements of this paragraph (1) shall apply to all permits issued after the date of enactment of this Act. (2) Nothing in this subsection shall apply to any permit issued prior to the date of enactment of this Act, or to any revisions or renewals thereof, or to any existing surface mining op erations for which a p ermit w as issued prio r to the date o f enactm ent of this Act. (e) After the date of enactment of this subsection, the prohibition of subsection (c) shall not apply to a permit application due to any violation resulting from an unanticipated event or condition at a surface coal mining operation on lands eligible for remining under a pe rmit held by the person m aking such application. A s used in this subsection, the term 'violation' has the same meaning as such term has under subsection (c). The authority of this subsection and section 515(b)(20)(B) shall terminate on September 30, 2004. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 510(e) added October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------REVISION OF PERMITS [30 U.S.C. 1261] SEC. 511. (a)(1)During the term of the permit the permittee may submit an application for a revision of the permit, together with a revised reclamation plan, to the regulatory authority.

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Sec. 511 (2) An application for a revision of a permit shall not be approved unless the regulatory authority finds that reclamation as required by this Act and the State or Federal program can be accomplished under the revised reclamation plan. The revision shall be approved or disapproved within a period of time established by the State or Federal program. The regulatory authority shall establish guidelines for a determination of the scale or extent of a revision request for which all permit application information requirements and procedures, including notice and hearings, shall apply: Provided, That any revision s which p ropose sign ificant alteratio ns in the recla mation pla n shall, at a minimum, be subject to notice and hearing requirements. (3) Any extensions to the area covered by the permit except incidental boundary revisions must be made by application for another permit. (b) No transfer, assignment, or sale of the rights granted under any permit issued pursuant to this Act shall be made without the written approval of the regulatory authority. (c) The regulatory authority shall within a time limit prescribed in regulations promulgated by the regulatory authority, review outstanding permits and may require reasonable revision or modification of the permit provisions during the term of such permit: Provided, That such revision or modification shall be based upon a written finding and subject to notice and hearing requirements established by the State or Federal program.

COAL EXPLORATION PERM ITS [30 U.S.C. 1262] SEC. 512. (a) Each State or Federal program shall include a requirement that coal exploration operations which substantially disturb the natural land surface be conducted in accordance with exploration regulations issued by the regulatory authority. Such regulations shall include, at a minimum (1) the requirement that prior to conducting any exploration under this section, any person must file with the regulatory authority notice of intention to explore and such notice shall include a description of the exploration area and the period of supposed exploration and (2) provisions for reclamation in accordance with the performance standards in section 515 of this Act o f all lands disturb ed in explor ation, includin g excava tions, roads, drill holes, and the removal of necessary facilities and equipment. (b) Information submitted to the regulatory authority pursuant to this subsection as confidential concerning trade secrets or privileged commercial or financial information which relates to the competitive rights of the person or entity intended to explore the described area shall not be available for public examination. (c) Any p erson w ho conduc ts any coal e xploration a ctivities whic h substantially disturb the natural land surface in violation of this section or regulations issued pursuant thereto shall be subject to the provisions of section 518.

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Sec. 512 (d) No operator shall remove more than two hundred and fifty tons of coal pursuant to an exploration permit without the specific written approval of the regulatory authority. (e) Coal exploration on Federal lands shall be governed by section 4 of the Federal Coal Leasing Amendm ents Act of 1975 (90 Stat. 1085).

PUBLIC NOTICE AND PUBLIC HEARINGS [30 U.S.C. 1263] SEC. 513. (a) At the time of submission of an application for a surface coal mining and reclamation permit, or revision of an existing permit, pursuant to the provisio ns of this Ac t or an appr oved State program , the applica nt shall subm it to the regulatory authority a copy of his advertisement of the ownership, precise location, and boundaries of the land to be affected. At the time of submission such advertisement shall be placed by the applicant in a local newspaper of general circulation in the locality of the proposed surface mine at least once a week for four consecutive weeks. The regulatory authority shall notify various local governmental bodies, planning agencies, and sew age and w ater treatm ent authoritie s, of wate r compa nies in the loca lity in which the proposed surface mining will take place, notifying them of the operator's intention to surface mine a particularly described tract of land and indicating the application's permit number and where a copy of the proposed mining and reclamation plan may be inspected. These local bodies, agencies, authorities, or companies may submit written comments within a reasonable period established by the regulatory authority on the mining applications with respect to the effect of the proposed operation on the envir onment w hich are w ithin their area of responsib ility. Such com ments sha ll immediately be transmitted to the applicant by the regulatory authority and shall be made available to the public at the same locations as are the mining applications. (b) Any person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected or the officer or h ead of any Federal, State, or loca l governm ental agenc y or authority shall have the right to file written objections to the proposed initial or revised application for a permit fo r surface c oal mining and reclam ation opera tion with the r egulatory a uthority within thirty d ays after the last publication of the abov e notice. Su ch objection s shall immediately be transmitted to the applicant by the regulatory authority and shall be made available to the public. If written objections are filed and an informal conference requested , the regulato ry authority s hall then hold an inform al confere nce in the loc ality of the proposed mining, if requested within a reasonable time of the receipt of such objections or request. The date, time and location of such informal conference shall be advertised by the regulatory authority in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality at least two weeks prior to the scheduled conference date. The regulatory authority may arrange with the applicant upon request by any party to the administrative proceeding access to the proposed mining area for the

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Sec. 513 purpose of gathering information relevant to the proceeding. An electronic or stenograp hic record shall be ma de of the co nference proceedin g, unless w aived by all parties. Such record shall be maintained and shall be accessible to the parties until final release of the applicant's performance bond. In the event all parties requesting the informal conference stipulate agreement prior to the requested informal conference and withdraw their request, such informal conference need not be held. (c) Where the lands included in an application for a permit are the subject of a Federal coal lease in connection with which hearings were held and determinations were made under sections 2(a)(3)(A), (B) and (C) of the Mineral Lands Leasing Act, as amend ed (30 U. S.C. 201 (a) (3)(A ), (B) and ( C)), such hearings sh all be deem ed as to the matters covered to satisfy the requirements of this section and section 514 and such determinations shall be deemed to be a part of the record and conclusive for purposes of sections 510, 514 and this section.

DECISIONS OF REGULATORY AU THORITY AND APPEALS [30 U.S.C. 1264] SEC. 514. (a) If an info rmal con ference h as been he ld pursuant to section 513 (b), the regu latory autho rity shall issue a nd furnish the applicant fo r a perm it and persons who are parties to the administrative proceedings with the written finding of the regulatory authority, granting or denying the permit in whole or in part and stating the reasons therefor, within the sixty days of said hearings. (b) If there has been no informal conference held pursuant to section 513(b), the regulatory authority shall notify the applicant for a permit within a reasonable time as determined by the regulatory authority and set forth in regulations, taking into account the time ne eded for p roper inve stigation of the s ite, the com plexity of the p ermit application, and whether or not written objection to the application has been filed, whether the application has been approved or disapproved in whole or part. (c) If the app lication is appr oved, the p ermit shall b e issued. If the application is disapprove d, specific re asons there for must b e set forth in the notification. W ithin thirty days af ter the applic ant is notified of the final dec ision of the reg ulatory auth ority on the permit application, the applicant or any person with an interest which is or may be adversely affected may request a hearing on the reasons for the final determination. The regulatory authority shall hold a hearing within thirty days of such request and provide notification to all interested parties at the time that the applicant is so notified. If the Secretary is the regulatory authority the hearing shall be of record and governed by 5 U.S.C. Section 554. Where the regulatory authority is the State, such hearing shall be of record, adjudicatory in nature and no person who presided at a conference under section 513(b) shall either preside at the hearing or participate in this decision thereon or in any administrative appeal therefrom. Within thirty days after the hearing the regulatory authority shall issue and furnish the applicant, and all persons who participated in the hearing, with the written decision of

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Sec. 514 the regulatory authority granting or denying the permit in whole or in part and stating the reasons therefor. (d) Where a hearing is requested pursuant to subsection (c), the Secretary, where the Secretary is the regulatory authority, or the State hearing authority may, under such conditions as it may pre scribe, gra nt such tem porary re lief as it deem s appropria te pending final determination of the proceedings if (1) all parties to the procee dings have been notifie d and given an opportu nity to be heard on a request for temporary relief; (2) the person requesting such relief shows that there is a substantial likelihood that he will prevail on the merits of the final determination of the proceeding; and (3) such relief will not adverse ly affect the public health or safety or cause significant imminent env ironmental harm to land, air, or water reso urces. (e) For the purpose o f such hearing, the regu latory authority may adm inister oaths, subpoena witnesse s, or written or printed m aterials, compel attendan ce of the witness, or produc tion of the m aterials, and take eviden ce including but not limited to site inspections of the land to be affected and other surface coal mining operations carried on by the applicant in the general vicinity of the proposed operation. A verbatim record of each public hearing required by this Act shall be made, and a transcript made available on the motion of any party or by order of the regulatory authority. (f) Any a pplicant or a ny person w ith an interest w hich is or m ay be adv ersely affected who has participated in the administrative proceedings as an objector, and who is aggrieved by the decis ion of the reg ulatory auth ority, or if the re gulatory au thority fails to act w ithin the time lim its specified in th is Act shall h ave the righ t to appeal in accordance with section 526.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PERFORMANCE STANDARDS [30 U.S.C. 1265] SEC. 515. (a) Any permit issued under any approved State or Federal program pursuant to this Act to conduct surface coal mining operations shall require that such surface coal mining operations will meet all applicable performance standards of this Act, and such other requirements as the regulatory authority shall promulgate. (b) General performance standards shall be applicable to all surface coal mining and reclamation operations and shall require the operation as a minimum to -(1) conduct surface coal mining operations so as to maximize the utilization and conservation of the solid fuel resource being recovered so that reaffecting the land in the future through surface coal mining can be minimized; (2) restore the land affected to a condition capable of supporting the uses which it was capable of supporting prior to any mining, or higher or better uses of

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Sec. 515 which there is reasonable likelihood, so long as such use or uses do not present any actual or probable hazard to public health or safety or pose any actual or probable threat of water diminu tion or pollution, and the perm it applicants' declared propose d land use following r eclama tion is not deem ed to be im practical or unreason able, incon sistent with applicable land use policies and plans, involves unreasonable delay in implementation, or is violative of Federal, State, or local law; (3) except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to all surface coal mining operations backfill, compact (where advisable to insure stability or to prevent leaching of toxic materials), and grade in order to restore the approximate original contour of the land w ith all highwalls, spoil piles, and depressions e liminated (unless small depressions are needed in order to retain moisture to assist revegetation or as otherwise authorized pursuant to this Act): Provided, however, That in surface coal mining which is carried out at the same location over a substantial period of time where the operatio n transects th e coal dep osit, and the th ickness of the coal depos its relative to the volume of the overburden is large and where the operator demonstrates that the overburden and other spoil and waste materials at a particular point in the permit area or otherwise available from the entire permit area is insufficient, giving due consideration to volume tric expansio n, to restore th e approxim ate original c ontour, the o perator, at a minimu m, shall ba ckfill, grade , and com pact (wh ere advisa ble) using all a vailable overburden and other spoil and waste materials to attain the lowest practicable grade but not more than the angle of repose, to provide adequate drainage and to cover all acidforming and other tox ic materials, in order to ach ieve an ecologically sound land use compatible with the surrounding region: And provided further, That in surface coal mining where the volume of overburden is large relative to the thickness of the coal deposit and where the operator demonstrates that due to volumetric expansion the amount of overburden and other spoil and waste materials removed in the course of the mining operation is more than sufficient to restore the approximate original contour, the operator shall after restoring the approximate contour, backfill, grade, and compact (where advisable) th e excess o verburde n and other spoil and w aste mate rials to attain the lowest grade but not more than the angle of repose, and to cover all acid-forming, and other to xic mater ials, in order to achieve a n ecologica lly sound land use com patible with the surrounding region and that such overburden or spoil shall be shaped and graded in su ch a wa y as to preve nt slides, erosio n, and w ater pollution a nd is revegetated in accordance with the requirements of this Act; (4) stabilize and protect all surface areas including spoil piles affected by the surface coal mining and reclamation operation to effectively control erosion and attendant air and water pollution; (5) remove the topsoil from the land in a separate layer, replace it on the backfill area, or if not utilized immediately, segregate it in a separate pile from other spoil and when the topsoil is not replaced on a backfill area within a time short enough to avoid deterioration of the topsoil, maintain a successful cover by quick growing plant or other means thereafter so that the topsoil is preserved from wind and water erosion, remains free of any contamination by other acid or toxic material, and

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Sec. 515 is in a usable condition for sustaining vegetation when restored during reclamation, except if topsoil is of insufficient quantity or of poor quality for sustaining vegetation, or if other strata can be shown to be more suitable for vegetation requirements, then the operator shall remove, segregate, and preserve in a like manner such other strata which is best able to support vegetation; (6) restore th e topsoil or the best availab le subsoil w hich is best ab le to support vegetation; (7) for all prime farm lands as identified in section 507(b)(16) to be mined and reclaimed, specifications for soil removal, storage, replacement, and reconstruction shall be established by the Secre tary of Agriculture, an d the operator shall, as a minimum, be required to -(A) segregate the A horizon of the natural soil, except where it can be shown that other available soil materials will create a final soil having a greater productive capacity; a nd if not utilized immed iately, stockp ile this mater ial separate ly from other spoil, and provide needed protection from wind and water erosion or contamination by other acid or toxic material; (B) segregate the B horizon of the natural soil, or underlying C horizons or other strata, or a combination of such horizons or other strata that are shown to be both texturally and chemically suitable for plant growth and that can be shown to be equally or m ore favora ble for plant g rowth tha n the B hor izon, in suffic ient quantities to create in the regraded final soil a root zone of comparable depth and quality to that which existed in the natural soil; and if not utilized immediately, stockpile this material separately from other spoil, and provide needed protection from wind and water erosion or contamination by other acid or toxic material; (C) replace and regrade the root zone material described in (B) above with proper compaction and uniform depth over the regarded spoil material; and (D) redistribute and grade in a uniform manner the surface soil horizon described in subparagraph (A); (8) create, if authorized in the approved mining and reclamation plan and permit, permanent impoundments of water on mining sites as part of reclamation activities only when it is adequately demonstrated that (A) the size of the imp oundment is adeq uate for its intended purposes; (B) the impoundment dam construction will be so designed as to achieve necessary stability with an adequate margin of safety compatible with that of structures constructed under Public Law 83-566 (16 U.S.C. 1006); (C) the quality of impounded water will be suitable on a permanent basis for its intended use and that discharges from the impoundment will not degrade the water quality below water quality standards established pursuant to applicable Federal and State law in the receiving stream; (D) the level of water will be reasonably stable; (E) final grading will provide adequate safety and access for proposed water users; and

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Sec. 515 (F) such water impoundments will not result in the diminution of the quality or quantity of water utilized by adjacent or surrounding landowners for agricultural, industrial recreational, or do mestic uses; (9) conducting any augering operation associated with surface mining in a manner to maximize recoverability of mineral reserves remaining after the operation and reclamation are complete; and seal all auger holes with an impervious and noncombustible material in order to prevent drainage except where the regulatory authority determines that the resulting impoundment of water in such auger holes may create a hazard to the environment or the public health or safety: Provided, That the permitting authority may prohibit augering if necessary to maximize the utilization, recoverability or conserv ation of the solid fuel resources or to pr otect against adverse water quality impacts; (10) minimize the disturbances to the prevailing hydrologic balance at the mine-site a nd in associa ted offsite are as and to the quality and q uantity of w ater in surface and ground water systems both during and after surface coal mining operations and during reclamation by (A) avoiding acid or other toxic mine drainage by such measures as, but not limited to (i) preventin g or rem oving wa ter from c ontact with toxic producing deposits; (ii) treating dra inage to red uce toxic co ntent whic h adverse ly affects downstream water upon being released to water courses; (iii) casing, sealing, or otherwise managing boreholes, shafts, and wells and keep acid or other toxic drainage from entering ground and surface waters; (B)(i) conducting surface coal mining operations so as to prevent, to the extent possible using the best technology currently available, additional contributions of suspended solids to stream flow, or ru noff outside th e permit a rea, but in no event shall contributions be in excess of requirements set by applicable State or Federal law; (ii) constructing any siltation structures pursuant to subparagraph (B)(i) of this subsection prior to commencement of surface coal mining operations, such structures to be certified by a qualified registered engineer or a qualified registered professional land surveyor in any State which authorizes land surveyors to prepare and certify such maps or plans to be constructed as designed and as approved in the reclamation plan; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 515(b)(10)(B)(ii) amended October 30, 1986. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(C) cleaning out and removing temporary or large settling ponds or other siltation structures from drainways after disturbed areas are revegetated and stabilized; and depositing the silt and debris at a site and in a manner approved by the regulatory authority;

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Sec. 515 (D) restor ing rechar ge capac ity of the min ed area to a pproxim ate premining conditions; (E) avoiding channel deepening or enlargement in operations requiring the discharge of water from mines; (F) preserving throughout the mining and reclamation process the essential hydrologic functions of alluvial valley floors in the arid and semiarid areas of the country; and (G) such other actions as the regulatory authority may prescribe; (11) with respect to surface disposal of mine wastes, tailings, coal processing wastes, and other wastes in areas other than the mine working or excavations, stabilize all waste piles in designated areas through construction in compacted layers including the use of incombustible and impervious materials if necessary and assure the final contour of th e waste p ile will be co mpatible w ith natural sur roundings a nd that the site can and will be stabilized and revegetated according to the provisions of this Act; (12) refrain from surface coal mining within five hundred feet from active and abandoned underground mines in order to prevent breakthroughs and to protect health or safety of miners: Provided, That the regulatory authority shall permit an operator to mine near, through or partially through an abandoned underground mine or closer to an active underground mine if (A) the nature, timing, and sequencing of the approximate coincidence of specific surface mine activities with specific underground mine activities are jointly approved by the regulatory authorities concerned with surface mine regulation and the health and safety of underground miners, and (B) such operations will result in improved resource recovery, abatement of water pollution, or elimination of hazards to the health and safety of the public; (13) design, locate, construct, operate, maintain, enlarge, modify, and remove or abando n, in accor dance w ith the standar ds and criter ia develope d pursuant to subsection (f) of this section, all existing and new coal mine waste piles consisting of mine wastes, tailings, coal processing wastes, or other liquid and solid wastes, and used either temporarily or permanently as dams or embankments; (14) insure that all debris, acid-forming materials, toxic materials, or materials constituting a fire haza rd are treated or buried a nd compacted or otherwise disposed of in a manner designed to prevent contamination of ground or surface waters and that contingency plans are developed to prevent sustained combustion; (15) insure that explosives are used only in accordance with existing State and Federal la w and the regulations p romulga ted by the re gulatory au thority, wh ich shall include provisions to (A) provide adequate advance written notice to local governments and residents who might be affected by the use of such explosives by publication of the planned blasting schedule in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality and by mailing a c opy of the pr oposed bla sting schedu le to every r esident living w ithin one-half mile of the p roposed bla sting site and by providing da ily notice to res ident/occu piers in such areas prior to any blasting;

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Sec. 515 (B) maintain for a period of at least three years and make available for public inspection upon request a log detailing the location of the blasts, the pattern and depth of the drill holes, the amount of explosives used per hole, and the order and length of delay in the blasts; (C) limit the type of explosives and detonating equipment, the size, the timing and frequenc y of blasts bas ed upon the physical co nditions of the s ite so as to prevent (i) injury to persons, (ii) damage to public and private property outside the permit area, (iii) adverse impacts on any underground mine, and (iv) change in the course, channel, or availability of ground or surface water outside the permit area; (D) require that all blasting operations be conducted by trained and competent persons as certified by the regulatory authority; (E) provide that upon the request of a resident or owner of a man-made dwelling or structure within one-half mile of any portion of the permitted area the applicant or permittee shall conduc t a pre-blastin g survey of such structu res and sub mit the survey to the regulatory authority and a copy to the resident or owner making the request. T he area of the survey s hall be decid ed by the re gulatory au thority and sh all include such provisions as the Secretary shall promulgate. (16) insure that all reclamation efforts proceed in an environmentally sound manner and as contemporaneously as practicable with the surface coal mining operations: Provided, however, That where the applicant proposes to combine surface mining operations with underground mining operations to assure maximum practical recovery of the mineral resources, the regulatory authority may grant a variance for specific are as within the reclama tion plan from the require ment that r eclama tion efforts proceed as contemporaneously as practicable to permit underground mining operations prior to reclamation: (A) if the regulatory authority finds in writing that: (i) the applicant has presented, as part of the permit application, specific, feasible plans for the proposed underground mining operations; (ii) the proposed underground mining operations are necessary or desirable to a ssure ma ximum practical re covery of the miner al resource and will av oid multiple disturbance of the surface; (iii) the applicant has satisfactorily demonstrated that the plan for the underg round m ining opera tions confor ms to requ irements f or underg round m ining in the jurisdiction and that permits necessary for the underground mining operations have been issued by the appropriate authority; (iv) the areas proposed for the variance have been shown by the applicant to be necessary for the implementing of the proposed underground mining operations; (v) no substantial adverse environmental damage, either on-site or off-site, will result from the delay in completion of reclamation as required by this Act; (vi) provision s for the off-s ite storage of spoil will com ply with section 515(b)(22);

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Sec. 515 (B) if the Secretary has promulgated specific regulations to govern the granting of such variances in accordance with the provisions of this subsection and section 501, and has imposed such additional requirements as he deems necessary; (C) if variances granted under the provisions of this subsection are to be reviewed by the regulatory authority not more than three years from the date of issuance of the permit; and (D) if liability under the bond filed by the applicant with the regulatory authority pursuant to section 509(b) shall be for the duration of the underground mining operations a nd until the req uiremen ts of sections 5 15(b) and 5 19 have be en fully complied with. (17) insure that the construction, maintenance, and postmining conditions of access roads into and across the site of operations will control or prevent erosion and siltation, pollution of water, damage to fish or wildlife or their habitat, or public or private property; (18) refrain from the construction of roads or other access ways up a stream bed or drainage channel or in such proximity to such channel so as to seriously alter the normal flow of water; (19) establish on the regarded areas, and all other lands affected, a diverse, effective, and permanent vegetative cover of the same seasonal variety native to the area of land to be affected and capable of self-regeneration and plant succession at least equal in extent of cover to the natural vegetation of the area; except, that introduced species may be used in the revegetation process where desirable and necessary to achieve the approved postmining land use plan; (20)(A) assume the responsibility for successful revegetation, as required by paragraph (19) above, for a period of five full years after the last year of augmented seeding, fe rtilizing, irrigatio n, or other w ork in order to assure co mpliance with paragraph (19) above, except in those areas or regions of the country where the annual average precipitation is twenty-six inches or less, then the operator's assumption of responsibility and liability will extend for a period of ten full years after the last year of augmented seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, or other work: Provided, That when the regulatory authority approves a long-term intensive agricultural postmining land use, the applicable five-or ten-year period of responsibility for revegetation shall commence at the date of initial planting for such long-term intensive agricultural postmining land use: Provided further, That when the regulatory authority issues a written finding approving a long-term, intensive, agricultural postmining land use as part of the mining and reclamation plan, the authority may grant exception to the provisions of paragraph (19) above; (B) on lands eligible for remining assume the responsibility for successful revegetation for a period of two full years after the last year of augmented seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, or other work in order to assure compliance with the applicable standards, except in those areas or regions of the country where the annual average precipitation is twenty-six inches or less, then the operator's assumption of responsibility and liability will be extended for a period of five full years after the last

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Sec. 515 year of augmented seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, or other work in order to assure compliance w ith the applicable standards. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 515(b)(20)(B) added October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(21) protect offsite areas from slides or damage occurring during the surface coal mining and reclamation operations, and not deposit spoil material or locate any part of the operations or waste accumulations outside the permit area; (22) place all excess spoil material resulting from coal surface mining and reclamation activities in such a manner that (A) spoil is transported and placed in a controlled manner in position for concurrent com paction and in such a w ay to assure mass stability and to pr event mass movement; (B) the are as of disposa l are within the bonded permit are as and all organic matter shall be removed immediately prior to spoil placement; (C) appropriate surface and internal drainage systems and diversion ditches are used so as to prevent spoil erosion and movement; (D) the disposal area does not contain springs, natural water courses or wet we ather seep s unless latera l drains are c onstructed f rom the w et areas to the main underdrains in such a manner that filtration of the water into the spoil pile will be prevented; (E) if place d on a slope , the spoil is plac ed upon the most mo derate slope am ong those up on which , in the judgm ent of the reg ulatory auth ority, the spoil could be placed in compliance with all the requirements of this Act, and shall be placed, where possible, upon, or above, a natural terrace, bench, or berm, if such placement provides additional stability and prevents mass movement; (F) where the toe of the spoil rests on a downslop e, a rock toe buttress, of sufficient size to prevent mass movement, is constructed; (G) the final configuration is compatible with the natural drainage pattern and surroundings and suitable for intended uses; (H) design of the spoil disposal area is certified by a qualified registered professional engineer in conformance with professional standards; and (I) all other provisions of this Act are met. (23) mee t such other c riteria as are necessary to achieve r eclama tion in accorda nce with th e purpose s of this Act, taking into co nsideration th e physical, climatological, and other characteristics of the site; and (24) to the extent possible using the best technology currently available, minimize disturbances and adverse impacts of the operation on fish, wildlife, and related environmental values, and achieve enhancement of such resources where practicable; (25) provide for an undisturbed natural barrier beginning at the elevation of the lowest coal seam to be mined and extending from the outslope for such distance as

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Sec. 515 the regulatory authority shall determine shall be retained in place as a barrier to slides and erosion. (c)(1) Each State program may and each Federal program shall include procedures pursuant to which the regulatory authority may permit surface mining operations for the purposes set forth in paragraph (3) of this subsection. (2) Where an applicant meets the requirements of paragraphs (3) and (4) of this subsection a permit w ithout regard to the require ment to re store to appr oximate original contour set forth in subsection 515(b)(3) or 515(d)(2) and (3) of this section may be granted for the surface mining of coal where the mining operation will remove an entire coal seam or seams running through the upper fraction of a mountain, ridge, or hill (except as provided in subsection (c)(4)(A) hereof) by removing all of the overburd en and cre ating a level p lateau or a g ently rolling co ntour with n o highwa lls remainin g, and cap able of supp orting postm ining uses in a ccord w ith the require ments of this subsection. (3) In cases where an industrial, commercial, agricultural, residential or public facility (including recreational facilities) use is proposed or the postmining use of the affected land, the regulatory authority may grant a permit for a surface mining operation of the nature described in subsection (c)(2) where (A) after consultation w ith the appro priate land u se planning agencies, if any, the proposed postmining land use is deemed to constitute an equal or better economic or public use of the affected land, as compared with premining use; (B) the applicant presents specific plans for the proposed postmining land use and appropriate assurances that such use will be (i) compatible with adjacent land uses; (ii) obtainable according to data regarding expected need and market; (iii) assured of investment in necessary public facilities; (iv) supported by commitments from public agencies where appropriate; (v) practicable with respect to private financial capability for completion of the proposed use; (vi) planned pursuant to a schedule attached to the reclamation plan so as to integrate the mining operation and reclamation with the postmining land use; and (vii) designed by a register ed enginee r in conform ance w ith professional standards established to assure the stability, drainage, and configuration necessary for the intended use of the site; (C) the proposed use would be consistent with adjacent land uses, and existing State and local land use plans and programs; (D) the regulatory authority provides the governing body of the unit of general-purpose government in which the land is located and any State or Federal agency w hich the reg ulatory age ncy, in its discr etion, determ ines to have an interest in

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Sec. 515 the proposed use, an opportunity of not more than sixty days to review and comment on the proposed use; (E) all other requirements of this Act will be met. (4) In grantin g any perm it pursuant to this subsection th e regulator y authority shall require that (A) the toe of the lowe st coal seam and the ove rburden a ssociated w ith it are retained in place as a barrier to slides and erosion; (B) the reclaimed area is stable; (C) the resulting plateau or rolling contour drains inward from the outslopes except at specified points; (D) no damage will be done to natural watercourses; (E) spoil w ill be placed o n the mou ntaintop ben ch as is nece ssary to achieve the planned postmining land use: Provided, That all excess spoil material not retained on the mountaintop shall be placed in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b)(22) of this section; (F) insure stability of the spoil retained on the mountaintop and meet the other requirements of this Act; (5) The regulatory authority shall promulgate specific regulations to govern the granting of permits in acc ord with the provisions of this subsec tion, and may im pose such additional requirements as he deems to be necessary. (6) All permits granted under the provisions of this subsection shall be reviewed not more than three years from the date of issuance of the permit, unless the applicant af firmatively demons trates that the p roposed de velopme nt is proceed ing in accordance with the terms of the approved schedule and reclamation plan. (d) The following performance standards shall be applicable to steep-slope surface coal mining and shall be in addition to those general performance standards required by this section: Provided, however, That the provisions of this subsection (d) shall not apply to those situations in which an operator is mining on flat or gently rolling terrain, on which an occasio nal steep slop e is encoun tered throu gh which the mining operation is to proceed , leaving a p lain or predo minantly fla t area or w here an op erator is in compliance with provisions of subsection (c) hereof: (1) Insure that when performing surface coal mining on steep slopes, no debris, abandoned or disabled equipment, spoil material, or waste mineral matter be placed on the downslope below the bench or mining cut: Provided, That spoil material in excess of that required for the reconstruction of the approximate original contour under the provisions of paragraph 515(b)(3) or 515(d)(2) shall be permanently stored pursuant to section 515(b)(22). (2) Complete backfilling with spoil material shall be required to cover completely the highwall and return the site to the appropriate original contour, which material will maintain stability following mining and reclamation. (3) The operator may not disturb land above the top of the highwall unless the regulatory authority finds that such disturbance will facilitate compliance with the environmental protection standards of this section: Provided, however, That the land

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Sec. 515 disturbed ab ove the high wall shall be limited to that a mount ne cessary to fa cilitate said compliance. (4) For the purposes of this subsection (d), the term "steep slope" is any slope above tw enty degre es or such le sser slope as may be d efined by th e regulator y authority after consideration of soil, climate, and other characteristics of a region or State. (e) (1) Each State program may and each Federal program shall include procedures pursuant to which the regulatory authority may permit variances for the purposes set forth in paragraph (3) of this subsection, provided that the watershed control of the area is improved; and further provided complete backfilling with spoil material shall be required to cover com pletely the hig hwall w hich mate rial will ma intain stability following mining and reclamation. (2) Where an applicant meets the requirements of paragraphs (3) and (4) of this subsection a variance from the requirement to restore to approximate original contour set forth in subsection 515(d)(2) of this section may be granted for the surface mining of coal where the owner of the surface knowingly requests in writing, as a part of the permit application that such a variance be granted so as to render the land, after reclamation, suitable for an industrial, commercial, residential, or public use (including recreation al facilities) in ac cord with the further p rovisions of (3 ) and (4) of th is subsection. (3) (A) A fter consulta tion with the a ppropriate land use pla nning agen cies, if any, the potential use of the affected land is deemed to constitute an equal or better economic or public use; (B) is designed and certified by a qualified registered professional engineer in conformance with professional standards established to assure the stability, drainage, and configuration necessary for the intended use of the site; and (C) after approval of the appropriate state environmental agencies, the watershed of the affected land is deemed to be improved. (4) In grantin g a varianc e pursuan t to this subsection the regulato ry authority shall require that only such amount o f spoil will be p laced off the mine ben ch as is necessary to achieve th e planned p ostmining la nd use, insur e stability of the s poil retained on the bench, meet all other requirements of this Act, and all spoil placement off the mine bench must comply with subsection 515(b)(22). (5) The regulatory authority shall promulgate specific regulations to govern the granting of variances in accord with the provisions of this subsection, and may impose such additional requirements as he deems to be necessary. (6) All exceptions granted under the provisions of this subsection shall be reviewed not more than three years from the date of issuance of the permit, unless the permittee affirmativ ely demo nstrates that the proposed d evelopm ent is procee ding in accordance with the terms of the reclamation plan. (f) The Se cretary, w ith the written concurre nce of the C hief of Eng ineers, sha ll establish within one hundred and thirty-five days from the date of enactment, standards and criteria regulating the design, location, construction, operation,

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Sec. 515 maintenance, enlargement, modification, removal, and abandonment of new and existing coal mine waste piles referred to in section 515(b)(13) and section 516(b)(5). Such standards and criteria shall conform to the standards and criteria used by the Chief of Engine ers to insure th at flood con trol structures are safe an d effective ly perform their intended function. In addition to engineering and other technical specifications the standards and criteria developed pursuant to this subsection must include provisions for: review a nd approv al of plans an d specificatio ns prior to co nstruction, e nlargem ent, modification, removal, or abandonment; performance of periodic inspections during construction; issuance of certificates of approval upon completion of construction; performance of periodic safety inspections; and issuance of notices for required remedial or maintenance work.

SURFACE EFFECTS OF UNDERG ROUND COAL MINING OPERATIONS [30 U.S.C. 1266] SEC. 516. (a) The Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations directed toward the surface effects of underground coal mining operations, embodying the following requirements and in accordance with the procedures established under section 501 of this Act: Provided, however, That in adopting any rules and regulations the Secretary shall consider the distinct difference between surface coal mining and underground coal mining. Such rules and regulations shall not conflict with nor supersede any provision of the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 nor any regulation issued pursuant thereto, and shall not be promulgated until the Secretary has obtained the written concurrence of the head of the department which administers such Act. (b) Each permit issue d under an y approve d State or F ederal pro gram pu rsuant to this Act and relating to underground coal mining shall require the operator to (1) adopt measures consistent with known technology in order to prevent subsidence causing m aterial dam age to the ex tent technolo gically and e conomic ally feasible, maxim ize mine stability, and ma intain the value and reasona bly foreseeable use of such surface lands, except in those instances where the mining technology used requires planned subsidence in a predictable and controlled manner: Provided, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit the standard method of room and pillar mining; (2) seal all portals, entryways, drifts, shafts, or other openings between the surface and underground mine working when no longer needed for the conduct of the mining operations; (3) fill or seal exploratory holes no longer necessary for mining, maximizing to the extent technologically and economically feasible return of mine and processing waste, tailings, and any other waste incident to the mining operation, to the mine workings or excavations;

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Sec. 516 (4) with respect to surface disposal of mine wastes, tailings, coal processing wastes, and other wastes in areas other than the mine workings or excavations, stabilize all waste p iles created by the perm ittee from c urrent ope rations throu gh construc tion in compa cted layers including the use of incom bustible and im pervious m aterials if necessary and assure that the leachate will not degrade below water quality standards established pursuant to applicable Federal and State law surface or ground waters and that the final contour of the waste accumulation will be compatible with natural surroundings and that the site is stabilized and revegetated according to the provisions of this section; (5) design, locate, construct, operate, maintain, enlarge, modify, and remove , or aband on, in acco rdance w ith the standar ds and criter ia develope d pursuant to section 515(f), all existing and new coal mine wa ste piles consisting of mine w astes, tailings, coal processing wastes, or other liquid and solid wastes and used either temporarily or permanently as dams or embankm ents; (6) establish on regarded areas and all other lands affected, a diverse and permanent vegetative cover capable of self-regeneration and plant succession and at least equal in extent of cover to the natural vegetation of the area; (7) protect offsite areas from damages which may result from such mining operations; (8) elimina te fire haza rds and othe rwise elim inate conditio ns which constitute a hazard to health and safety of the public; (9) minimize the disturbances of the prevailing hydrologic balance at the minesite and in associated offsite areas and to the quantity of water in surface ground water systems both during and after coal mining operations and during reclamation by(A) avoiding acid or other toxic mine drainage by such measures as, but not limited to (i) preventin g or rem oving wa ter from c ontact with toxic producing deposits; (ii) treating dra inage to red uce toxic co ntent whic h adverse ly affects downstream water upon being released to water courses; (iii) casing, sealing, or otherwise managing boreholes, shafts, and wells to keep acid or other toxic drainage from entering ground and surface waters; and (B) conducting surface coal mining operations so as to prevent, to the extent possible using the best technology currently available, additional contributions of suspended solids to stream flow or ru noff outside th e permit a rea (but in no event shall such contributions be in excess of requirements set by applicable State or Federal law), and avoiding channel deepening or enlargement in operations requiring the discharge of water from mines; (10) with respect to other surface impacts not specified in this subsection including the construction of new ro ads or the im provem ent or use of existing road s to gain access to the site of such ac tivities and for haulage, repair are as, storage areas,

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Sec. 516 processing areas, shipping areas, and other are as upon which a re sited structures, facilities, or oth er proper ty or mate rials on the sur face, resu lting from o r incident to such activities, operate in accordance with the standards established under section 515 of this title for such effects which result from surface coal mining operations: Provided, That the Se cretary sha ll make suc h modifica tions in the req uiremen ts imposed by this subparagraph as are necessary to accommodate the distinct difference between surface and underground coal mining; (11) to the extent possible using the best technology currently available, minimize disturbances and adverse impacts of the operation on fish, wildlife, and related environmental values, and achieve enhancement of such resources where practicable; (12) locate openings for all new drift mines working acid-producing or iron-producing coal seams in such a manner as to prevent a gravity discharge of water from the mine. (c) In orde r to protect the stability of the lan d, the regula tory authority shall suspend underground coal mining under urbanized areas, cities, towns, and communities and adjacent to industrial or commercial buildings, major impoundments, or permanent streams if he finds imm inent danger to inhabitants of the urb anized areas, cities, tow ns, and communities. (d) The provisions of title V of this A ct relating to State and Feder al programs, permits, bonds, inspections and enforcement, public review, and administrative and judicial revie w shall be applicable to surface op erations and surface im pacts incide nt to an underground coal mine with such modifications to the permit application requirements, permit approval or denial procedures, and bond requirements as are necessary to accommodate the distinct difference between surface and underground coal mining. The Secretary shall promulgate such modifications in accordance with the rulemak ing proced ure establish ed in section 5 01 of this A ct.

INSPECTIONS AND MONITORING [30 U.S.C. 1267] SEC. 517. (a) The Secretary shall cause to be made such inspections of any surface coal mining and reclamation operations as are necessary to evaluate the administration of approved State programs, or to develop or enforce any Federal program, and for such purposes authorized representatives of the Secretary shall have a right of entry to, upon, or through any surface coal mining and reclamation operations. (b) For the purpose of developing or assisting in the development, administration, and enforcement of any approved State or Federal program under this Act or in the administration and enforcement of any permit under this Act, or of determining whether any person is in violation of any requirement of any such State or Federal program or any other requirement of this Act --

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Sec. 517 (1) the regulatory authority shall require any permittee to (A) establish and maintain appropriate records, (B) make monthly reports to the regulatory authority, (C) install, use, an d maintain any nece ssary mo nitoring equ ipment or methods , (D) eva luate results in accordance with such methods, at such locations, intervals, and in such manner as a regulatory authority shall prescribe, and (E) provide such other information relative to sur face coa l mining an d reclam ation opera tions as the reg ulatory auth ority deems reasonable and necessary; (2) for those surface coal mining and reclamation operations which remove or disturb strata that serve as aquifers which significantly insure the hydrologic balance of water use either on or off the mining site, the regulatory authority shall specify those -(A) monitoring sites to record the quantity and quality of surface drainage above and below the minesite as well as in the potential zone of influence; (B) monitoring sites to record level, amount, and samples of ground water and aquifers potentially affected by the mining and also directly below the lowermost (deepest) coal seam to be mined; (C) records of well logs and borehole data to be maintained; and (D) monitoring sites to record precipitation. The monitoring data collection and analysis required by this section shall be conducted according to standards and proce dures set for th by the reg ulatory auth ority in order to assure their reliability and validity; and (3) the authorized representatives of the regulatory authority, without advance notice and upon presentation of appropriate credentials (A) shall have the right of entry to, upon, or through any surface coal mining and reclamation operations or any premise s in which a ny record s required to be mainta ined under paragrap h (1) of this subsection are located; an d (B) may at rea sonable times, and w ithout delay, have access to and copy any records, inspect any monitoring equipment or method of operation required under this Act. (c) The ins pections by the regulato ry authority s hall (1) occu r on an irreg ular basis averaging not less than one partial inspection per month and one complete inspection per calendar quarter for the surface coal mining and reclamation operation covered by each permit; (2) occur without prior notice to the permittee or his agents or employees except for necessary onsite meetings with the permittee; and (3) include the filing of inspection reports adequate to enforce the requirements of and to carry out the terms and purposes of this Act. (d) Each permittee shall conspicuously maintain at the entrances to the surface coal mining and reclamation operations a clearly visible sign which sets forth the name, business address, and phone number of the permittee and the permit number of the surface coal mining and reclamation operations. (e) Each inspector, upon detection of each violation of any requirement of any State or Federal program or of this Act, shall forthwith inform the operator in writing, and shall report in writing any such violation to the regulatory authority.

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Sec. 517 (f) Copies of any records, reports, inspection materials, or information obtained under this title by the regulatory authority shall be made immediately available to the public at central and sufficient locations in the county, multicounty, and State area of mining so that they are conveniently available to residents in the areas of mining. (g) No em ployee of th e State regu latory autho rity perform ing any fun ction or duty under this Act shall have a direct or indirect financial interest in any underground or surface co al mining o peration. W hoever kn owingly v iolates the pro visions of this subsection shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $2,500, or by imprisonm ent of not m ore than on e year, or by both. Th e Secreta ry shall (1) w ithin sixty days after enactment of this Act, publish in the Federal Register, in accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States Code, regulations to establish methods by which the provisions of this subsection will be monitored and enforced by the Secretary and such State regulatory authority, including appropriate provisions for the filing by such employees and the review of statements and supplements thereto concerning any financial interest which may be affected by this subsection, and (2) report to the Congress as part of the Annual Report (section 706) on actions taken and not taken during the preceding year under this subsection. (h)(1) Any person who is or may be adversely affected by a surface mining operation may notify the Secretary or any representative of the Secretary responsible for conducting the inspection , in writing, o f any violation of this Act w hich he has reason to believe exists at the surface m ining site. The Secretary sh all, by regulation, establish procedur es for inform al review of any refu sal by a repr esentative o f the Secre tary to issue a citation with respect to any su ch alleged violation. The S ecretary shall furnish such persons requesting the review a written statement of the reasons for the Secretary's final disposition of the case. (2) The Secretary shall also, by regulation, establish procedures to insure that adequate and complete inspections are made. Any such person may notify the Secretary of any failure to make such inspections, after which the Secretary shall determine whethe r adequate and com plete inspec tions have be en made . The Sec retary shall furnish such persons a written statement of the reasons for the Secretary's determination that adequate and complete inspections have or have not been conducted.

PENALTIES [30 U.S.C. 1268] SEC. 518. (a) In the enforcement of a Federal program or Federal lands program, or during Federal enforcement pursuant to section 502 or during Federal enforcement of a State program pursuant to section 521 of this Act, any permittee who violates any permit condition or who violates any other provision of this title, may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary, except that if such violation leads to the issuance of a cessation o rder unde r section 521 , the civil pena lty

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Sec. 518 shall be assessed. Such penalty shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation. Each day of continuing v iolation ma y be deem ed a separ ate violation fo r purposes of penalty assessme nts. In determ ining the am ount of the pe nalty, consid eration shall b e given to the permittee's history of previous violations at the particular surface coal mining operation; the seriousness of the violation, including any irreparable harm to the environment and any hazard to the health or safety of the public; whether the permittee was neg ligent; and the demons trated good faith of the pe rmittee ch arged in atte mpting to achieve rapid compliance after notification of the violation. (b) A civil penalty shall be assessed by the Secretary only after the person charged with a violation described under subsection (a) of this section has been given an opportunity for a public hearing. Where such a public hearing has been held, the Secretary shall make findings of fact, and he shall issue a written decision as to the occurrence of the violation and the amount of the penalty which is warranted, incorporating, when appropriate, an order therein requiring that the penalty be paid. When appropriate, the Secretary shall consolidate such hearings with other proceedings under section 521 of this Act. Any hearing under this section shall be of record and shall be subject to section 554 of title 5 of the United States Code. Where the person charged w ith such a viola tion fails to ava il himself of th e opportun ity for a public hearing, a civil penalty shall be assessed by the Secretary after the Secretary has determined that a violation did occur, and the amount of the penalty which is warranted, and has issued an order requiring that the penalty be paid. (c) Upon the issuance of a notice or order charging that a violation of the Act has occurred, the Secretary shall inform the operator within thirty days of the proposed amount of said penalty. The person charged with the penalty shall then have thirty days to pay the proposed penalty in full or, if the person wishes to contest either the amount of the penalty or the fact of the violation, forward the proposed amount to the Secretary for placement in an escrow account. If through administrative or judicial review of the proposed penalty, it is determined that no violation occurred, or that the amount of the penalty sho uld be redu ced, the Se cretary sha ll within thirty da ys remit the appropria te amount to the person, with interest at the rate of 6 percent, or at the prevailing Departm ent of the T reasury ra te, which ever is grea ter. Failure to forwar d the mon ey to the Secretary within thirty days shall result in a waiver of all legal rights to contest the violation or the amount of the penalty. (d) Civil penalties owed under this Act, may be recovered in a civil action brought by the Attorney General at the request of the Secretary in any appropriate district court of the United States. (e) Any person who willfully and knowingly violates a condition of a permit issued pursuant to a Federal program, a Federal lands program or Federal enforcement pursuant to se ction 502 or during Fe deral enfo rcemen t of a State pro gram pu rsuant to section 521 of this Act or fails or refuses to comply with any order issued under section 521 or section 526 of this Act, or any order incorporated in a final decision issued by the Secretary under this Act, except an order incorporated in a decision issued under subsection (b ) of this section o r section 704 of this Act, sh all,

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Sec. 518 upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than one year or both. (f) Whenever a corporate permittee violates a condition of a permit issued pursuant to a Feder al program , a Feder al lands prog ram or F ederal enf orceme nt pursuant to section 502 or Feder al enforce ment of a State progr am pursu ant to section 5 21 of this Act or fails or refuses to comply with any order issued under section 521 of this Act, or any order incorporated in a final decision issued by the Secretary under this Act except an order incorporated in a decision issued under subsection (b) of this section or section 703 of this Act, any director, officer, or agent of such corporation who willfully and knowingly authorized, ordered, or carried out such violation, failure, or refusal shall be subject to the same civil penalties, fines, and imprisonment that may be imposed upon a person under subsections (a) and (e) of this section. (g) Whoever knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification, or knowingly fails to make any statement, representation, or certification in any application, record, report, plant, or other document filed or required to be maintained pursuant to a Federal program or a Federal lands program or any order of decision issued by the Secretary under this Act, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than one year or both. (h) Any operator who fails to correct a violation for which a citation has been issued under section 521(a) within the period permitted for its correction (which period shall not end until the entry of a final order by the Secretary, in the case of any review proceedings under section 525 initiated by the operator w herein the Secretary o rders, after an expedited hearing, the suspension of the abatement requirements of the citation after determining that the operator will suffer irreparable loss or damage from the application of those requirem ents, or until the entry of an order of the court, in the case of any review proceedings under section 526 initiated by the operator wherein the court orders the suspension of the abatement requirements of the citation), shall be assessed a civil penalty of not less than $750 for each day during which such failure or violation continues. (i) As a condition of approval of any State program submitted pursuant to section 503 of this Act, the civil and criminal penalty provisions thereof shall, at a minimum, incorpora te penalties no less stringent tha n those set for th in this section, and shall contain the sa me or sim ilar proced ural require ments rela ting thereto. N othing here in shall be construed so as to eliminate any additional enforcement right or procedures which are available under State law to a State regulatory authority but which are not specifically enumerated herein. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Pub. L. 100-202 relates to Section 518. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 519 RELEASE OF PERFORMAN CE BONDS OR DEPOSITS [30 U.S.C. 1269] SEC. 519. (a) The permittee may file a request with the regulatory authority for the release of all or part of a perform ance bon d or deposit. Within thirty days after any application for bond or deposit release has been filed with the regulatory authority, the operator shall submit a copy of an advertisement placed at least once a week for four successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the locality of the surface coal mining operation. Such advertisement shall be considered part of any bond release application and shall contain a notification of the precise location of the land affected, the number of acres, the permit and the date approved, the amount of the bond filed and the portion sought to be released, and the type and appropriate dates of reclama tion work perform ed, and a d escription of the results ac hieved as th ey relate to the operator's approve d reclamation plan. In a ddition, as part of any bond re lease application, the applicant shall submit copies of letters which he has sent to adjoining property owners, local governmental bodies, planning agencies, and sewage and water treatment authorities, or water companies in the locality in which the surface coal mining and reclamation activities took place, notifying them of his intention to seek release from the bond. (b) Upon receipt of the notification an d request, th e regulator y authority sh all within thirty days conduct an inspection and evaluation of the reclamation work involved. S uch evalua tion shall cons ider, am ong other th ings, the deg ree of difficu lty to complete any remaining reclamation, whether pollution of surface and subsurface water is occurring, the probability of continuance of future occurrence of such pollution, and the estimated cost of abating such pollution. The regulatory authority shall notify the permittee in writing of its decision to release or not to release all or part of the performance bond or deposit within sixty days from the filing of the request, if no public hearing is held pursuant to section 519(f), and if there has been a public hearing held pursuant to section 519(f), within thirty days thereafter. (c) The re gulatory au thority ma y release in whole or in part said bo nd or depo sit if the authority is satisfied the reclamation covered by the bond or deposit or portion thereof has been accomplished as required by this Act according to the following schedule: (1) When the operator completes the backfilling, regrading, and drainage control of a bonded are a in accordance w ith his approved reclam ation plan, the release of 60 per centum of the bond or collateral for the applicable permit area. (2) After revegetatio n has been established o n the regra ded mine d lands in accordance with the approved reclamation plan. When determining the amount of bond to be releas ed after suc cessful rev egetation ha s been estab lished, the re gulatory au thority shall retain that amount of bond for the revegetated area which would be sufficient for a third party to cover the cost of reestablishing revegetation and for the period specified for operator responsibility in section 515 of reestablishing revegetation. No part of the bond or deposit shall be release d under this paragraph so

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Sec. 519 long as the lands to which the release would be applicable are contributing suspended solids to streamflow or runoff outside the permit area in excess of the requirements set by section 51 5(b)(10) or until soil produc tivity for prim e farm la nds has retu rned to equivalent levels of yield as nonmined land of the same soil type in the surrounding area under equivalent management practices as determined from the soil survey performed pursuant to section 507(b)(16). Where a silt dam is to be retained as a permanent impoundment pursuant to section 515(b)(8), the portion of bond may be released under this paragraph so long as provisions for sound future maintenance by the operator or the landowner have been made w ith the regulatory authority. (3) When the operator has completed successfully all surface coal mining and reclamation activities, the release of the remaining portion of the bond, but not before the expiration of the period specified for operator responsibility in section 515: Provided, however, That no bond shall be fully released until all reclamation requirements of this Act are fully met. (d) If the regulatory authority disapproves the application for release of the bond or portion thereof, the authority shall notify the permittee, in writing, stating the reasons for disapproval and rec ommend ing corrective actions nece ssary to secure said release and allowing opportunity for a public hearing. (e) When any application for total or partial bond release is filed with the regulatory authority, the regulatory authority shall notify the municipality in which a surface coal mining operation is located by certified mail at least thirty days prior to the release of all or a portion of the bond. (f) Any person with a valid legal interest which might be adversely affected by release of the bond or the responsible officer or head of any Federal, State, or local governm ental agenc y which h as jurisdiction b y law or sp ecial expe rtise with re spect to any enviro nmental, social, or ec onomic im pact involve d in the oper ation, or is authorized to develop and enforce environmental standards with respect to such operations shall have the right to file written objections to the proposed release from bond to the regulatory authority within thirty days after the last publication of the above notice. If w ritten objection s are filed, an d a hearing requested , the regulato ry authority shall inform all the interested parties, of the time and place of the hearing, and hold a public hearing in the locality of the surface coal mining operation proposed for bond release within thirty days of the request for such hearing. The date, time, and location of such public hearings shall be advertised by the regulatory authority in a newspaper of general cir culation in the locality for tw o consecu tive week s, and shall ho ld a public hearing in the locality of the surface coal mining operation proposed for bond release or at the State capital at the option of the objector, within thirty days of the request for such hearing. (g) Without prejudice to the rights of the objectors, the applicant, or the responsibilities of the regulatory authority pursuant to this section, the regulatory authority may establish an informal conference as provided in section 513 to resolve such written objections. (h) For the purpose of such hearing the regulatory authority shall have the authority and is hereby empowered to administer oaths, subpena witnesses, or written 81

Sec. 519 or printed materials, com pel the attendance of w itnesses, or production of the m aterials, and take evidence including but not limited to inspections of the land affected and other surface coal mining operations carried on by the applicant in the general vicinity. A verbatim record of each public hearing required by this Act shall be made, and a transcript made available on the motion of any party or by order of the regulatory authority.

CITIZEN SUITS [30 U.S.C. 1270] SEC. 520. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any person ha ving an inter est which is or may b e adverse ly affected may com mence a civil action on his own behalf to compel compliance with this Act-(1) against the United States or any other governmental instrumentality or agency to th e extent per mitted by th e eleventh a mendm ent to the C onstitution w hich is alleged to be in violation of the provisions of this Act or of any rule, regulation, order or perm it issued pursu ant thereto, o r against any other perso n who is alle ged to be in violation of any rule, regulation, order or permit issued pursuant to this title; or (2) against the Secretary or the appropriate State regulatory authority to the extent permitted by the eleventh amendment to the Constitution where there is alleged a failure of the Secretary or the appropriate State regulatory authority to perform any act or duty under this Act which is not discretionary with the Secretary or with the appropriate State regulatory authority. The district courts shall have jurisdiction, w ithout regard to the amou nt in controversy or the citizenship of the parties. (b) No action may be comm enced (1) under subsection (a)(1)of this section (A) prior to sixty days after the plaintiff has given notice in writing of the violation (i) to the Secreta ry, (ii) to the Sta te in which the violation oc curs, and ( iii) to any alleged violator; or (B) if the Se cretary or the State has comm enced an d is diligently prosecuting a civil action in a court of the United States or a State to require compliance with the provisions of this Act, or any rule, regulation, order, or permit issued pursuant to this Act, but in any such action in a court of the United States any person may intervene as a matter of right; or (2) under subsection (a)(2) of this section prior to sixty days after the plaintiff has given notice in writing of such action to the Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulation prescribe, or to the appropriate State regulatory authority, except that such action m ay be brought imm ediately after such notification in the case where th e violation or o rder com plained of c onstitutes an im minent thr eat to the hea lth or safety of the plaintiff or would immediately affect a legal interest of the plaintiff.

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Sec. 520 (c) (1) Any action respecting a violation of this Act or the regulations thereunder may be brought only in the judicial district in which the surface coal mining operation complained of is located. (2) In such action under this section, the Secretary, or the State regulatory authority, if not a party, may intervene as a matter of right. (d) The c ourt, in issuing a ny final orde r in any actio n brought p ursuant to subsection (a) of this section, may award costs of litigation (including attorney and expert w itness fees) to a ny party, w henever th e court dete rmines su ch awa rd is appropriate. The court may, if a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction is sought require the filing of a bond or equivalent security in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. (e) Nothing in this section shall restrict any right which any person (or class of persons) may have under any statute or common law to seek enforcement of any of the provisions of this Act and the regulations thereunder, or to seek any other relief (including relief against the Secretary or the appropriate State regulatory authority). (f) Any person who is injured in his person or property through the violation by any operator of any rule, regulation, order, or permit issued pursuant to this Act may bring an ac tion for dam ages (includ ing reasona ble attorney and expe rt witness fe es) only in the judicial dis trict in which the surface coal minin g operation complain ed of is located. N othing in this sub section shall a ffect the righ ts established b y or limits imposed under S tate Workm en's Comp ensation laws.

ENFORCEMENT [30 U.S.C. 1271] SEC. 521. (a)(1) W henever, on the basis o f any inform ation availab le to him, inclu ding receip t of informa tion from a ny person, the Secreta ry has reas on to believe that a ny person is in violation of a ny require ment of this Act or an y permit condition required by this Act, the Secretary shall notify the State regulatory authority, if one exists, in th e State in w hich such v iolation exists. If no such Sta te authority e xists or the State regulatory authority fails within ten days after notification to take appropriate action to cause said violation to be corrected or to show good cause for such failure and transmit no tification of its ac tion to the Sec retary, the S ecretary s hall immediately order Federal inspection of the surface coal mining operation at which the alleged viola tion is occurr ing unless the informatio n available to the Secreta ry is a result of a previous Federal inspection of such surface coal mining operation. The ten-day notification period shall be waived when the person informing the Secretary provides adequate proof that an imminent danger of significant environmental harm exists and that the State h as failed to tak e appropr iate action. W hen the Fe deral inspec tion results from information provided to the Secretary by any person, the Secretary shall notify such person when the Federal

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Sec. 521 inspection is proposed to be carried out and such person shall be allowed to accompany the inspector during the inspection. (2) Whe n, on the ba sis of any Fe deral inspec tion, the Sec retary or his authorized representative determines that any condition or practices exist, or that any permittee is in violation of any requirement of this Act or any permit condition required by this Act, which co ndition, prac tice, or violatio n also crea tes an imm inent dange r to the health or safety of the public, or is ca using, or can reasona bly be expected to cau se significant, imminent environmental harm to land, air, or water resources, the Secretary or his authorized representative shall immediately order a cessation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations or the portion thereof relevant to the condition, practice, or violation. Such cessation order shall remain in effect until the Secretary or his authorized representative determines that the condition, practice, or violation has been abated, or until modified, vacated, or terminated by the Secretary or his authorized representative pursuant to subparagraph (a)(5) of this section. Where the Secretary finds that the ordered cessation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations, or any portion thereof, will not completely abate the imminent danger to health or safety of the public or the significant imminent environmental harm to land, air, or water resources, the Secretary shall, in addition to the cessation order, impose affirmative obligations on the operator requiring him to take whatever steps the Secretary deems necessary to abate the imminent danger or the significant environmental harm. (3) When, on the basis of a Federal inspection which is carried out during the enforcement of a Federal program or a Federal lands program, Federal inspection pursuant to se ction 502, or section 504( b) or during Federal e nforcem ent of a State program in accorda nce with s ubsection (b ) of this section, the Secreta ry or his authorized representative determines that any permittee is in violation of any requirement of this Act or any permit condition required by this Act; but such violation does not create an imminent danger to the health or safety of the public, or cannot be reasonably expected to cause significant, imminent environmental harm to land, air, or water resources, the Secretary or authorized representative shall issue a notice to the permittee or his agent fixing a reasonable time but not more than ninety days for the abatement of the violation and providing opportunity for public hearing. If, upon expiration of the period of time as originally fixed or subsequently extended, for good cause shown and upon the written finding of the Secretary or his authorized representative, the Secretary or his authorized representative finds that the violation has not been abated, he shall immediately order a cessation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations or the portion thereof relevant to the violation. Such cessation order shall remain in effect until the Secretary or his authorized representative determines that the violation has been abated, or until modified, vacated, or terminated by the Sec retary or his authorized represen tative pursua nt to subpara graph (a)( 5) of this section. In the order of cessation issued by the Secretary under this subsection, the Secretary shall determ ine the steps n ecessary to abate the vio lation in

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Sec. 521 the most expeditious manner possible, and shall include the necessary measures in the order. (4) When, on the basis of a Federal inspection which is carried out during the enforcement of a Federal program or a Federal lands program, Federal inspection pursuant to section 502 or section 504 or during Federal enforcement of a State program in accordance with subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary or his authorized representative determines that a pattern of violations of any requirements of this Act or any permit conditions required by this Act exists or has existed, and if the Secretary or his authorized representative also find that such violations are caused by the unwarranted failure of the permittee to comply with any requirements of this Act or any permit conditions, or that such violations are willfully caused by the permittee, the Secretary or his authorized representative shall forthwith issue an order to the permittee to show c ause as to w hy the perm it should not be suspended or revoke d and shall provide op portunity for a public hea ring. If a hea ring is reque sted the Sec retary shall inform all interested parties of the time and place of the hearing. Upon the permittee's failure to show cause as to why the permit should not be suspended or revoked, the Secretary or his authorized representative shall forthwith suspend or revoke the permit. (5) Notice s and orde rs issued pur suant to this sec tion shall set forth with reasonable specificity the nature of the violation and the remedial action required, the period of time established for abatement, and a reasonable description of the portion of the surface coal mining and reclamation operation to which the notice or order applies. Each notice or order issued under this section shall be given promptly to the permittee or his agent by the Secretary or his authorized representative who issues such notice or order, and all such notices and orders shall be in writing and shall be signed by such authorized representatives. Any notice or order issued pursuant to this section may be modified, vacated, or terminated by the Secretary or his authorized representative. A copy of any such order or notice shall be sent to the State regulatory authority in the State in which the violation occurs: Provided, That any notice or order issued pursuant to this section w hich requir es cessation of mining b y the opera tor shall expir e within thirty days of actual notice to the operator unless a public hearing is held at the site or within such reasonable proximity to the site that any viewings of the site can be conducted during the course of public hearing. (b) Whenever on the basis of information available to him, the Secretary has reason to be lieve that viola tions of all or an y part of an a pproved S tate progra m result from a failure of the State to enforce such State program or any part thereof effectively, he shall after public notice and notice to the State, ho ld a hearing thereon in the State within thirty days of such notice. If as a result of said hearing the Secretary finds that there are violations and such violations result from a failure of the State to enforce all or any part of the State program effectively, and if he further finds that the State has not adequate ly demon strated its cap ability and inte nt to enforce such State p rogram , he shall give public notice of such finding. During the period beginning with such public notice and ending when such State satisfies the Secretary that it will enforce this Act, the Secretary shall enforce, in the manner provided by

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Sec. 521 this Act, any permit condition required under this Act, shall issue new or revised permits in accordance with requirements of this Act, and may issue such notices and orders as are necessary for compliance therewith: Provided, That in the c ase of a Sta te permittee who has met his oblig ations unde r such perm it and who did not willfu lly secure the issuance of such permit through fraud or collusion, the Secretary shall give the perm ittee a reaso nable time to conform ongoing sur face min ing and rec lamation to the requirements of this Act before suspending or revoking the State permit. (c) The Secretary may request the Attorney General to institute a civil action for relief, including a permanent or temporary injunction, restraining order, or any other appropriate order in the district court of the United States for the district in which the surface coal mining and reclamation operation is located or in which the permittee thereof has his principal office, whenever such permittee or his agent (A) violates or fails or refuse s to comply with any o rder or de cision issued b y the Secre tary under this Act, or (B) interferes with, hinders, or delays the Secretary or his authorized representatives in carrying out the provisions of this Act, or (C) refuses to admit such authorized representative to the mine, or (D) refuses to permit inspection of the mine by such authorized representative, or (E) refuses to furnish any information or report requested by the Secr etary in furth erance o f the provision s of this Act, or (F) refu ses to permit ac cess to, and copying of , such reco rds as the Se cretary de termines n ecessary in carrying out the provisions of this Act. Such court shall have jurisdiction to provide such relief a s may be appropria te. Tem porary re straining ord ers shall be issu ed in accordance with rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as amended. Any relief grante d by the cou rt to enforce an order u nder claus e (A) of th is section shall continue in effect until the completion or final termination of all proceedings for review of such order under this title, unless, prior thereto, the district court granting such relief sets it aside or modifies it. (d) As a condition of approval of any State program submitted pursuant to section 503 of this A ct, the enfor cemen t provisions the reof shall, at a minimu m, incorp orate sanctions no less stringent than those set forth in this section, and shall contain the same or similar procedural requirements relating thereto. Nothing herein shall be construed so as to elim inate any ad ditional enfor cemen t rights or proc edures w hich are av ailable under State law to a State regulatory authority but which are not specifically enumerated herein.

DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING [30 U.S.C. 1272] SEC. 522. (a)(1) To be eligible to assume primary regulatory authority pursuant to section 503, each State shall establish a planning process enabling objective decisions based upon competent and scientifically sound data and information as to whic h, if any, land areas of a S tate are uns uitable for all o r certain

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Sec. 522 types of surface coal mining operations pursuant to the standards set forth in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection but such designation shall not prevent the mineral exploration pursuant to the Act of any area so designated. (2) Upon petition pursu ant to subsec tion (c) of this se ction, the Sta te regulatory authority shall designate an area as unsuitable for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations if the State regulatory authority determines that reclamation pursuant to the requirements of this Act is not technologically and economically feasible. (3) Upon petition pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, a surface area may be designated unsuitable for certain types of surface coal mining operations if such operations will (A) be incompatible with existing State or local land use plans or programs; or (B) affec t fragile or histo ric lands in w hich such o perations co uld result in significant damage to important historic, cultural, scientific, and esthetic values and natural systems; or (C) affec t renewa ble resourc e lands in w hich such o perations co uld result in a substantial loss or reduction of long-range productivity of water supply or of food or fiber products, and such lands to include aquifers and aquifer recharge areas; or (D) affec t natural haz ard lands in w hich such o perations co uld substantially endanger life and property, such lands to include areas subject to frequent flooding and areas of unstable geology. (4) To comply with this section, a State must demonstrate it has developed or is developing a process which includes (A) a State agency responsible for surface coal mining lands review; (B) a data base and an inventory system which will permit proper evaluation o f the capac ity of differen t land areas of the State to s upport and permit reclamation of surface coal mining operations; (C) a method or methods for implementing land use planning decisions concerning surface coal mining operations; and (D) proper notice, opportunities for public participation, including a public hear ing prior to m aking any d esignation or redesigna tion, pursua nt to this section. (5) Determinations of the unsuitability of land for surface coal mining, as provided for in this section, shall be integrated as closely as possible with present and future land use planning and regulation processes at the Federal, State, and local levels. (6) The requirements of this section shall not apply to lands on which surface coal mining operations are being conducted on the date of enactment of this Act or under a permit issued pursuant to this Act, or where substantial legal and financial commitments in such operation were in existence prior to January 4, 1977. (b) The Secretary shall conduct a review of the Federal lands to determine, pursuant to th e standard s set forth in pa ragraphs ( 2) and (3) o f subsection ( a) of this

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Sec. 522 section, w hether ther e are area s on Fede ral lands w hich are un suitable for a ll or certain types of surface coal mining operations: Provided, however, That the Secretary may permit surface coal mining on Federal lands prior to the completion of this review. When the Secretary determines an area on Federal lands to be unsuitable for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations, he shall withdraw such area or condition any mineral leasing or mineral entries in a manner so as to limit surface coal mining operations o n such are a. Whe re a Fede ral program has been im plemente d in a State pursuant to section 504, the Secretary shall implement a process for designation of areas unsuitable for surface coal mining for non-Federal lands within such State and such process sha ll incorporate the standard s and proc edures of th is section. Prio r to designating F ederal land s unsuitable fo r such min ing, the Sec retary shall c onsult with the appropriate State and local agencies. (c) Any person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected shall have the right to petition the regulatory authority to have an area designated as unsuitable for surface coal mining operations, or to have such a designation terminated. Such a petition shall co ntain allegatio ns of facts w ith supporting evidence which w ould tend to establish the allegations. Within ten months after receipt of the petition the regulatory authority sha ll hold a public h earing in the locality of the a ffected are a, after app ropriate notice and publication of the date, time, and location of such hearing. After a person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected has filed a petition and before the hearing, as required by this subsection, any person may intervene by filing allegations of facts with supporting evidence which would tend to establish the allegations. Within sixty days after such hearing, the regulatory authority shall issue and furnish to the petitioner and any other party to the hearing, a written decision regarding the petition, and the reasons therefore. In the event that all the petitioners stipulate agreement prior to the requested hearing, and withdraw their request, such hearing need not be held. (d) Prior to designating any land areas as unsuitable for surface coal mining operations, the regulatory authority shall prepare a detailed statement on (i) the potential coal resources of the area, (ii) the demand for coal resources, and (iii) the impact of such designation on the environment, the economy, and the supply of coal. (e) After the enactment of this Act and subject to valid existing rights no surface coal mining operations except those which exist on the date of enactment of this Act shall be permitted (1) on any lands within the boundaries of units of the National Park System, the National Wildlife Refuge Systems, the National System of Trails, the National Wilderness Preservation System, the Wild and Scenic Rivers System, including study rivers designated under section 5(a) of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and National Recreation Areas designated by Act of Congress; (2) on any F ederal land s within the b oundaries of any nation al forest: Provided, however, That surface coal mining operations may be permitted on such lands if the Secretary finds that there are no significant recreational, timber,

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Sec. 522 economic, or other values which may be incompatible with such surface mining operations and (A) surface operations and impacts are incident to an underground coal mine; or (B) where the Secretary of Agriculture determines, with respect to lands which do not have sign ificant forest c over with in those nation al forests w est of the 100 th meridian , that surface mining is in c omplianc e with the M ultiple-Use Sustained-Y ield Act of 1960, the F ederal Coal Le asing Amen dments Act of 1 975, the National Fo rest Management A ct of 1976, and the provisions of this Act: And provided further, That no surface coal mining operations may be permitted within the boundaries of the Custer National Forest; (3) which will adver sely affect a ny publicly o wned pa rk or place s included in the National Register of Historic Sites unless approved jointly by the regulatory authority and the Federal, State, or local agency with jurisdiction over the park or the historic site; (4) within o ne hundre d feet of the o utside right-of -way line of any pub lic road, except where mine access roads or haulage roads join such right-of-way line and except that the regulatory authority may permit such roads to be relocated or the area affected to lie within one hundred feet of such road, if after public notice and opportunity f or public he aring in the loc ality a written finding is ma de that the inte rests of the public and the landowners affected thereby will be protected; or (5) within three hundred feet from any occupied dwelling, unless waived by the owner thereof, nor within three hundred feet of any public building, school, church, community, or institutional building, public park, or within one hundred feet of a cemetery.

FEDERAL LANDS [30 U.S.C. 1273] SEC. 523. (a) No later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate and implement a Federal lands program which shall be applicable to all surface coal mining and reclamation operations taking place pursuant to any Federal law on any Federal lands: Provided, That exc ept as provid ed in section 710 the provisions of this Act shall not be applicable to Indian lands. The Federal la nds progra m shall, at a minimu m, incorp orate all of the requirem ents of this Act and shall take into consideration the diverse physical, climatological, and other unique cha racteristics of the Feder al lands in que stion. Wh ere Fede ral lands in a S tate with an ap proved Sta te program are involve d, the Fed eral lands pr ogram sh all, at a minimum, include the requirements of the approved State program: Provided, That the Secretary shall retain his duties under sections 2(a), (2)(B) and 2(a)(3) of the Federal Mineral Leasing Act, as amended, and shall continue to be responsible for

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Sec. 523 designation of Federal lands as unsuitable for mining in accordance with section 522(b) of this title. (b) The requirements of this Act and the Federal lands program or an approved State program for State regulation of surface coal mining on Federal lands under subsection (c), whiche ver is applicable, shall be incorpo rated by reference or otherwise in any Federal mineral lease, permit, or contract issued by the Secretary which may involve surface coal mining and reclamation operations. Incorporation of such requirem ents shall not, h oweve r, limit in any w ay the autho rity of the Sec retary to subsequen tly issue new regulations, revise the F ederal land s program to deal with changing conditions or changed technology, and to require any surface mining and reclamation operations to conform with the requirements of this Act and the regulations issued pursuant to this Act. (c) Any State with an approved State program may elect to enter into a cooperative agreement with the Secretary to provide for State regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Federal lands within the State, provided the Secretary determin es in writing that such Sta te has the ne cessary pe rsonnel and funding to fu lly implem ent such a c ooperative agreem ent in accor dance w ith the provision of this Act. States with cooperative agreements existing on the date of enactment of this Act, may elect to continue regulation on Federal lands within the State, prior to approval by the Secretary of their State program, or imposition of a Federal program, provided that such existing cooperative agreement is modified to fully comply with the initial regulatory procedures set forth in section 502 of this Act. Nothing in this subsection shall be con strued as au thorizing the Secretary to delegate to the States his d uty to approve m ining plans on Federal la nds, to design ate certain F ederal land s as unsuitable for surface coal mining pursuant to section 522 of this Act, or to regulate other activities taking place on Federal lands. (d) The Secretary shall develop a program to assure that with respect to the granting of permits, leases, or contracts for coal owned by the United States, that no class of purchasers of the mined coal shall be unreasonably denied purchase thereof.

PUBLIC AGENCIES, PUBLIC UTILITIES, AND PUBLIC CORPORATIONS [30 U.S.C. 1274] SEC. 524. Any agency, unit, or instrumentality of Federal, State, or local government, including any publicly owned utility or publicly owned corporation of Federal, State, or local government, which proposes to engage in surface coal mining operations which are subject to the requirements of this Act shall comply with the provisions of title V.

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Sec. 525 REVIEW BY SECRETARY [30 U.S.C. 1275] SEC. 525. (a)(1) A permittee issued a notice or order by the Secretary pursuant to the provisions of subparagraphs (a)(2) and (3) of section 521 of this title, or pursuant to a Federal program or the Federal lands program or any person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected by such notice or order or by any modification, vacation, or termination of such notice or order, may apply to the Secretary for review of the notice o r order w ithin thirty days o f receipt ther eof or w ithin thirty days of its modification, vacation, or termination. Upon receipt of such application, the Secretary shall cause such investigation to be made as he deems appropriate. Such investigation shall provide an opportunity for a public hearing, at the request of th e applicant o r the person having an in terest whic h is or may be advers ely affected, to enable the applicant or such person to present information relating to the issuance and continuance of such notice or order or the modification, vacation, or terminatio n thereof. T he filing of an application fo r review under this sub section shall not operate as a stay of any order or notice. (2) The permittee and other interested persons shall be given written notice of the time an d place of th e hearing a t least five day s prior there to. Any su ch hearing shall be of record and shall be subject to section 554 of title 5 of the United States Code. (b) Upon receiving the report of such investigation, the Secretary shall make findings of fact, and shall issue a written decision, incorporating therein an order vacating, affirming, modifying, or terminating the notice or order, or the modification, vacation, o r termina tion of such n otice or orde r compla ined of and incorpora te his findings therein. Where the application for review concerns an order for cessation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations issued pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (a)(2) or (a)(3) of section 521 of this title, the Secretary shall issue the written decision within thirty day s of the receipt of the application for re view, unless tempora ry relief has been gran ted by the Se cretary pu rsuant to subp aragraph (c) of this section or by the court pursuant to subparagraph (c) of section 526 of this title. (c) Pending completion of the investigation and hearing required by this section, the applicant may file with the Secretary a written request that the Secretary grant temporary relief from any notice or order issued under section 521 of this title, a Federal program or the Federal lands program together with a detailed statement giving reasons for granting such relief. The Secretary shall issue an order or decision granting or denying such relief expeditiously: Provided, That where the applicant requests relief from an order for c essation of c oal mining and reclam ation opera tions issued pu rsuant to subparagraph (a)(2) or (a)(3) of section 521 of this title, the order or decision on such a request shall be issued within five days of its receipt. The Secretary may grant such relief, under such conditions as he may prescribe, if--

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Sec. 525 (1) a hearing has been held in the locality of the permit are a on the request for temporary relief in which all parties were given an opportunity to be heard; (2) the applicant shows that there is substantial likelihood that the findings of the Secretary will be favorable to him; and (3) such relief will not adversely affect the health or safety of the public or cause significant, imminent environmental harm to land, air, or water resources. (d) Following the issuance of an order to show cause as to why a permit should not be suspend ed or revo ked pursua nt to section 52 1, the Secr etary shall ho ld a public hearing after giving written notice of the time, place, and date thereof. Any such hearing shall be of record and shall be subject to section 554 of title 5 of the United States Code. Within sixty days following the public hearing, the Secretary shall issue and furnish to the permittee and all other parties to the hearing a written decision, and the reasons therefor, concerning suspension or revocation of the permit. If the Secretary revokes the permit, the permittee shall immediately cease surface coal mining operations on the permit area and shall complete reclamation within a period specified by the Secretary, or the Secretary shall declare as forfeited the performance bonds for the operation. (e) Whenever an order is issued under this section, or as a result of any administra tive procee ding under this Act, at the request of a ny person, a sum eq ual to the aggregate amount of all costs and expenses (including attorney fees) as determined by the Secretary to have been reasonably incurred by such person for or in connection with his participation in such proceedings, including any judicial review of agency actions, may be assessed against either party as the court, resulting from judicial review or the Secretary, resulting from administrative proceedings, deems proper.

JUDICIAL REVIEW [30 U.S.C. 1276] SEC. 526. (a)(1) Any action of the Secretary to approve or disapprove a State program or to prepare or promulgate a Federal program pursuant to this Act shall be subject to judicial review by the United States District Court for the District which includes the capital of the State whose program is at issue. Any action by the Secretary promulg ating nationa l rules or regu lations includin g standards pursuant to sections 501, 515, 516, and 523 shall be subject to judicial review in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Circuit. Any other action constituting rulemaking by the Secretary shall be subject to judicial review only by the United States District Court for the District in which the surface coal mining operation is located. Any action subject to judicial review under this subsection shall be affirmed unless the court conc ludes that suc h action is arb itrary, capr icious, or othe rwise inco nsistent with law. A petition for review of any action subject to judicial review under this subsection shall be filed in the appropriate Court within sixty days from the date of such action, or after such date if the petition is based solely on

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Sec. 526 grounds arising after the sixtieth day. Any such petition may be made by any person who participated in the administrative proceedings and who is aggrieved by the action of the Secretary. (2) Any o rder or de cision issued b y the Secre tary in a civil pe nalty proceeding or any other proceeding required to be conducted pursuant to 5 U.S.C. subsection 554 shall be subject to judicial review on or before 30 days from the date of such order or decision in accordance with subsection (b) of this section in the United States Distric t Court for the district in w hich the surf ace coal m ining opera tion is located. In the case of a proceeding to review an order or decision issued by the Secretary under the penalty section of this Act, the court shall have jurisdiction to enter an order requiring payment of any civil penalty assessment enforced by its judgment. This availa bility of review established in this subsection shall not be co nstrued to lim it the operations of rights established in Section 520. (b) The courts shall hear such petition or complaint solely on the record made before the Secretary. Except as provided in subsection (a), the findings of the Secretary if supported by substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole, shall be conclusive. The court may affirm, vacate, or modify any order or decision or may remand the proceedings to the Secretary for such further action as it may direct. (c) In the case of a proceeding to review any order or decision issued by the Secretary under this Act, including an order or decision issued pursuant to subparagraph (c) or (d) of section 525 of this title pertaining to any order issued under subparagraph (a)(2), (a)(3), or (a)(4) of section 521 of this title for cessation of coal mining and reclamation operations, the court may, under such conditions as it may prescribe, grant such temporary relief as it deems appropriate pending final determination of the proceedings if -(1) all parties to the procee dings have been notifie d and given an opportu nity to be heard on a request for temporary relief; (2) the person requesting such relief shows that there is a substantial likelihood that he will prevail on the merits of the final determination of the proceeding; and (3) such relief will not adverse ly affect the public health or safety or cause significant imminent env ironmental harm to land, air, or water reso urces. (d) The com mencem ent of a proceeding un der this section shall not, unless specifically ordered by the court, operate as a stay of the action, order, or decision of the Secretary. (e) Action of the State regulatory authority pursuant to an approved State program shall be subject to judicial review by a court of competent jurisdiction in accordance with State law, but the availability of such review shall not be construed to limit the operation of the rights established in section 520 except as provided therein.

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Sec. 527 SPECIAL BITUMINOUS COAL MINES [30 U.S.C. 1277] SEC. 527. (a) The re gulatory au thority is author ized to issue se parate regulations f or those spe cial bitumin ous coal sur face min es located w est of the 100 th meridian west longitude which meet the following criteria: (1) the exca vation of the s pecific m ine pit takes pla ce on the sa me relativ ely limited site for an extended period of time; (2) the excavation of the specific mine pit follows a coal seam having an inclination of fifteen degrees or more from the horizontal, and continues in the same area proc eeding dow nward w ith lateral exp ansion of the pit necessar y to mainta in stability or as necessary to accommodate the orderly expansion of the total mining operation; (3) the excavation of the specific mine pit involves the mining of more than one coal se am and m ining has bee n initiated on the deepest co al seam c ontempla ted to be mined in the current operation; (4) the amount of material removed is large in proportion to the surface area disturbed; (5) there is no practicable alternative method of mining the coal involved; (6) there is no practicable method to reclaim the land in the manner required by this Act; and (7) the specific mine pit has been actually producing coal since January 1, 1972, in such manner as to meet the criteria set forth in this section, and, because of past duration of mining, is substantially committed to a mode of operation which warrants exceptions to some provisions of this title. (b) Such se parate reg ulations shall a lso contain a d istinct part to co ver and pe rtain to new bituminous coal surface mines which may be developed after the date of enactment of this Act on lands immediately adjacent to lands upon which are located special bituminous mines existing on January 1, 1972. Such new mines shall meet the criteria of section 527(a) except for subparagraphs (3) and (7), and all requirements of State law, notwithstanding in whole or part the regulations issued pursuant to subsection (c) of this section. In the event of an amendment or revision to the State's regulatory program, regulations, or decisions made thereunder governing such mines, the Secretary shall issue such additional regulations as necessary to meet the purposes of this Act. (c) Such a lternative re gulations m ay pertain o nly to the stand ards gove rning onsite handling of spoils, elimination of depressions capable of collecting water, creation of impoundments, and regrading to the approximate original contour and shall specify that remainin g highwa lls are stable. A ll other perfo rmance standards in this title shall apply to such mines.

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Sec. 528 SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS NOT SUBJECT TO THIS ACT [30 U.S.C. 1278] SEC. 528. The provisions of this Act shall not apply to any of the following activities: (1) the extraction of coal by a lan downer for his ow n noncomm ercial use from land owned or leased by him; and (2) the extraction of coal as an incidental part of Federal, State or local government-financed highway or other construction under regulations established by the regulatory authority. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 528(2) amended May 7, 1987. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ANTHRACITE COAL M INES [30 U.S.C. 1279] SEC. 529. (a) The S ecretary is a uthorized to and shall issue separate regulations according to time schedules established in the Act for anthracite coal surface mines, if su ch mines are regula ted by envir onmenta l protection sta ndards of th e State in which they are located. Such alternative regulations shall adopt, in each instance, the environmental protection provisions of the State regulatory program in existence at the date of enactment of this Act in lieu of sections 515 and 516. Provisions of sections 509 and 519 are applicable except for specified bond limits and period of revegetation responsibility. All other provisions of this Act apply and the regulation issued by the Secretary of Interior fo r each State anthracite r egulatory p rogram shall so reflec t: Provided, however, That upon amendment of a State's regulatory program for anthracite mining or regulations thereunder in force in lieu of the above-cited sections of this Act, the Secretary shall issue such additional regulations as necessary to meet the purposes o f this Act. (b) The Secretary of Interior shall report to Congress biennially, commencing on December 31, 1977, as to the effectiveness of such State anthracite regulatory programs operating in conjunction with this Act with respect to protecting the environment and such reports shall include those recommendations the Secretary deems necessary for program changes in order to be tter meet th e environm ental protec tion objective s of this Act.

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TITLE VI -- DESIGNATION OF LANDS UNSUITABLE FOR NONCOAL MINING

DESIGNATION PROCEDURES [30 U.S.C. 1281] SEC. 601. (a) With respect to Federal lands within any State, the Secretary of Interior m ay, and if so requested by the Go vernor of s uch State sh all, review any area within such lands to assess whether it may be unsuitable for mining operations for minerals or materials other than coal, pursuant to the criteria and procedures of this section. (b) An area of Federal land may be designated under this section as unsuitable for mining operations if (1) such area consists of Federal land of a predominantly urban or suburban characte r, used prim arily for resid ential or relate d purposes , the mine ral estate of which remains in the public domain, or (2) such area consists of Federal land where mining operations would have an adverse impact on lands used primarily for residential or related purposes. (c) Any person having an interest which is or may be adversely affected shall have the right to petition the Secretary to seek exclusion of an area from mining operations pursuant to this section or the redesignation of an area or part thereof as suitable for such operations. Such petition shall contain allegations of fact with supporting evidence which would tend to substantiate the allegations. The petitioner shall be granted a hearing within a reasonable time and finding with reasons therefor upon the matter of their petition. In any instance where a Governor requests the Secretary to review an area, or where the Secretary finds the national interest so requires, the Secretary may temporarily withdraw the area to be reviewed from mineral entry or leasing pending such review: Provided, however, That such temporary withdrawal be ended as promptly as practicable and in no event shall exceed two years. (d) In no event is a land area to be designated unsuitable for mining operations under this section on which mining operations are being conducted prior to the holding of a hearing on such petition in accordance with subsection (c) hereof. Valid existing rights shall be preserved and not affected by such designation. Designation of an area as unsuitable for mining operations under this section shall not prevent subsequent mineral exploration of such area, except that such exploration shall require the prior written consent of the holder of the surface estate, which consent shall be filed with the Secretary. The Secretary may promulgate, with respect to any designated area, regulations to minimize any adverse effects of such exploration. (e) Prior to any designation pursuant to this section, the Secretary shall prepare a detailed statement on (i) the potential mineral resources of the area, (ii) the demand for such mineral resources, and (iii) the impact of such designation or the absence of

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Sec. 601 such designation on the environment, economy, and the supply of such mineral resources. (f) When the Secretary designates an area of Federal lands as unsuitable for all or certain type s of mining operations f or miner als and m aterials other than coal pu rsuant to this section he may withdraw such area from mineral entry or leasing, or condition such entry o r leasing so a s to limit such m ining opera tions in accor dance w ith his determin ation, if the Se cretary also determin es, based o n his analysis p ursuant to subsection 601(e), that the benefits resulting from such designation would be greater than the benefits to the regional or national economy which could result from mineral development of such area. (g) Any p arty with a valid legal inte rest who h as appear ed in the pro ceedings in connection with the Se cretary's d etermina tion pursuan t to this section an d who is aggrieved by the Secretary's decision (or by his failure to act within a reasonable time) shall have the right of appeal for review by the United States district court for the district in which the pertinent area is located.

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TITLE VII -- ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

DEFINITIONS [30 U.S.C. 1291] SEC. 701. For the purposes of this Act (1) "alluvial valley floors" means the unconsolidated stream laid deposits holding streams where water availability is sufficient for subirrigation or flood irrigation agricultural activities but does not include upland areas which are generally overlain by a thin veneer of colluvial deposits composed chiefly of debris from sheet erosion, deposits by unconcentra ted runoff or slope wa sh, together with talus, other m ass moveme nt accumulation and windblown d eposits; (2) "approximate original contour" means that surface configuration achieved by backfilling and grading of the mined area so that the reclaimed area, including any terracing or access roads, closely resembles the general surface configuration of the land prior to mining and blends into and complements the drainage pattern of the surroundin g terrain, w ith all highwa lls and spoil piles e liminated; w ater impo undmen ts may be permitted where the regulatory authority determines that they are in compliance with section 515(b)(8) of this Act; (3) "commerce" means trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, transmission, or communication among the several States, or between a State and any other place outside thereof, or betwee n points in the sa me State which dir ectly or indire ctly affect inte rstate commerce; (4) "Federal lands" means any land, including mineral interests, owned by the United States without regard to how the United States acquired ownership of the land and without regard to the agency having responsibility for management thereof, except Indian lands: Provided, That for the purposes o f this Act lands or miner al interests east of the one hundredth meridian west longitude owned by the United States and entrusted to or managed by the Tennessee Valley Authority shall not be subject to sections 714 (Surface Owner Protection) and 715 (Federal Lessee Protection) of this Act. (5) "Federal lands program" means a program established by the Secretary pursuant to section 523 to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Federal lands; (6) "Fede ral program " means a program established b y the Secre tary pursua nt to section 504 to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations on lands within a State in accordance with the requirements of this Act; (7) "fund" m eans the A bandone d Mine R eclama tion Fund e stablished pu rsuant to section 401; (8) "imminent danger to the health and safety of the public" means the existence of any condition or practice, or any violation of a permit or other requirement of this Act in a surface coal mining and reclamation operation, which condition, practice, or

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Sec. 701 violation could reasonably be expected to cause substantial physical harm to persons outside the permit area before such condition, practice, or violation can be abated. A reasonable expectation of death or serious injury before abatement exists if a rational person, subjected to the same conditions or practices giving rise to the peril, would not expose himself or herself to the danger during the time necessary for abatement; (9) "Indian lands" means all lands, including mineral interests, within the exterior boundaries of any Federal Indian reservation, notwithstanding the issuance of any patent, and including righ ts-of-way , and all lands including m ineral intere sts held in trust for or supervised by an Indian tribe; (10) "Indian tribe" means any Indian tribe, band, group, or community having a governing body recognized by the Secretary; (11) "lands within any State" or "lands within such State" means all lands within a State other than Federal lands and Indian lands; (12) "Office" means the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement established pursuant to title II; (13) "operator" means any person, partnership, or corporation engaged in coal mining who removes or intends to remove more than two hundred and fifty tons of coal from the earth by coal mining within twelve consecutive calendar months in any one location; (14) "other minerals" means clay, stone, sand, gravel, metalliferous and nonmetalliferous ores, and any other solid material or substances of commercial value excavated in solid form from natural deposits on or in the earth, exclusive of coal and those minerals which occur naturally in liquid or gaseous form; (15) "permit" means a permit to conduct surface coal mining and reclamation operations issued by the State regulatory authority pursuant to a State program or by the Secretary pursuant to a Federal program; (16) "perm it applicant" or "applicant" means a person ap plying for a p ermit; (17) "permit area" means the area of land indicated on the approved map submitted by the operator with his application, which area of land shall be covered by the operator's bond as req uired by sec tion 509 of this A ct and shall be readily iden tifiable by appropriate markers on the site; (18) "permittee" means a person holding a permit; (19) "person" means an individual, partnership, association, society, joint stock company, firm, company, corporation, or other business organization; (20) the term "prime fa rmland" shall have the same m eaning as th at previously prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture on the basis of such factors as moisture availability, temperature regime, chemical balance, permeability, surface layer composition, susceptibility to flooding, and erosion characteristics, and which historically have been used for intensive agricultural purposes, and as published in the Federal Register. (21) "reclamation plan" means a plan submitted by an applicant for a permit under a State program or Federal program which sets forth a plan for reclamation of the proposed surface coal mining operations pursuant to section 508;

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Sec. 701 (22) "regu latory autho rity" mea ns the State re gulatory au thority whe re the State is administering this Act under an approved State program or the Secretary where the Secretary is administering this Act under a Federal program; (23) "Secretary" m eans the Secretary of the Interior, except wh ere otherwise described; (24) "State" means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonw ealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Guam ; (25) "State program" means a program established by a State pursuant to section 503 to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations, on lands within such State in accord with the requirements of this Act and regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to this Act; (26) "State r egulatory a uthority" m eans the de partmen t or agency in each State which has primary responsibility at the State level for administering this Act; (27) "surface coal mining and reclamation operations" means surface mining operations and all activities necessary and incident to the reclamation of such operations after the date of enactment of this Act; (28) "surface coal mining operations" means (A) activities conducted on the surface of lands in connection with a surface coal mine or subject to the requirements of section 516 surface operations and surface impacts incident to an underground coal mine, the products of which enter commerce or the operations of which directly or indirectly affect interstate commerce. Such activities include excavation for the purpose of obtaining coal including such common methods as contour, strip, auger, mountaintop removal, box cut, open pit, and area mining, the uses of explosives and blasting, and in situ distillation or retorting, leaching or other chemical or physical processing, and the cleaning, concentrating, or other processing or preparation, loading of coal for interstate commerce at or near the mine site: Provided, however, That such activities do not include the extraction of coal incidental to the extraction of other minerals where coal does not exceed 16 2/3 per centum of the tonnage of minerals removed for purposes of commercial use or sale or coal explorations subject to section 512 of this Act; and (B) the areas upon which such activities occur or where such activities disturb the natural land surface. Such areas shall also include any adjacent land the use of which is incidental to any such activities, all lands affected by the construction of new roads or the improvement or use of existing roads to gain access to the site of such activities and for haulage, and excavations, workings, impoundments, dams, ventilation shafts, entry ways, re fuse banks , dumps, stockpiles, ov erburden piles, spoil ban ks, culm banks, tailings, holes or depressions, r epair areas, storage are as, processing areas, shipping areas and other areas upon which are sited structures, facilities, or other property or materials on the surface, resulting from or incident to such activities; and (29) "unwarranted failure to comply" means the failure of a permittee to prevent the occurr ence of an y violation of h is permit or any requir ement of this Act due to indifference, lack of diligence, or lack of reasonable care, or the failure to abate any

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Sec. 701 violation of such permit or the Act due to indifference, lack of diligence, or lack of reasonable care; (30) "lignite coal" means c onsolidated lignitic coal having less than 8,30 0 British thermal units per pound, moist and mineral matter free; (31) the term "coal laboratory", as used in title VIII, means a university coal research laboratory established and operated pursuant to a designation made under section 801 of this Act; (32) the term "institution of higher education" as used in titles VIII and IX, means any such institution as defined by section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1968; (33) the term 'unanticipated event or condition' as used in section 510(e) means an event or condition encountered in a remining operation that was not contemplated by the applicable surface coal mining and reclamation permit; and ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 701(33) added October 24, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(34) the term 'lands eligible for remining' means those lands that would otherwise be eligible for expenditures under section 404 or under section 402(g)(4). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 701(34) added October 24, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OTHER FEDERAL LAW S [30 U.S.C. 1292] SEC. 702. (a) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as superseding, amending, modifying, or repealing the Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 21a), the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-47), or any of the following Acts or with any rule or regulation promulgated thereunder, including, but not limited to (1) The Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act (30 U.S.C. 721-740). (2) The Federal Coal Mine H ealth and Safety Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 742). (3) The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (79 Stat. 903), as amended (33 U.S.C. 1151-1175), the State laws enacted pursuant thereto, or other Federal laws relating to preservation of water quality. (4) The Clean Air Act, as amend ed (42 U.S.C. 1857 et seq.). (5) The Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 3251-3259). (6) The Refuse Act of 1899 (33 U.S.C. 407). (7) The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1934 (16 U.S.C. 661-666c). (8) The Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amende d (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.). (b) Nothing in this Act shall affect in any way the authority of the Secretary or

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Sec. 702 the heads of other Federal agencies under other provisions of law to include in any lease, license, permit, contract, or other instrument such conditions as may be appropriate to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations on land under their jurisdiction. (c) To the greatest extent practicable each Federal agency shall cooperate with the Secretary and the States in carrying out the provisions of this Act. (d) Approval of the State programs, pursuant to section 503(b), promulgation of Federal programs, pursuant to section 504, and implementation of the Federal lands program s, pursuant to section 523 o f this Act, sh all not constitute a major a ction within the meaning of section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332). Adoption of regulations under section 501(b) shall constitute a major action within the meaning of section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).

EMPLOYEE PROTECTION [30 U.S.C. 1293] SEC. 703. (a) No person shall discharge, or in any other way discriminate against, or cause to be fired or discriminated against, any employee or any authorized representative of employees by reason of the fact that such employee or representative has filed, instituted, or caused to be filed or instituted any proceeding under this Act, or has testified or is about to testify in any proceeding resulting from the administration or enforcement of the provisions of this Act. (b) Any employee or a representative of employees who believes that he has been fired or otherwise discriminated against by any person in violation of subsection (a) of this section may, within thirty days after such alleged violation occurs, apply to the Secretary for a review of such firing or alleged discrimination. A copy of the application shall be sent to the person or operator who will be the respondent. Upon receipt of such application, the Secretary shall cause such investigation to be made as he deems appropriate. Such investigation shall provide an opportunity for a public hearing at the request of any party to such review to enable the parties to present information relating to the alleged violation.The parties shall be given written notice of the time and place of the hearing at least five days prior to the hearing. Any such hearing shall be of record and shall be subject to section 554 of title 5 of the United States Code. Upon receiving the report of such investigation the Secretary shall make findings of fact. If he finds that a violation did oc cur, he sha ll issue a decisio n incorpor ating therein his findings and an order requiring the party committing the violation to take such affirmative action to abate the violation as the Secretary deems appropriate, including, but not limited to, the rehiring or reinstatement of the employee or representative of employees to his former position with compensation. If he finds that there was no violation, he will issue a finding. Orders issued by the

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Sec. 703 Secretary under this subsection shall be subject to judicial review in the same manner as orders and decisions of the Secretary are subject to judicial review under this Act. (c) Whenever an order is issued under this section to abate any violation, at the request of the applicant a sum equal to the aggregate amount of all costs and expenses (including atto rneys' fee s) to have be en reason ably incurr ed by the ap plicant for, o r in connection with, the institution and prosecution of such proceedings, shall be assessed against the persons committing the violation.

PENALTY FOR INTERFERENCE [30 U.S.C. 1294] SEC. 704. Any per son who shall, excep t as permitte d by law, willfully resist, prevent, impede, or interfere with the Secretary or any of his agents in the performance of duties pursuant to this Act shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Pub. L. 95-87 also amended section 1114 of Title 18. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GRANTS TO THE STATES [30 U.S.C. 1295] SEC. 705. (a) The S ecretary is a uthorized to make a nnual gran ts to any State for the purpose of assisting such State in developing, administering, and enforcing State progr ams und er this Act. Except a s provided in subsection (c ) of this section, such grants shall not exceed 80 per centum of the total costs incurred during the first year, 60 per centum of total costs incurred during the second year, and 50 per centum of the total costs incurred during each year thereafter. (b) The Secretary is authorized to cooperate with and provide assistance to any State for the purpose of assisting it in the development, administration, and enforcement of its State programs. Such cooperation and assistance shall include (1) technical assistance and training including provision of necessary curricular and instruction materials, in the development, administration, and enforcement of the State programs; and (2) assistance in preparing and maintaining a continuing inventory of information on surface coal mining and reclamation operations for each State for the purposes o f evaluating the effective ness of the S tate progra ms. Such assistance sh all include all Federal departments and agencies making available data relevant to surface coal mining and reclamation operations and to the development, administration, and enforcement of State programs concerning such operations.

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Sec. 705 (c) If, in acc ordance w ith section 523 (d) of this A ct, a State ele cts to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Federal lands, the Secretary may increase the amount of the annual grants under subsection (a) of this section by an amount which he determines is approximately equal to the amount the Federal Government would have expended for such regulation if the State had not made such election.

ANNUAL REPORT [30 U.S.C. 1296] SEC. 706. The Secretary shall submit annually to the President and the Cong ress a repo rt concern ing activities co nducted by him, the F ederal G overnm ent, and the State s pursuant to th is Act. A mong oth er matter s, the Secre tary shall inclu de in such report recommendations for additional administrative or legislative action as he deems n ecessary a nd desirable to accom plish the purp oses of this A ct.

SEVERABILITY [30 U.S.C. 1297] SEC. 707. If any prov ision of this A ct or the app licability thereo f to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the remainder of this Act and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.

ALASKAN SURFACE COAL MINE STUDY [30 U.S.C. 1298] SEC. 708. (a) The Secretary is directed to contract to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts with the National Academy of Sciences-National Aca demy of Engineering for an in-depth study of surface co al mining c onditions in the State of A laska in orde r to determ ine which , if any, of the provisions of this Act should be modified with respect to surface coal mining operations in Alaska. (b) The Secretary shall report on the findings of the study to the President and Congress no later than two years after the date of enactment of this Act. (c) The Secretary shall include in his report a draft of legislation to implement any changes recommended to this Act. (d) Until one year after the Secretary has made this report to the President and Congress, or three years after the date of enactment of this Act, whichever comes

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Sec. 708 first, the Secretary is authorized to modify the applicability of any environmental protection provision of this Act, or any regulation issued pursuant thereto, to any surface coal mining operation in Alaska from which coal has been mined during the year preceding enactment of this Act if he determines that it is necessary to insure the continued operation of suc h surface coal m ining operation. The Se cretary may ex ercise this authority only after he has (1) published notice of proposed modification in the Federal R egister and in a newsp aper of ge neral circu lation in the are a of Alask a in which the affected su rface coa l mining op eration is loca ted, and (2) held a public hearing on the proposed modification in Alaska. (e) In order to allow new mines in Alaska to continue orderly development, the Secretary is authorized to issue interim regulations pursuant to section 501(b) including those modifications to the environmental standards as required based on the special physical, hydrological and climatic conditions in Alaska but with the purpose of protecting the environment to an extent equivalent to those standards for the other coal regions. (f) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this section $250,000: Provided, That no new budget authority is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1977.

STUDY OF RECLAMATION STANDARDS FOR SURFACE MINING OF OTHER MINERALS [30 U.S.C. 1299] SEC. 709 (a) The C hairman of the Cou ncil on Env ironmen tal Quality is directed to contract to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts with the National Academy of Sciences-National Academy of Engineering, other Government agencies or private groups as appropriate, for an in-depth study of current and deve loping techn ology for su rface and open pit m ining and re clamation for miner als other than c oal designe d to assist in the e stablishme nt of effectiv e and reas onable regulation of surface and open pit mining and reclamation for minerals other than coal. The study shall (1) assess the degree to which the requirements of this Act can be met by such technology and the costs involved; (2) identify areas where the requirements of this Act cannot be met by current and developing technology; (3) in those insta nces desc ribe require ments m ost comp arable to tho se of this Act wh ich could be met, the c osts involved , and the diffe rences in re clamation results between these requirements and those of this Act; and (4) discuss alternative regulatory mechanisms designed to insure the achievement of the most beneficial postmining land use for areas affected by surface and open pit mining.

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Sec. 709 (b) The study together with specific legislative recommendations shall be submitted to the President and the Congress no later than eighteen months after the date of enactment of this Act: Provided, That, with respect to surface or open pit mining for sand and g ravel the stud y shall be sub mitted no la ter than tw elve mon ths after the d ate of enactment of this Act: Provided further, That with respect to mining for oil shale and tar sands that a preliminary report shall be submitted no later than twelve months after the date of enactment of this Act. (c) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of this section $500,000: Provided, That no new budget authority is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1977.

INDIAN LANDS [30 U.S.C. 1300] SEC. 710. (a) The Secretary is directed to study the question of the regulation of surface mining on Indian lands which will achieve the purpose of this Act and recognize the special jurisdictional status of these lands. In carrying out this study the Secretary shall consult with Indian tribes. The study report shall include proposed legislation des igned to allow Indian tribes to elect to assu me full reg ulatory auth ority over the administration and enforcement of regulation of surface mining of coal on Indian lands. (b) The study report required by subsection (a) together with drafts of proposed legislation and the view of each Indian tribe which would be affected shall be submitted to the Congress as soon as possible but not later than January 1, 1978. (c) On a nd after one hundred a nd thirty-five d ays from the enactm ent of this A ct, all surface coal mining operations on Indian lands shall comply with requirements at least as stringent as those imposed by subsections 515(b)(2), 515(b)(3), 515(b)(5), 515(b)(10 ), 515(b)(1 3), 515(b)( 19), and 51 5(d) of this A ct and the Se cretary sha ll incorporate the requirements of such provisions in all existing and new leases issued for coal on Indian lands. (d) On and after thirty months from the enactment of this Act, all surface coal mining operations on Indian lands shall comply with requirements at least as stringent as those imposed by sections 507, 508, 509, 510, 515, 516, 517, and 519 of this Act and the Secretary shall incorporate the requirements of such provisions in all existing and new leases issued for coal on Indian lands. (e) With respect to leases issued after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall include and enforce terms and conditions in addition to those required by subsections (c) and (d) as may be requested by the Indian tribe in such leases. (f) Any change required by subsection (c) or (d) of this section in the terms and conditions of any coal lea se on Indian lands existing on the date o f enactm ent of this Act, shall require the approval of the Secretary.

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Sec. 710 (g) The Secretary shall provide for adequate participation by the various Indian tribes affected in the study authorized in this section and not more than $700,000 of the funds authorized in section 712(a) shall be reserved for this purpose. (h) The Secretary shall analyze and make recommendations regarding the jurisdictional status of Indian Lands outside the exterior boundaries of Indian reservations: Provided, That nothing in this Act shall change the existing jurisdictional status of Indian Lands. (i) The Secretary shall make grants to the Navajo, Hopi, Northern Cheyenne, and Crow tribes to assist such tribes in developing regulations and programs for regulating surface co al mining a nd reclam ation opera tions on India n lands, exc ept that nothin g in this subsection may be c onstrued as providing su ch tribes w ith the authoritie s set forth under section 503. Grants made under this subsection shall be used to establish an office of surface mining regulation for each such tribe. Each such office shall -(1) develop tribal regulations and program policies with respect to surface mining; (2) assist the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement established by section 201 in the inspection and enforcement of surface mining activities on Indian lands, including, but not limited to, permitting, mine plan review, and bond release; and (3) sponsor employment training and education in the area of mining and mineral resources. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 710(i) added October 24, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EXPERIMENTAL PRACTICES [30 U.S.C. 1301] SEC. 711. In order to encourage advances in mining and reclamation practices or to allow post-mining land use for industrial, commercial, residential, or public use (including recreational facilities), the regulatory authority with approval by the Secre tary may authorize d epartures in individual ca ses on an ex perimen tal basis from the environmental protection performance standards promulgated under sections 515 and 516 of this Act. Such departures may be authorized if (i) the experimental practices are potentially more or at least as environmentally protective, during and after mining operations, as those required by promulgated standards; (ii) the mining operations approved for particular land-use or other purposes are not larger or more numerous than necessary to determine the effectiveness and economic feasibility of the experimental practices; and (iii) the experimental practices do not reduce the protection afforded public health and safety below that provide d by promulgated standards.

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Sec. 712 AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS [30 U.S.C. 1302] SEC. 712. There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for the purpose s of this Act th e following sums; an d all such fun ds appropr iated shall remain available until expended: (a) For the implementation and funding of sections 502, 523, and 710, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior the sum of $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, $25,000,000 for each of the two succeeding fiscal years, and in such fiscal years such additional amounts as may be necessary for increases in salary, pay, retirement, other employee benefits authorized by law, and other non-discretionary co sts; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 712(a) amended August 11, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) For the implementation and funding of section 507(c), see the provisions of section 401(c)(11). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 712(b) amended August 11, 1978 and Novem ber 5, 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) For the implementation and funding of section 705 and for the administrative and other p urposes of th is Act, exc ept as otherw ise provided for in this Ac t, authorization is provided for the sum of $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and $30,000,000 for each of the two succeeding fiscal years and such funds that are required thereafter. (d) In order that the implementation of the requirements of this Act may be initiated in a timely and orderly manner, the Secretary is authorized, subject to the approval of the appropriation Committees of the House and of the Senate, to utilize not to exceed $2,000,000 of the appropriations otherwise available to him for the fiscal year ending Se ptember 30, 1977, fo r the adm inistration and other purpo ses of the A ct.

COORDINATION OF REGULATORY AND INSPECTION ACTIVITIES [30 U.S.C. 1303] SEC. 713. (a) The P resident sha ll, to the extent a ppropriate , and in keeping with the particular enforcement requirements of each Act referred to herein, insure the coordination of reg ulatory and inspection activities am ong the departme nts, agencies, and instrumentalities to which such activities are assigned by this Act, by the Clean Air Act, by the Water Pollution Control Act, by the Department of Energy Organization Act, and by existing or subsequently enacted Federal mine safety and health laws, except that no such coordination shall be required with respect to mine

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Sec. 713 safety and health inspections, advance notice of which is or may be prohibited by existing or subsequently enacted Federal mine safety and health laws. (b) The President may execute the coordination required by this section by means of an Executive order, or by any other mechanism he determines to be appropriate.

SURFACE OWNER PROTECTION [30 U.S.C. 1304] SEC. 714. (a) The provisions of this section shall apply where coal owned by the United States under land the surface rights to which are owned by a surface owner as defined in this section is to be mined by methods other than underground mining techniques. (b) Any c oal deposits su bject to this sec tion shall be of fered for le ase pursua nt to section 2(a) of the Mineral Lands Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. (c) The Secretary shall not enter into any lease of Federal coal deposits until the surface owner has given written consent to enter and commence surface mining operations and the Secretary has obtained evidence of such consent. Valid written consent given by any surface owner prior to the enactment of this Act shall be deemed sufficient for the purposes of complying with this section. (d) In order to minimize disturbance to surface owners from surface coal mining of Federal coal deposits and to assist in the preparation of comprehensive land-use plans required by section 2(a) of the Mineral Lands Leasing Act of 1920, as amended, the Secretary shall consult w ith any surfa ce own er whos e land is prop osed to be inc luded in a leasing tract and shall ask the surface owner to state his preference for or against the offering of the deposit under his land for lease. The Secretary shall, in his discretion but to the maximum extent practicable, refrain from leasing coal deposits for development by methods other than underground mining techniques in those areas where a significant number of surface owners have stated a preference against the offering of the deposits for lease. (e) For the purpose of this section the term "surface owner" means the natural person or persons (or corporation, the majority stock of which is held by a person or persons who meet the other requirements of this section) who-(1) hold legal or equitable title to the land surface; (2) have their principal place of residence on the land; or personally conduct farming or ranching operations upon a farm or ranch unit to be affected by surface coal mining operations; or receive directly a significant portion of their income, if any, from such farming or ranching operations; and (3) have met the co nditions of paragraphs (1) an d (2) for a period of at least three years prior to the granting of the consent. In comp uting the three -year per iod the Secr etary ma y include pe riods during which title was owned by a relative of such person by blood or marriage during which period such relative would have met the requirements of this subsection.

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Sec. 714 (f) This section shall not apply to Indian lands. (g) Nothing in this section shall be construed as increasing or diminishing any property rights by the United States or by any other landowner.

FEDERAL LESSEE PROTECTION [30 U.S.C. 1305] SEC. 715. In those instances where the coal proposed to be mined by surface co al mining o perations is ow ned by the F ederal G overnm ent and the s urface is subject to a lease or a permit issued by the Federal Government, the application for a permit shall include either: (1) the written consent of the permittee or lessee of the surface lands involved to enter and commence surface coal mining operations on such land, or in lieu thereof: (2) evidence of the execution of a bond or undertaking to the United States or the State, whichever is applicable, for the use and benefit of the permittee or lessee of the surface lands involved to secure payment of any damages to the surface estate which the operations will cause to the crops, or to the tangible improvements of the permittee or lessee of the surface lands as may be determined by the parties involved, or as determined and fixed in an action brought against the operator or upon the bond in a court of competent jurisdiction. This bond is in addition to the performance bond required fo r reclam ation under this Act.

ALASKA COAL [30 U.S.C. 1306] SEC. 716. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as increasing or diminishing the rights of any owner of coal in Alaska to conduct or authorize surface coal mining operations for coal which has been or is hereafter conveyed out of Federal ownership to the State of Alaska or pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Provided, That such surface coal mining operations meet the requirements of the Act.

WATER RIGHTS AND REPLACEMENT [30 U.S.C. 1307] SEC. 717. (a) Nothin g in this Act sh all be constru ed as affec ting in any way the right of a ny person to enforce o r protect, under applicable law, his interest in water resources affected by a surface coal mining operation.

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Sec. 717 (b) The operator of a surface coal mine shall replace the water supply of an owner of interest in real property who obtains all or part of his supply of water for domestic, agricultural, industrial, or other legitimate use from an underground or surface source where such supply has been affected by contamination, diminution, or interruption proximately resulting from such surface coal mine operation.

ADVANCE APPRO PRIATIONS [30 U.S.C. 1308] SEC. 718. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no authority to m ake paym ents under th is Act shall b e effective except to su ch extent or in such amounts as a re provided in advanc e in appropriation Ac ts.

CERTIFICATION AND TRAINING OF BLASTERS [30 U.S.C. 1309] SEC. 719. In accordance with this Act, the Secretary of the Interior (or the appr oved State regulatory authority as p rovided for in section 503 of this Act) shall promulgate regulations requiring the training, examination, and certification of persons engaging in or directly responsible for blasting or use of explosives in surface coal mining operations.

SUBSIDENCE [30 U.S.C. 1309a] SEC. 720. (a) Underground coal mining operations conducted after the date of enactment of this section shall comply with each of the following requirements: (1) Promptly repair, or compensate for, material damage resulting from subsidence caused to any occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto, or non-commercial building due to underground coal mining operations. Repair of damage shall include rehabilitation, restoration, or replacement of the damaged occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto, or non-commercial building. Compensation shall be provided to the owner of the damaged occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto or non-commercial building and shall be in the full amount of the diminution in value resulting from the subsidence. Compensation may be accom plished by the purchase , prior to m ining, of a no ncancella ble prem ium-prep aid insurance policy. (2) Prom ptly replace any drinkin g, dome stic, or reside ntial water supply from a well or spring in existence prior to the application for a surface coal mining

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Sec. 720 and reclamation permit, which has been affected by contamination, diminution, or interruption resulting from underground coal mining operations. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit or interrupt underground coal mining operations. (b) Regulations. Within one year after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall, after providing notice and opportunity for public comment, promulgate final regulations to implement subsection (a). -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 720 added October 24, 1992. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RESEARCH [30 U.S.C. 1309b] SEC. 721 The Of fice of Surf ace M ining Recla mation an d Enforc ement is authorized to conduct studies, research and demonstration projects relating to the implementation of, and compliance with, title V of this Act, and provide technical assistance to states for that purpose. Prior to approving any such studies, research or demonstration projects the Director, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, shall first consult with the Director, Bureau of Mines, and obtain a determination from such Director that the Bureau of Mines is not already conducting like or similar studies, research or demonstration projects. Studies, research and demons tration projec ts for the purp oses of title IV of this Act sh all only be co nducted in accordance with section 401(c)(6). ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Section 721 added October 24, 1992. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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TITLE VIII -- UNIVERSITY COAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES

ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIVERSITY COAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES [30 U.S.C. 1311] SEC. 801. (a) The Secretary of Energy, after consultation with the National Academy of Engineering, shall designate thirteen institutions of higher education at which university coal research laboratories will be established and operated. Ten such designations shall be made as provided in subsection (e) and the remaining three shall be made in fiscal year 1980. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(a) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) In making designations under this section, the Secretary shall consider the following criteria: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(b) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(1) Those ten institutions of h igher educ ation designa ted as provid ed in subsection (e) shall be located in a State with abundant coal reserves. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(b)(1) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2) The institution of higher education shall have experience in coal research, expertise in several areas of coal research, and potential or currently active, outstanding programs in coal research. (3) The institution of higher education has the capacity to establish and operate the coal laboratories to be assisted under this title. (c) Not more than one coal laboratory established pursuant to this title shall be located in a single State and at least one coal laboratory shall be established within each of the major coal provinces recognized by the United States Bureau of Mines, including Alaska. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(c) amended May 18, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(d) The Secretary of Energy shall establish a period, not in excess of ninety days after the date of enactment of this Act, for the submission of applications for designation under this section. Any institution of higher education desiring to be designated under this title shall submit an application to the Secretary of Energy in such form, at such time, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary of Energy may reasonably require. Each application shall --

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Sec. 801 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(d) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(1) describe the facilities to be established for coal energy resources and conversion research and research on related environmental problems including facilities for interdiscip linary acad emic res earch pro jects by the c ombined efforts of spe cialists such as mining engineers, mineral engineers, geochemists, mineralogists, mineral economists, fuel scientists, combustion engineers, mineral preparation engineers, coal petrographers, geolog ists, chemical engineers, c ivil engineers, mecha nical engineers, and ecologists; (2) set forth a program for the establishment of a test laboratory for coal characterization which, in addition, may be used as a site for the exchange of coal research activities by representatives of private industry engaged in coal research and characterization; (3) set forth a program for providing research and development activities for students engaged in advanced study in any discipline which is related to the development of adequate energy supplies in the United States. The research laboratory shall be associated with an ongoing educational and research program on extraction and utilization of coal. (e) The Secretary of Energy shall designate the ten institutions of higher education under this section not later than ninety days after the date on which such applications are to be submitted. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 801(e) amended November 9, 1978. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE [30 U.S.C. 1312] SEC. 802. (a) The S ecretary o f Energy is authorized to make g rants to any institution of higher education designated under section 801 to pay the Federal share of the cost of establishing (including the construction of such facilities as may be necessary) and maintaining a coal laboratory. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 802(a) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) Each institution of high er educa tion designate d pursuant to section 801 s hall submit an application to the Secretary of Energy. Each such application shall ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 802(b) amended November 9, 1978. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 802 (1) set forth the program to be conducted at the coal laboratory which includes the purposes set forth in section 801(d); (2) provide assurances that the university will pay from non-Federal sources the remaining costs of carrying out the program set forth; (3) provide such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure the proper disbursement of and accounting for Federal funds received under this title; (4) provide for making an annual report which shall include a description of the activities conducted at the coal laboratory and an evaluation of the success of such activities, and such other necessary reports in such form and containing such information as the Secretary of Energy may require, and for keeping such records and affording such access thereto as may be necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports; and ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 802(b)(4) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(5) set forth such policies and procedures as will insure that Federal funds made available under this section for any fiscal year will be so used as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Fed eral funds, b e made available fo r the purpos es of the activ ities describe d in subsections 801(d)(1), (2), and (3), and in no case supplant such funds.

LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS [30 U.S.C. 1313] SEC. 803. (a) No institutions of higher education may receive more than $4,00 0,000 for th e construc tion of its coal re search lab oratory, inc luding initially installed fixed equipment, nor may it receive more than $1,500,000 for initially installed movable equipment, nor may it receive more than $500,000 for new program startup expenses. (b) No institution of higher education may receive more than $1,500,000 per year from the Fede ral Governm ent for operating expen ses.

PAYMENTS [30 U.S.C. 1314] SEC. 804. (a) From the amounts appropriated pursuant to section 806, the Secretary of Energy shall pay to each institution of higher education having an application approved under this title an amount equal to the Federal share of the cost of carrying out that application. Such payments may be in installments, by way

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Sec. 804 of reimbursement, or by way of advance with necessary adjustments on account of underpayments or overpayments. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 804(a) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) The Federal share of operating expenses for any fiscal year shall not exceed 50 per centum of the cost of the operation of a coal research laboratory.

ADVISORY COUNCIL ON COAL RESEARCH [30 U.S.C. 1315] SEC. 805. (a) There is established an Advisory Council on Coal Research which shall be composed of -(1) the Secretary of Energy, who shall be Chairman; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 805(a)(1) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2) the Director of the United States Bureau of Mines of the Department of the Interior; ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 805(a)(2) amended May 18, 1992. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(3) the President of the National Academy of Sciences; (4) the President of the National Academy of Engineering; (5) the Director of the United States Geological Survey; and (6) six members appointed by the Secretary of Energy from among individuals who, by virtue of experience or training, are knowledgeable in the field of coal research and mining, and who are representatives of institutions of higher education, industrial users of coal and coal-derived fuels, the coal industry, mine workers, nonindustrial consumer groups, and institutions concerned with the preservation of the environment. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 805(a)(6) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) The Advisory Council shall advise the Secretary of Energy with respect to the general administration of this title, and furnish such additional advice as he may request. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 805(b) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) The Advisory Council shall make an annual report of its findings and recomm endations (in cluding rec omme ndations for changes in the provision s of this

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Sec. 805 title) to the President not later than December 31 of each calendar year. The President shall transmit each such report to the Congress. (d)(1) Members of the Council who are not regular officers or employees of the United Sta tes Gove rnment sh all, while se rving on bu siness of the C ouncil, be e ntitled to receive compensation at rates fixed by the Secretary of Energy but not exceeding the daily rate prescribed for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, and while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business, they may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence , as authoriz ed by sectio n 5703 of title 5 , United Sta tes Code , for person s in the Government service employed intermittently. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 805(d)(1) amended November 9, 1978. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(2) Members of the Council who are officers or employees of the Government shall be reimbursed for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in carrying out their duties on the Council. (e) Wh enever a memb er of the C ouncil appo inted under clauses (1) th rough (5) is unable to atte nd a mee ting, that me mber sha ll appoint an a ppropriate alternate to represent him for that meeting.

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS [30 U.S.C. 1316] SEC. 806. (a) For the ten institutions referred to in the last sentence of section 801(a), there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979 (including the cost of construction, equipment, and startup expenses), and not to exceed $7,500,000 for the fiscal year 1980 and for each fiscal year thereafter through the fiscal year ending before October 1, 1984, to carry out the provisions of this title. (b) For the three remaining institutions referred to in the last sentence of section 801(a), there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $6,500,000 for the fiscal year 1980 (including the cost of construction, equipment, and startup expenses), and not to exceed $2,000,000 for each fiscal year after fiscal year 1980 ending before October 1, 1984, to carry out the provisions of this title. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 806 amended November 9, 1978. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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TITLE IX -- ENERGY RESOURCE GRADUA TE FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM AUTHORIZED [30 U.S.C. 1321] SEC. 901. (a) The Secretary of Energy is authorized to award under the provisions of this title not to exceed one thousand fellowships for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and each of the five succeeding fiscal years. Fellowships shall be aw arded und er the prov isions of this title for graduate s tudy and re search in those areas of applied science and engineering that are related to the production, conserva tion, and utiliza tion of fuels an d energy. Fellowsh ips shall be aw arded to students in programs leading to master's degrees. Such fellowships may be awarded for graduate study and research at any institution of higher education, library, archive, or any other research center approved by the Secretary after consultation with the Secretary of Education. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 901(a) amended August 4, 1977, and October 17, 1979. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) Such fellowships shall be awarded for such periods as the Secretary of Energy may determine, but not to exceed two years. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 901(b) amended August 4, 1977. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) In addition to the number of fellowships authorized to be awarded by subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary of Energy is authorized to award fellowships equal to the number previously awarded during any fiscal year under this title but vacated prior to the end of the period for which they were awarded; except that each fellowship awarded under this subsection shall be for such period of graduate work or research , not in exce ss of the rem ainder of the period for w hich the fellow ship which it replaces was awarded as the Secretary of Energy m ay determine. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 901(c) amended August 4, 1977. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

AWARDING O F FELLOWSHIPS [30 U.S.C. 1322] SEC. 902. Recipients of fellowships under this title shall be (a) persons who have been accepted by an institution of higher education for graduate study leading to an advanced degree or for a professional degree, and

118

Sec. 902 (b) persons who plan a career in the field of energy resources, production, or utilization.

DISTRIBUTION OF FELLOWSHIPS [30 U.S.C. 1323] SEC. 903. In awarding fellowships under the provisions of this title, the Secretary of Energy shall endeavor to provide equitable distribution of such fellowships throughout the Nation, except that the Secretary of Energy shall give special attention to institutions of higher education, libraries, archives or other research centers which have a demonstrated capacity to offer courses of study or research in the field of energy resources and conservation and conversion and related disciplines. In carrying out his responsibilities under this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration the projected need for highly trained engineers and scientists in the field of energy sources. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 903 amended August 4, 1977. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STIPENDS AND INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION ALLO WANCES [30 U.S.C. 1324] SEC. 904. (a) Each person aw arded a fe llowship un der this title shall receive a stipend of not more than $10,000 for each academic year of study. An additional amount of $500 for each such calendar year of study shall be paid to such person on account of each of his dependents. (b) In addition to the amount paid to such person pursuant to subsection (a) there shall be paid to the institution of higher education at which each such person is pursuing his course of study, 100 per centum of the amount paid to such person less the amount paid on account of such person's dependents, to such person less any amount charged such person for tuition.

LIMITATION [30 U.S.C. 1325] SEC. 905. No fellowship shall be awarded under this title for study at a school or department of divinity. For the purpose of this section, the term "school or department of divinity" means an institution or department or branch of an institution, whose program is specifically for the education of students to prepare them

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Sec. 905 to becom e ministers of religion or to enter upo n some o ther religious vocation or to prepare them to tea ch theological subjects.

FELLOWSHIP CONDITIONS [30 U.S.C. 1326] SEC. 906. (a) A person awarded a fellowship under the provisions of this title shall continue to receive the payments provided in section 904(a) only during such periods as the Secretary finds that he is maintaining satisfactory proficiency in, and devoting es sentially full tim e to, study or r esearch in the field in w hich such fe llowship was awarded, in an institution of higher education, and is not engaging in gainful employment other than part-time employment in teaching, research, or similar activities, approved by the Secretary of Energy. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 906(a) amended August 4, 1977. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(b) The S ecretary o f Energy shall require reports con taining such in formation in such forms and to be filed at such times as he determines necessary from each person awarded a fellowship under the provisions of this title. Such reports shall be accompanied by a certificate from an appropriate official at the institution of higher education, library, archive, or other research center approved by the Secretary of Energy stating that such person is making satisfactory progress in, and is devoting essentially full time to the research for which the fellowship was awarded. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 906(b) amended August 4, 1977. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED [30 U.S.C. 1327] SEC. 907. There are authorized to be appropriated $11,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and for each of the five succeeding fiscal years. For payments for the initial awarding of fellowships awarded under this title, there are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and for each of the five succeeding fiscal years, such sums as may be necessary in order that fellowships already awarded might be completed.

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Sec. 908 RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS OF ALTERNATIVE COAL MINING TECHNOLOGIES [30 U.S.C. 1328] SEC. 908. (a) The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to conduct and promote the c oordination and accele ration of, research, studies, surv eys, experiments, demonstration projects, and training relating to ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 908(a) amended August 4, 1977 and September 10, 1982. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(1) the development and application of coal mining technologies which provide alternatives to surface disturbanc e and which m aximize the recov ery of available coal resou rces, including the improvement of present underground mining methods, methods for the return of underground mining wastes to the mine void, methods for the underground mining of thick coal seams and very deep seams; and (2) safety and health in the application of such technologies, methods, and means. (b) In conducting the activities authorized by this section, the Secretary of the Interior may enter into contracts with and make grants to qualified institutions, agencies, organizations, and persons. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 908(b) amended August 4, 1977 and September 10, 1982. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(c) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior, to carry out the purposes of this section, $35,000,000 for each fiscal year beginning with the fiscal year 1979, and for each year thereafter for the next four years. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 908(c) amended August 4, 1977 and September 10, 1982. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(d) At least sixty days before a ny funds are obligated for a ny research studies, surve ys, experiments or demonstration projects to be conducted or financed under this Act in any fiscal year, the Secretary of the Interior in consultation with the heads of other Federal agencies having the authority to conduct or finance such projects, shall determine and publish such determinations in the Federal Register that such projects are not being conducted or financed by any other Federal agency. On December 31 of each calendar year, the Secretary shall report to the Congress on the research studies, surve ys, experim ents or dem onstration pr ojects, cond ucted or fina nced unde r this Act, including, but not limited to, a statement of the nature and purpose of each project, the Federal cost thereof, the identity and affiliation of the persons engaged in such projects, the expected completio n date of the projects and the relationsh ip of the proje cts to other suc h projects of a similar nature. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Note: Subsection 908(d) amended August 4, 1977 and September 10, 1982. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sec. 908 (e) Subjec t to the patent pr ovisions of se ction 306(d) of this Act, a ll informatio n and data resulting from any research studies, surveys, experiments, or demonstration projects conducted or financed under this Act shall be promptly made available to the public.

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ABAND ONED M INE RECL AMAT ION ACT O F 1990 [Affects Title IV and Section 507(a) and 712(b) of SMCRA] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1991 An Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to section 4 of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1991. Pub. L. 101-508 (H.R. 5835); 104 STAT. 1388, 1388-289 through 1388-299 (November 5, 1990). Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

[104 STAT. 1388] SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the "Omnibus Budget Rec onciliation Act of 1990".

TITLE VI - ENERGY AND ENVIRONM ENTAL PROGRAM S Subtitle A - Abandoned Mine Reclamation [104 STAT. 1388-289] SEC. 6001. SHORT TITLE. This subtitle may be cited as the "Abandoned Mine Reclamation Act of 1990". SEC. 6002. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND. (a) SOURCES OF D EPOSITS.-Section 401(b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1231(b)) is amende d as follows: (1) Amend paragraph (1) to read as follows: [104 STAT. 1388-290] (1) the reclamation fees levied under section 402; (2) Strike "and" at the end of paragraph (3); strike the period at the end of paragraph (4) and insert "; and"; and add the following new paragraph at the end: "(5) interest credited to the fund under subsection (e)." (b) USE OF MON EY.-Section 401(c) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1231(c)) is amend ed as follows: 123

(1) In paragraph (1), strike "402(g)(2)" and insert "402(g)(1)". (2) Amend paragraph (2) to read as follows: "(2) for transfer on an annual basis to the Secretary of Agriculture for use under section 406;" (3) In para graph (6), strike "by co ntract" and insert "cond ucted in acc ordance w ith section 3501 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986" after "projects". (4) Strike "and" at the end of paragraph (9). (5) Strike paragraph (10) and insert the following: "(10) for use under section 411; "(11) for the purpose of section 507(c), except that not more than $ 10,000,000 shall annually be available for such purpose; and "(12) all other necessary expenses to accomplish the purposes of this title." (c) INTEREST.-Section 401 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1231) is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end: "(e) INTEREST.-The Secretary of the Interior shall notify the Secretary of the Treasury as to what portion of the fund is not, in his judgment, required to meet current withdraw als. The Se cretary of th e Treasu ry shall invest s uch portion of the fund in public debt securities with maturities suitable for the needs of such fund and bearing interest at rates determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration current market yields on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States of comparable maturities. The income on such investments shall be credited to, and form a part of, the fund." SEC. 6003. RECLAM ATION FEE S. (a) DUE DATE.-Section 402(b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(b)) is amended by striking "fifteen years after the date of enactment of this Act unless extended by an Act of Congress" and inserting "September 30, 1995". (b) STATEMEN T.-Section 402(c) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(c)) is amended by adding the following at the end thereof: "Such statement shall include an identification of the permittee of the surface coal mining operation, any operator in addition to the permittee, the owner of the coal, the preparation plant, tipple, or loading point for the coal, and the person purchasing the coal from the operator. The report shall also specify the number of the permit required under sec tion 506 and the mine sa fety and he alth identificatio n numbe r. Each q uarterly report shall c ontain a notific ation of any changes in the inform ation require d by this subsection sin ce the date of the prec eding quar terly report. The inform ation contain ed in the quarterly reports under this subsection shall be maintained by the Secretary in a computerized database.". [104 STAT. 1388-291]

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(c) AUDITS.-Section 402(d) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(d)) is amended by inserting "(1)" after "(d)" and by adding the following at the end thereof; "(2) The Secretary shall conduct such audits of coal production and the payment of fees under this title as may be necessary to ensure full compliance with the provisions of this title. For purposes of performing such audits the Secretary (or any duly designated officer, employee , or representative of the Se cretary) shall, at all reasonable tim es, upon request, have access to, and may copy, all books, papers, and other documents of any person subject to the provisions of this title. The Secretary may at any time conduct audits of any surface coal mining and reclamation operation, including without limitation, tipples and preparation plants, as may be necessary in the judgment of the Secretary to ensure full and complete payment of the fees under this title.". (d) NOTICE.-Section 402(f) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(f)) is amended by adding the following at the end thereof: "Whenever the Secretary believes that any person has not paid the full amount of the fee payable un der subsec tion (a) the Se cretary sha ll notify the Fe deral agen cy respon sible for ensuring compliance with the provisions of section 4121 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986." SEC. 6004. ALLOCA TION OF FU NDS. Section 402(g) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 123 2(g)) is amended to re ad as follows: "(g) ALLOCATIO N OF FUND S.-(1) Moneys deposited into the fund shall be allocated by the Secretar y to accomplish the pur poses of this title as follows: "(A) 50 percent of the reclamation fees collected annually in any State (other than fees collected with respect to Indian lands) shall be allocated annually by the Secretary to the State, subject to such State having each of the following: "(i) An approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. "(ii) Lands and waters which are eligible pursuant to section 404 (in the case of a State not certified under section 411(a)) or pursuant to section 411(b) (in the case of a State certified under section 411(a)). "(B) 50 percent of the reclamation fees collected annually with respect to Indian lands shall be allocated annually by the Secretary to the Indian tribe having jurisdiction over such lands, subject to such tribe having each of the following: "(i) an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. "(ii) Lands and waters which are eligible pursuant to section 404 (in the case of an Indian tribe not certified under sec tion 411(a)) or pursuant to section 4 11(b) (in the case of a tribe certified under section 411(a)). "(C) The funds allocated by the Secretary under this paragraph to States and Indian tribes shall only be used for annual reclamation project construction and program administration grants. "(D) To the extent not expended within 3 years after the date of any grant award under this pa ragraph, such gran t shall be ava ilable for exp enditure by the Secreta ry in any area under paragraph (2), (3), (4), or (5).

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[104 STAT. 1388-292] "(2) 20 percent of the amounts available in the fund in any fiscal year which are not allocated under paragraph (1) in that fiscal year (including that interest accruing as provided in section 401( e) and inclu ding funds a vailable for r eallocation p ursuant to paragraph (1)(D)), shall be allocated to the Secretary only for the purpose of making the annual transfer to the Secretary of Agriculture under section 401(c)(2). "(3) Amounts available in the fund which are not allocated to States and Indian tribes under paragraph (1) or allocated under paragraphs (2) and (5) are authorized to be expended by the Secretary for any of the following: "(A) For the purpose of section 507(c), either directly or through grants to the States, subject to the limitation contained in section 401(c)(11). "(B) For the purpose of section 410 (relating to emergencies). "(C) For the purpose of meeting the objectives of the fund set forth in section 403(a) for eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 in States and on Indian lands where the State or Indian tribe does not have an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. "(D) For the administration of this title by the Secretary. "(4)(A) Amounts available in the fund which are not allocated under paragraphs (1), (2), and (5) or expended under paragraph (3) in any fiscal year are authorized to be expended by the Secretary under this paragraph for the reclamation or drainage abatement of lands and waters within unreclaimed sites which are mined for coal or which were affected by such mining, wastebanks, coal processing or other coal mining processes and left in an inadequate reclamation status. "(B) Funds made available under this paragraph may be used for reclamation or drainage abatement at a site referred to in subparagraph (A) if the Secretary makes either of the following findings: "(i) A finding that the surface coal mining operation occurred during the period beginning on August 4, 1977, and ending on or before the date on which the Secretary approved a State program pursuant to section 503 for a State in which the site is located, and that any funds for reclamation or abatement which are available pursuant to a bond or other for m of finan cial guaran tee or from any other so urce are n ot sufficient to provide for adequate reclamation or abatement at the site. "(ii) A finding that the surface coal mining operation occurred during the period beginning o n Augus t 4, 1977, an d ending on or before th e date of en actmen t of this paragraph, and that the surety of such mining operator became insolvent during such period, an d as of the da te of enactm ent of this para graph, fun ds imme diately availa ble from proceedings relating to such insolvency, or from any financial guarantee or other source are not sufficient to provide for adequate reclamation or abatement at the site. "(C) In determining which sites to reclaim pursuant to this paragraph, the Secretary shall follow the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a). The Secretary shall ensure that priority is given to those sites which are in the immediate vicinity of a residential area or which have an adverse economic impact upon a local community. [104 STAT. 1388-293] 126

"(D) Amounts collected from the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph. "(E) Any State may expend grants made available under paragraphs (1) and (5) for reclama tion and aba tement of any site refe rred to in sub paragrap h (A) if the S tate, with the concurrence of the Secretary, makes either of the findings referred to in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (B) and if the State determines that the reclamation priority of the site is the same or more urgent than the reclamation priority for eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 under the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a). "(F) For the purposes of the certification referred to in section 411(a), sites referred to in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall be considered as having the same priorities as tho se stated in sec tion 403(a) fo r eligible lands and wate rs pursuan t to section 404 . All sites refe rred to in sub paragrap h (A) of this paragrap h within an y State shall be reclaimed prior to such State making the certification referred to in section 411(a). "(5) The Secretary shall allocate 40 percent of the amount in the fund after making the allocation referred to in paragraph (1) for making additional annual grants to States and Indian tribes whic h are not ce rtified under section 411( a) to supplem ent grants received by such States and Indian tribes pursuant to paragraph (1)(C) until the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a) have been achieved by such State or Indian tribe. The allocation of such funds for the purpose of making such expenditures shall be throu gh a form ula based o n the amo unt of coal his torically prod uced in the S tate or from the Indian lands concerned prior to August 3, 1977. Funds allocated or expended by the Secretary under paragraphs (2), (3), or (4) of this subsection for any State or Indian tribe shall not be deducted against any allocation of funds to the State or Indian tribe under paragraph (1) or under this paragraph. "(6) Any State may receive and retain, without regard to the 3-year limitation referred to in paragra ph (1)(D) , up to 10 per cent of the tota l of the grants m ade annu ally to such State under paragraphs (1) and (5) if such amounts are deposited into either"(A) a special trust fund established under State law pursuant to which such amounts (together w ith all interest ea rned on suc h amoun ts) are expe nded by the State solely to achieve the priorities stated in section 403(a) after September 30, 1995, or "(B) an ac id mine dr ainage ab atemen t and treatm ent fund esta blished unde r State law as provided in paragraph (7). "(7)(A) Any State may establish under State law an acid mine drainage abatement and treatment fund from which amounts (together with all interest earned on such amounts ) are expe nded by the State to imp lement, in c onsultation w ith the Soil Conservation Service, acid mine drainage abatement and treatment plans approved by the Secretary. Such plans shall provide for the comprehensive abatement of the causes and treatm ent of the eff ects of acid m ine drainag e within qu alified hydro logic units affected by coal mining practices. "(B) The plan shall include, but shall not be limited to, each of the following: "(i) An ide ntification of the qualified hyd rologic unit. [104 STAT. 1388-294] 127

"(ii) The extent to which acid mine drainage is affecting the water quality and biological resources within the hydrologic unit. "(iii) An iden tification of the sources of a cid mine d rainage w ithin the hydro logic unit. "(iv) An identification of individual projects and the measures proposed to be undertaken to abate and treat the causes or effects of acid mine drainage within the hydrologic unit. "(v) The cost of unde rtaking the proposed aba tement and treatm ent measures. "(vi) An identification of existing and proposed sources of funding for such measures. "(vii) An analysis of the cost-effectiveness and environmental benefits of abatement and tre atment mea sures. "(C) The Secretary may approve any plan under this paragraph only after determining that such plan meets the requirements of this paragraph. In conducting an analysis of the items referred to in clauses (iv), (v), and (vii) the Director of the Office of Surface Mining shall obtain the comments of the Director of the Bureau of Mines. In approving plans under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give a priority to those plans which will be implemented in coordination with measures undertaken by the Secretary of Agriculture under section 406. "(D) For purpo ses of this paragraph, the term 'qualified hydrologic unit' me ans a hydrologic unit"(i) in which the water quality has been significantly affected by acid mine drainage from coal mining practices in a manner which adversely impacts biological resources; and "(ii) which contains lands and waters which are"(I) eligible pu rsuant to sec tion 404 and include any of the priorities stated in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 403(a); and "(II) propo sed to be the subject of the expenditur es by the Sta te (from a mounts available fr om the fo rfeiture of b onds requir ed under s ection 509 o r from oth er State sources) to mitigate acid mine drainage. "(8) Of the funds available for expenditure under this subsection in any fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate annually not less than $ 2,000,000 for expenditure in each State, and for each Indian tribe, having an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursu ant to section 405 and eligible lands an d waters pursuan t to section 404 so long as an allocation of funds to such State or such tribe is necessary to achieve the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(a)." SEC. 6005. FUND OBJEC TIVES. Section 403 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 123 3) is amended as fo llows: (1) Insert "(a) PRIORITIES.-"after "SEC. 403." (2) Insert ", except as provided for under section 411," after "title". (3) Add at the end the following new subsections: "(b) UTILITIES AND OTH ER FACILITIES.-(1) Any State or Indian tribe not certified und er section 41 1(a) ma y expend u p to 30 perc ent of the fun ds allocated to 128

such State or Indian tribe in any year through the grants made available under paragraphs (1) and (5) of section 402(g) for the purpose of protecting, repairing, replacing, [104 STAT. 1388-295] constructing, or enhancing facilities relating to water supply, including water distribution facilities and treatment plants, to replace water supplies adversely affected by coal mining prac tices. "(2) If the adverse effect on water supplies referred to in this subsection occurred both prior to a nd after A ugust 3, 197 7, section 40 4 shall not be c onstrued to p rohibit a State or Indian tribe referred to in paragraph (1) from using funds referred to in such paragraph for the purposes of this subsection if the State or Indian tribe determines that such adverse effects occurred predominantly prior to August 3, 1977. "(c) INVENTORY .-For the purposes of assisting in the planning and evaluation of reclamation projects pursuant to section 405, and assisting in making the certification referred to in section 411(a), the Secretary shall maintain an inventory of eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 which meet the priorities stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a). Under standardized procedures established by the Secretary, States and Indian tribes with a pproved a bandone d mine re clamation program s pursuant to section 405 may offer amendments to update the inventory as it applies to eligible lands and waters under the jurisdiction of such States or tribes. The Secretary shall provide such States and tribes with the financial and technical assistance necessary for the purpose of making inventory amendments. The Secretary shall compile and maintain an inventory for States and Indian lands in the case when a State or Indian tribe does not have an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405. On a regular basis, but not less than annually, the projects completed under this title shall be so noted on the inventory under standardized procedures established by the Secretary.". SEC. 6006. ELIGIBLE LAN DS AND W ATERS. Section 404 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1234) is amended by inserting ", except as provided for under section 411" after "processes", and by adding the following at the end thereof: "For other provisions relating to lands and waters eligible for such expenditures, see section 402(g)(4), section 403(b)(1), and section 409." SEC. 6007. STATE RECL AMAT ION PROGR AMS. Section 405 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1235) is amended by adding the following at the end thereof: "(1) No State shall be liable under any provision of Federal law for any costs or damag es as a resu lt of action take n or omitted in the course of carrying out a State abandoned mine reclamation plan approved under this section. This subsection shall not preclude liability for cost or damages as a result of gross negligence or intentional

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misconduct by the State. For purposes of the preceding sentence, reckless, willful, or wanton misconduct shall constitute gross negligence." SEC. 6008. CLARIFICATION. Section 406(d) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1236(d)) is amended by striking "experimental". [104 STAT. 1288-296] SEC. 6009. VO IDS AND TUNNE LS. Section 409 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1239) is amended(1) in subsection (a) by striking "chairman of any tribe" and inserting in lieu thereof "the governing body of an Indian tribe"; (2) in subsection (b), by striking "or Indian reservations under the provisions of subsection 402(g)" and inserting "or Indian tribes under the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (5) of section 402(g)"; and (3) by amending subsection (c) to read as follow s: "(c)(1) Th e Secreta ry may m ake expe nditures and carry out the purposes o f this section in such States where requests are made by the Governor or governing body of an Indian tribe for those reclamation projects which meet the priorities stated in section 403(a)(1), except that for the purposes of this section the reference to coal in section 403(a)(1) shall not apply. "(2) The provisions of section 404 shall apply to this section, with the exception that such mined lands need not have been mined for coal. "(3) The Secretary shall not make any expenditures for the purposes of this section in those States which have made the certification referred to in section 411(a). SEC. 6010. CERTIFICATION. Title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1231 et seq.) is amended as follows: (1) Redesignate sections 411, 412, and 413 as sections 412, 413, and 414, respectively. (2) Insert after section 410 the following new section: "SEC. 411. CER TIFICATIO N. "(a) CERTIFICATION OF COM PLETION OF COAL RE CLAMA TION.-The Governor of a State, or the head of a governing body of an Indian tribe, with an approved abandoned mine reclamation program under section 405 may certify to the Secretary that all of the priorities stated in section 403(a) for eligible lands and waters pursuant to section 404 have been achieved. The Secretary, after notice in the Federal Register and opportunity for public comment, shall concur with such certification if the Secretary determin es that such c ertification is co rrect.

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"(b) ELIGIBLE LAND S, WATERS, A ND FACILITIES.-If the Secretary has concurred in a State or tribal certification under subsection (a), for purposes of determining the eligibility of lands and waters for annual grants under section 402(g)(1), section 404 shall not apply, and eligible lands, waters, and facilities shall be those"(1) which were mined or processed for minerals or which were affected by such mining or processing , and aban doned or le ft in an inadeq uate reclam ation status prio r to August 3, 1977; and "(2) for which there is no continuing reclamation responsibility under State or other Federal law s. In determining the eligibility under this subse ction of Federal lands, waters, and facilities under the jurisdiction of the Forest Service or Bureau of Land Management, in lieu of the August 3, 1977, date referred to in paragraph (1) the applicable date shall be August 28, 1974, and November 26, 1980, respectively. [104 STAT. 1388-297] "(c) PRIORITIES.-Expenditures of moneys for lands, waters, and facilities referred to in subsection (b) shall reflect the following objectives and priorities in the order stated (in lieu of the priorities set forth in section 403): "(1) The protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and property from extreme dang er of adverse effec ts of mineral mining an d processing practices. "(2) The protection of pu blic health, safety, and gener al welfare from adverse effects of mineral m ining and processing prac tices. "(3) The r estoration of land and w ater resour ces and the environm ent previou sly degraded by the adverse effects of mineral mining and processing practices. "(d) SPECIFIC SITES AND A REAS NOT ELIGIBLE.-Sites and areas designated for remedial action pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7901 and following) or which have been listed for remedial action pursuant to th e Com prehensiv e Environ mental R esponse C ompens ation and L iability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 and following) shall not be eligible for expenditures from the Fund under this section. "(e) UTILITIES AND OTH ER FACILITIES.-Reclamation projects involving the protection, repair, replace ment, construction, or e nhancemen t of utilities, such as those relating to w ater supply, roads, and such other f acilities serving the public ad versely affected b y minera l mining an d processin g practices , and the co nstruction of p ublic facilities in communities impacted by coal or other mineral mining and processing practices, s hall be deem ed part of the objectives se t forth, and u ndertaken as they relate to, the priorities stated in subsection (c). "(f) Notwithstanding subsection (e), where the Secretary has concurred in the certification referenced in subsection (a) and where the Governor of a State or the head of a governing body of an Indian tribe determines there is a need for activities or construction of specific public facilities related to the coal or minerals industry in States impacted by coal or minerals development and the Secretary concurs in such need, then the State or In dian tribe, as the case m ay be, m ay use ann ual grants m ade availa ble under section 402(g)(1) to carry out such activities or construction.

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"(g) APPLICATION O F OTHER PR OVISIONS.-The provisions of sections 407 and 408 shall apply to subsections (a) through (e) of this section, except that for purposes of this section the references to coal in sections 407 and 408 shall not apply." SEC. 6011. SMALL OPERATOR ASSISTANCE. Section 507(c) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1257(c)) is amended by striking "100,000" and inserting "300,000". SEC. 6012. TECHNICA L AND CO NFORM ING AME NDMEN TS. (a) TABLE OF CO NTENTS.-The table of contents in the first section of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1201) is amended as follows: (1) Redesignate the items relating to sections 411, 412, and 413 as items 412, 413, and 414, respectively. (2) Insert after the item relating to section 410 the following: [104 STAT. 1388-298] Sec. 411. Certification. (b) REFERENCE.-Section 712 (b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U .S.C. 1302(b)) is am ended to read as follow s: "(b) For the implementation and funding of section 507(c), see the provisions of section 401(c)(11)." (c) REPEAL.-Section 406(i) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1236(i)) is repealed. (d) TECHNICAL CORREC TIONS.-The following provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C . 1231 and following) are amended as follows: (1) Section 405(a) is amended by striking out "perparation" and inserting "preparation". (2) Section 405(h) is amended by striking out "Upon approved" and inserting "Upon approval". (3) Section 406(a) is amended by striking out "including owners" and inserting "(including owners". (4) Section 407(a)(4) is amended by striking out the period and inserting a semicolon. (5) Section 407(a) is amended by striking out "Then" and inserting "then". (6) Section 407(e) is amended by striking out "paragraph (1), of this subsection" and inserting "paragraph (1) of subsection (c)". (7) Section 407(g)(2) is am ended by striking out "the use of " and inserting "the use or". SEC. 6013. SAV INGS CL AUSE.

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Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to affect the certifications made by the State of Wyoming, the State of Montana, and the State of Louisiana to the Secretary of the Interior prior to the date of enactment of this subtitle that such State has completed the reclamation of eligible abandoned coal mine lands. SEC. 6014. EFFECTIVE DATE. The amen dments mad e by this subtitle shall take effect at the beginning of the first fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which this subtitle is enacted.

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ENERG Y POLICY ACT OF 1992 An Act to provide for im proved energy efficiency. Pub. L. 102-486 (H.R. 776); 106 STAT. 2776, 3037, 3046, 3056, 3102-3106 and 3112-3113 (October 24, 1992) To provide for improved energy efficiency. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Short Title. This Act may be cited as the "Energy Policy Act of 1992". [106 STAT. 3037] S ec. 19 1 43 . C O A L IN D U ST RY HEAL T H B E NEFITS PROGRAM. (a) In general. The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end of the following new subtitle: [106 STAT. 3046] "SEC. 9705. TRA NSFERS. "(a) Transfer of Assets From 1950 UM WA Pension Plan. -"(1) In general. From the funds reserved under paragraph (2), the board of trustees of the 1950 UMW A Pension Plan shall transfer to the Combined Fund -"(A) $ 70,000,000 on February 1, 1993, "(B) $ 70,000,000 on October 1, 1993, and "(C) $ 70,000,000 on October 1, 1994. "(2) Reservation. Immediately upon the enactment date, the board of trustees of the 1950 UMWA Pension Plan shall segregate $ 210,000,000 from the general assets of the plan. Such funds shall be held in the plan until disbursed pursuant to paragraph (1). A n y int er est on su ch f un d s s hall be d ep osi ted into the general assets of the 19 50 UMW A Pension Plan. "(3) Use of funds. Amounts transferred to the Combined Fund under paragraph (1) shall -"(A) in the case of the tr ansfer on F ebruary 1 , 1993, be u sed to propo rtionately reduce the premium of each assigned operator under section 9704(a) for the plan year of the Fund beginning February 1, 1993, and "(B) in the case of any other such transfer, be used to proportionately reduce the unassigned beneficiary premium under section 9704(a)(3) and the death benefit premium under section 9704(a)(2) of each assigned operator for the plan year in which transferred and for any subsequent plan year in which such funds remain available. Such funds may not be used to pay any amounts required to be paid by the 1988 agreement operators under section 9704(i)(1)(B). 134

"(4) Tax treatment; validity of transfer. -"(A) N o deduction . No dedu ction shall be a llowed un der this title with respect to any transfer pursuant to [106 STAT. 3047] paragraph (1), but such transfer shall not adversely affect the deductibility (under applicable provisions of this title) of contributions previously made by employers, or amounts hereafter contributed by employers, to the 1950 UMWA Pension Plan, the 1950 UM WA Benefit Pla n, the 1974 UMW A Pensio n Plan, the 1 974 UM WA Benefit Plan, the 1992 UMW A Benefit Plan, or the Combined Fund. "(B) Other tax provisions. Any transfer pursuant to paragraph (1) -"(i) shall not be treated as an employer reversion from a qualified plan for purposes of section 4980, and "(ii) shall not be includible in the gross income of any employer maintaining the 1950 UMW A Pension Plan. "(5) Treatment of transfer. Any transfer pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not be deemed to violate, or to be prohibited by, any prov ision of law, or to cause the se ttlors, joint board of trustees, em ployers or a ny related p erson to incu r or be subje ct to liability, taxes, fines, or penalties of any kind whatsoever. "(b) Transfers From Abandoned M ine Reclamation Fund -"(1) In general. The Combined Fund shall include any amount transferred to the Fund under section 402(h) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(h)). "(2) Use of funds. Any amount transferred under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year shall be used to proportionately reduce the unassigned beneficiary premium under section 9704(a)(3) of each assigned operator for the plan year in which transferred. [106 STAT. 3056] "SEC. 9722. SHAM TRANSA CTIONS . If a principal purpose of any transaction is to evade or avoid liability under this chapter, this chapter shall be applied (and such liability shall be imposed) without regard to such transaction." (b) Amendments to Surface M ining Act -(1) Extension of fee program. Section 402(b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(b)) is amended by striking "September 30, 1995" and inserting "September 30, 2004". (2) Transfer to fund. Section 402 of such Act (30 U.S.C. 1232) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: "(h) Transfer of Funds to Combined Fund. "(1) In the ca se of any fisc al year beg inning on or a fter Octob er 1, 1995, with respect to which fees are required to be paid under this section, the Secretary shall, as of the beginning of such fiscal year and before any allocation under subsection (g), make the transfer provided in paragraph (2). 135

"(2) The Secretary shall transfer from the fund to the United Mine Workers of Ame rica Com bined Ben efit Fund e stablished un der section 9 702 of the In ternal Revenue Code of 1986 for any fiscal year an amount equal to the sum of -"(A) the amount of the interest which the Secretary estimates will be earned and paid to the Fund during the fisc al year, plus "(B) the amount by which the amount described in subparagraph (A) is less than $ 70,000,000. "(3)(A) The aggregate amount which may be transferred under paragraph (2) for any fiscal year shall not exceed the amount of expenditures which the trustees of the Combined Fund estimate will be debited against the unassigned beneficiaries premium account under section 9704(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for the fiscal year of the Combined Fund in which the transfer is made. "(B) The aggregate amount which may be transferred under paragraph (2)(B) for all fiscal year s shall not exc eed an am ount equiva lent to all interes t earned an d paid to the fund after September 30, 1992, and before October 1, 1995. "(4) If, for any fiscal year, the amount transferred is more or less than the amount required to be transferred, the Secretary shall appropriately adjust the amount transferred for the next fiscal year." (3) Conforming amendm ents. (A) Section 401(c) of such Act (30 U.S.C. 1231(c)) is amended by striking "and" at the end of paragraph (11), by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph (13), and by adding after paragraph (11) the following new paragraph: "(12) for the purpose described in section 402(h); and". (B) Section 402(g)(1) of such Act (30 U.S.C. 1232(g)) is amended by striking "Moneys" and inserting "Except as provided in subsection (h), moneys". [106 STAT. 3102] SEC. 2503. CO AL REM INING. (a) Modification of Prohibition. Section 510 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260) is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof: "(e) Modification of Prohibition. After the date of enactment of this subsection, the prohibition of subsection (c) shall not apply to a permit application due to any violation resulting from an unanticipated event or condition at a surface coal mining operation on lands eligible for remining under a permit held by the person making such application. As used in this subsection, the term 'violation' has the same meaning as such term has under subs ection (c). T he authority of this subsec tion and sec tion 515(b)(2 0)(B) shall terminate on September 30, 2004." (b) Period of Responsibility. Section 515(b)(20) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1265(b)(20)) is amended a s follows: (1) Insert "(A)" after "(20)". (2) Add the following new subparagraph at the end thereof: "(B) on lands eligible for remining assume the responsibility for successful revegetation for a period of two full years after the last year of augmented seeding, 136

fertilizing, irriga tion, or other work in o rder to assur e complia nce with th e applicable standards, except in those areas or regions of the country where the annual average precipitation is twenty-six inches or less, then the operator's assumption of responsibility and liability will be extended for a period of five full years after the last year of augmented seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, [106 STAT. 3103] or other work in order to assure compliance with the applicable standards." (c) Definitions. Section 701 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1291) is amended by striking the period at the end of paragraph (32) and inserting a semicolon in lieu thereof, and by adding the following new paragraphs at the end thereof: "(33) the term 'unanticipated event or condition' as used in section 510(e) means an event or condition encountered in a remining operation that was not contemplated by the applicable surface coal mining and reclamation permit; and "(34) the term 'lands eligible for r emining' mea ns those lands that would othe rwise be eligible for expenditures under section 404 or under section 402(g)(4)." (d) Eligibility. Section 404 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1234) is amended by adding the following new sentence at the end thereof: "Surface coal mining operations on lands eligible for remining shall not affect the eligibility of such lands for reclamation and restoration under this title after the release of the bond or deposit for any such operation as provided under section 519. In the event the bond or deposit for a surface coal mining operation on lands eligible for remining is forfeited, funds available under this title may be used if the amount of such bond or de posit is not suffic ient to provide for adequ ate reclam ation or aba tement, except that if conditions w arrant the S ecretary s hall imm ediately exe rcise his auth ority under section 410." (e) Abandoned Coal Refuse Sites. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to the contrary, the Secretary of the Interior shall, within one year after the enactment of this Act, publish proposed regulations in the Federal Register, and after opp ortunity for public comm ent publish final regulations, establishing environmental protection performance and reclamation standards, and separate permit systems applicable to operations for the on-site reprocessing of abandoned coal refuse and operations for the removal of abandoned coal refuse on lands that would otherwise be eligible for expenditure under section 404 and section 402(g)(4) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. (2) The standards an d permit systems re ferred to in paragraph (1) shall distinguish between those op erations which repro cess abandoned c oal refuse on-site, and those operations which co mpletely remo ve abandoned c oal refuse from a site for the direct use of such coal refuse, or for the reprocessing of such coal refuse, at another location. Such standards and permit systems shall be premised on the distinct differences between operations for the on-site reprocessing, and operations for the removal, of abandoned coal refuse and other types of surface coal mining operations. (3) The Secretary of the Interior may devise a different standard than any of those set forth in section 515 137

and section 516 of the Sur face Mining C ontrol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, an d devise a separate permit syste m, if he de termines, on a standa rd-by-stand ard basis, tha t a different standard may facilitate the on-site reprocessing, or the removal, of abandoned coal refuse in a manner that would provide the same level of environmental protection as under section 515 and section 516.

[106 STAT. 3104] (4) Not later than 30 days prior to the publication of the proposed regulations referred to in this subsection, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate containing a detailed description of any environmental protection performance and reclamation standards, and separate permit systems, devised pursuant to this subsection. SEC. 2504. SURF ACE M INING A CT IMPL EMEN TATION . (a) Subsidence. (1) Title VII of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1291 and following) is amended by adding the following new section at the end thereof: SEC. 720. SUBSID ENCE. "(a) Req uiremen ts. Under ground co al mining o perations co nducted af ter the date of enactment of this section shall comply with each of the following requirements: "(1) Promptly repair, or compensate for, material damage resulting from subsidence caused to any occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto, or non-commercial building due to underground coal mining operations. Repair of damage shall include rehabilitation, restoration, or replacement of the damaged occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto, or non-commercial building. Compensation shall be provided to the owner of the damaged occupied residential dwelling and structures related thereto or non-commercial building and shall be in the full amount of the diminution in value resulting from the subsidence. Compensation may be accom plished by the purchase , prior to m ining, of a no ncancella ble prem ium-prep aid insurance policy. "(2) Promptly replace any drinking, domestic, or residential water supply from a well or spring in existence prior to the application for a surface coal mining and reclamation permit, which has been affected by contamination, diminution, or interruption resulting from underground coal mining operations. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit or interrupt underground coal mining operations. "(b) Regulations. Within one year after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall, after pr oviding notic e and oppo rtunity for pub lic comm ent, prom ulgate final regulations to implement subsection (a)."

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(2)(A) T he Secre tary of the In terior shall rev iew existing requirem ents related to underground coal mine subsidence and natural gas and petroleum pipeline safety. Such review shall consider the following with respect to subsidence: notification; mitigation; coordination; requirements of the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act and the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act; and the status of Federal, State and local laws, as well as common law, w ith respect to prevention or mitigation of damage from subsidence. (B) The review shall also include a survey of the status of Federal, State, and local laws, as well as common law, with respect to the responsibilities of the relevant parties for costs resulting from damage due to subsidence or from mitigation efforts undertaken to prevent damage from subsidence. (C) In conducting the review, the Secretary of the Interior shall consult with the Secretary of Transportation, the Attorney [106 STAT. 3105] General of the United States, appropriate officials of relevant States, and owners and representatives of natural gas and petroleum pipeline companies and coal companies. (D) The Secretary of the Interior shall submit a report detailing the results of the review to the Com mittee on E nergy and Natural R esources o f the United States Sena te and the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives within 18 months of enactment of this Act. Where appropriate, the Secretary of the Interio r shall com mence a rulema king to addr ess any def iciencies in existing law determined in the review under subparagraph (A) regarding notification, coordination and mitigation. (b) Valid E xisting Rights. During the 1-year pe riod follow ing the enac tment of this Act, in administering the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 reg arding valid existing rights, th e Secreta ry of the Inte rior shall con tinue in force and effect the policies of the Office of Surface Mining as set forth in the November 10, 1986 Statement of Policy published in 51 Federal Register 41952. (c) Research. (1) Section 401(c)(6) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1231(c)(6)) is amended as follows: (A) Insert ", research, and demonstration projects" after "studies". (B) Strike "to provide information, advice, and technical assistance, including research and demonstration projects". (2) Section 403(a) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1233) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and renumber the subsequent paragraphs accordingly. (3) Title VII of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1291 and following) is amended by adding the following new section after section 720: "SEC. 721. RESEA RCH. "The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement is authorized to conduct studies, research and demonstration projects relating to the implementation of, and compliance with, title V of this Act, and provide technical assistance to states for that 139

purpose. Prior to approving any such studies, research or demonstration projects the Director, Office of Surface M ining Recla mation an d Enforc ement, sh all first consult with the Director, Bureau of Mines, and obtain a determination from such Director that the Bureau of Mines is not already conducting like or similar studies, research or demonstration projects. Studies, research and demonstration projects for the purposes of title IV of this Act shall only be conducted in accordance with section 401(c)(6)." (d) Coal Form ations. (1) In furtherance of the purposes of the Act of August 31, 1954 (30 U.S.C. 551-558) the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, shall, upon application by a State, enter into a cooperative agreement with any such State that has an approved abandoned mine reclamation program pursuant to section 405 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to undertake the activities referred to in section 3(b) of the Act of August 31, 1954 (30 U.S.C. 553(b)). The Secretary shall immediately enter into such cooperative agreement upon application by a State. Any such cooperative agreement shall not [106 STAT. 3106] be subject to review or approval by the Appalachian Regional Development Commission. (2) For the purposes o f the coope rative agre ements e ntered into p ursuant to paragraph (1), the requirements of section 5 of the Act of August 31, 1954 (30 U.S.C. 555) are hereby waived. (3) Section 8 of the Act of August 31, 1954 (30 U.S.C. 558) is amended by striking "not to exceed $ 500,000 annually,". (e) Technical Amendment. Section 403(b)(2) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1233(b)(2)) is amended by inserting ", or as the case may be, the dates (and under the criteria) set forth under section 402(g)(4)(B)" after "1977" in each instance such date appears. [106 STAT. 3112] SEC. 2513. ASSIST ANCE TO SMA LL COA L OPERA TORS. (a) Assistance. Section 507(c) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C . 1257(c)) is amend ed to read as follows: "(c) Assistance to Small Coal Operators. (1) If the regulatory authority finds that the probable total annual production at all locations of a coal surface mining operator will not exceed 300,000 tons, the cost of the following activities, which shall be perform ed by a qua lified public or private labo ratory or su ch other pu blic or private qualified entity designated by the regulatory authority, shall be assumed by the regulatory authority upo n the writte n request of the operato r in connec tion with a p ermit application:

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"(A) The determination of probable hydrologic consequences required by subsection (b)(11), including the engineering analyses and designs necessary for the determination. "(B) The development of cross-section maps and plans required by subsection (b)(14). "(C) The geologic drilling and statement of results of test borings and core samplings required by subsection (b)(15). "(D) The collection of archaeological information required by subsection (b)(13) and any other archaeological and historical information required by the regulatory authority, and the preparation of plans necessitated thereby. "(E) Pre-blast surveys required by section 515(b)(15)(E). "(F) The collection of site-specific resource information and production of protection and enhancement plans for fish and wildlife habitats and other environmental values required by the regulatory authority under this Act. "(2) The Secretary shall provide or assume the cost of training coal operators that meet the q ualifications sta ted in parag raph (1) co ncerning th e prepara tion of perm it applications and compliance with the regulatory program, and shall ensure that qualified coal operators are aware of the assistance available under this subsection." (b) Reimbursement of Costs. Section 507 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1257) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(h) Reimbursement of Costs. A coal operator that has received assistance pursuant to subsection (c) (1) or (2 ) shall reimburse the regu latory authority for the cost of the services rendered if the program administrator finds that the operator's actual and attributed annual production of coal for all locations exceeds 300,000 tons during the 12 months immediately following the date on which the operator is issued the surface coal mining and reclamation permit." SEC. 2514. SURF ACE M INING RE GULA TIONS. Section 710 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1300) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: "(i) Grants. The Secretary shall make grants to the Navajo, Hopi, Northern Cheyenne, and Crow tribes to assist such tribes in developing regulations and programs for regulatin g surface c oal [106 STAT. 3113] mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands, except that nothing in this subsection may be construed as providing such tribes with the authorities set forth under section 503. Grants made under this subsection shall be used to establish an office of surface mining regulation for each such tribe. Each such office shall -"(1) develop tribal regulations and program policies with respect to surface mining;

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"(2) assist the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement established by section 201 in the inspection and enforcement of surface mining activities on Indian lands, including, but not limited to, permitting, mine plan review, and bond release; and "(3) sponsor employment training and education in the area of mining and mineral resources." SEC. 2515. AMENDMENT TO SURFA CE MINING ACT. Section 402(b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1232(b)) is amended by striking "1995" and inserting in lieu thereof "2004, after which time the fee shall be established at a rate to continue to provide for the deposit referred to in subsection (h)."

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Pream ble AMENDING ACTS SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T OF 1978. An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 95-240 (H.R. 9375); 92 STAT. 107, 109 (March 7, 1978). [92 STAT. 107] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated to supply supplemental appropriations (this Act may be cited as the "Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1978") for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and for other purposes, namely: *** [92 STAT. 109] * * * Provided, That none of the funds provided in this Act for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement shall be available for the compensation of Executive Level IV or higher positions: Provided further, That section 201(b) of the Surface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (91 ST AT. 44 5) is amen ded to delete the roman numeral "IV" in the first sentence and substitute the roman numeral "V" in lieu thereof. ***

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REORG ANIZATIO N PLAN N O. 2 OF 1978 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives in Congress assembled, May 23, 1978, pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 9 of Title 5 of the United Stated Code. 92 STAT. 3783. (May 23, 1978).

PART I. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT *** [92 STAT. 3783] Section 102 . Transfe r of Functio ns. Exce pt as otherw ise specified in this Plan, all functions vested by statute in the United States Civil Service Commission, or the Chairman of said Commission, or the Boards of Examiners established by 5 U.S.C. 1105 are h ereby tran sferred to the Director o f the Offic e of Person nel Man ageme nt. ***

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PAPERW ORK RE DUCTIO N ACT O F 1980 To reduce paperwork and enhance the economy and efficiency of the Government and the private sector by improving Federal information policy making, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 96-511; 94 ST AT. 2812, 2826 (Decem ber 11, 1980). *** [96 STAT. 2826] Sec. 4 (b) Section 201(e) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1211) is repealed. ***

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STATE MINING AND MINERA L RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTES An Act to establish a State M ining and Mineral Resou rces Research Institute program, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-409 (H.R. 4214); 98 STAT. 1536-1542 (August 29, 1984). [98 STAT. 1536] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, AUTHORIZATION OF STATE ALLOTMENTS TO INSTITUTES Section 1. (a)(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Secretary") funds adequate to provide for each participating State $300,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, and $400,000 to each participating State for each fiscal year thereafter for a total of five years, to assist the States in carrying on the work of a competent and qualified mining and mineral resources research institute or center (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "institute") at on e public colle ge or unive rsity in the State which m eets the eligibility criteria established in section 10. (2)(A) F unds appro priated und er this section s hall be ma de available for grants to be matched on a basis of no less than one and one-half non-Federal dollars for each Federal dollar during the fiscal years ending September 30, 1985, and September 30, 1986, and no less than two non-Federal dollars for each Federal dollar during the fiscal years ending September 30, 1987, September 30, 1988, and September 30, 1989. (B) If there is more than one such eligible college or university in a State, funds appropriated under this Act shall, in the absence of a designation to the contrary by act of the legislature of the State, be granted to one such college or university designated by the Government of the State. (C) Where a State does not have a public college or university eligible under section 10, th e Com mittee on M ining and M ineral Res ources R esearch e stablished in section 9 (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Committee") may allocate the State's allotment to one private college or university which it determines to be eligible under such section. (b) It shall be the duty of each institute to plan and conduct, or arrange for a compon ent or com ponents of th e college or university w ith which it is a ffiliated to conduct research, investigations, demonstrations, and experiments of either, or both, a basic or practical nature in relation to mining and mineral resources, and to provide for the training of mineral eng ineers and scientists through such re search, investigations, demonstrations, and experiments. The subject of such research, investigation, demonstration, experiment, and training may include exploration; extraction; processing; development; production of mineral resources; mining and mineral technology ; supply and demand for miner als; conser vation and b est use of av ailable

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supplies of m inerals; the e conomic , legal, socia l, engineer ing, recrea tional, biologic al, geographic, ecological, and other [98 STAT. 1537]

aspects of mining, mineral resources, and mineral reclamation. Such research, investigation, demonstration, experiment, and training shall consider the interrelationship with the natural environment, the varying conditions and needs of the respective States, and mining and mineral resources research projects being conducted by agencies of the Federal and State governments and other institutes. RESEARCH FUNDS TO INSTITUTES Sec. 2. (a) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985. This amount shall be increased by $1,000,00 0 for each year there after for fou r additional ye ars, whic h shall rem ain available un til expended . Such fund s when a ppropriate d shall be m ade availa ble to institutes to meet the necessary expenses for purposes of -(1) specific mineral research and demonstration projects of broad application, which could not otherwise be undertaken, including the expenses of planning and coordinating regional mining and mineral resources research projects by two or more institutes; and (2) resear ch into any a spects of m ining and m ineral resou rces proble ms related to the mission of the Department of the Interior, which are deemed by the Committee to be desirable and are not otherwise being studied. (b) Each application for funds under subsection (a) of this section shall state, among other things, the nature of the project to be undertaken; the period during which it will be pursued; the qualifications of the personnel who will direct and conduct it; the estimated costs; the importance of the project to the Nation, region, or State concerned; its relation to other known research projects theretofore pursued or being pursued; the extent to which the proposed project will provide opportunity for the training of mining and mineral engineers and scientists; and the extent of participation by nongovernmental sources in the project. (c) The C ommitte e shall review all such fund ing applicatio ns and rec omme nd to the Secretary the use of the institutes, insofar as practicable, to perform special research. Recommendations shall be made without regard to the race, religion, or sex of the personnel who will conduct and direct the research, and on the basis of the facilities available in relation to the particular needs of the research project; special geographic, geologic, or climatic conditions within the immediate vicinity of the institute; any other special requirements of the research project; and the extent to which such project will provide an opportunity for training individuals as mineral engineers and scientists. The Committee shall recommend to the Secretary the designation and utilization of such portions of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this section as it deems appropriate fo r the purpose of providing sc holarships, graduate fellow ships, and postdoctoral fellowsh ips. 147

(d) No funds shall be made available under subsection (a) of this section except for a project ap proved by the Secreta ry and all fun ds shall be m ade availa ble upon the basis of merit of the project, the need for the knowledge which it is expected to produce when completed, and the opportunity it provides for the training of individuals as mineral engineers and scientists. (e) No funds made available under this section shall be applied to the acquisition by purchase or lease of any land or interests therein, [98 STAT. 1538] or the rental, purchase, construction, preservation, or repair of any building. FUND ING C RITER IA Sec. 3. (a) Funds available to institutes under sections 1 and 2 of this Act shall be paid at such times and in such amounts during each fiscal year as determined by the Secretary, and upon vouchers approved by him. Each institute shall -(1) set forth its plan to provide for the training of individuals as mineral engineers and scientists under a curriculum appropriate to the field of mineral resources and mineral engineering and related fields; (2) set forth policies and procedures which assure that Federal funds made available under this Act for any fiscal year will supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the lev el of funds that would, in the ab sence of such Fed eral funds, be made available for purposes of this Act, and in no case supplant such funds; and (3) have an officer appointed by its governing authority who shall receive and account for all funds paid under the provisions of this Act and shall make an annual report to the Secretary on or before the first day of September of each year, on work accomplished and the status of projects underway, together with a detailed statement of the amounts received under any provisions of this Act during the preceding fiscal year, and of its disbursements on schedules prescribed by the Secretary. If any of the funds rece ived by the a uthorized r eceiving of ficer of any institute under the provisions of this Act shall by any action or contingency be found by the Secretary to have been improperly diminished, lost, or misapplied, such funds shall be replaced b y the State co ncerned a nd until so rep laced no su bsequent a ppropriation shall be allotted or paid to any institute of such State. (b) The institutes are authorized and encouraged to plan and conduct programs under this Act in cooperation with each other and with such other agencies and individuals as may contribute to the solution of the mining and mineral resources problems involved. Moneys appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be available for paying the necessary expenses of planning, coordinating, and conducting such cooperative research. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY Sec. 4. (a) The Sec retary shall a dminister th is Act and , after full con sultation with other interested Federal agencies, shall prescribe such rules and regulations as may be 148

necessary to carry out its provisions. The Secretary shall furnish such advice and assistance as will best promote the purposes of this Act, shall participate in coordinating research initiated under this Act by the institutes, shall indicate to them such lines of inquiry that seem most important, and shall encourage and assist in the establishment and maintenance of cooperation by and between the institutes and between them and other research organizations, the United States Department of the Interior, and other Federal establishment. (b) On or before the first day of July in each year beginning after the date of enactm ent of this A ct, the Secr etary shall as certain

[98 STAT. 1539] whether the requirements of section 3(a) have been met as to each institute and State. (c) The Secretar y shall make an an nual report to the Cong ress of receipts, expenditures, and work of the institutes in all States under the provisions of this Act. The Sec retary's re port shall indic ate whe ther any po rtion of an ap propriation a vailable for allotment to any State has been withheld and, if so, the reason therefor. AUTONOM Y Sec. 5. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to impair or modify the legal relationship existing between any of the colleges or universities under whose direction an institute is established and the government of the State in which it is located, and nothing in this Act shall in any way be constructed to authorize Federal control or direction of education at any college or university. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 6. (a) The Sec retary shall o btain the con tinuing advic e and coo peration of a ll agencies of the Federal Government concerned with mining and mineral resources, of State and local governments, and of private institutions and individuals to assure that the program s authorized by this Act w ill suppleme nt and not be redundan t with respe ct to established m ining and m inerals rese arch prog rams, an d to stimulate research in otherwise neglected areas, and to contribute to a comprehensive nationwide program of mining and mineral research, with due regard for the protection and conservation of the environment. The Secretary shall make generally available information and reports on projects completed, in progress, or planned under the provisions of this Act, in addition to any direct publication of information by the institutes themselves. (b) Nothing in this Act is intended to give or shall be construed as giving the Secretary any authority over mining and mineral resources research conducted by any agency of the Federal Government, or as repealing or diminishing existing authorities or responsibilities of any agency of the Federal Government to plan and conduct, contract for, or assist in research in its area of responsibility and concern with regard to mining and mineral resources.

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(c) No research, demonstration, or experiment shall be carried out under this Act by an institute financed by gran ts under this Act, unless all uses, prod ucts, processes, patents, and other developments resulting therefrom, with such exception or limitation, if any, as the Secretary may find necessary in the public inte rest, are m ade availa ble promptly to the general public. Patentable inventions shall be governed by the provisions of Public Law 96-517. Nothing contained in this section shall deprive the owner of any background patent relating to any such activities of any rights which that owner may have under that patent. (d) There are authorized to be appropriated after September 30, 1984, such sums as are necessary for the printing and publishing of the results of activities carried out by institutes under this Act and for administrative planning and direction, but such appropriations shall not exceed $1,000,000 in any single fiscal year. [98 STAT. 1540] CENTER FOR CATALOGING Sec. 7. The Secretary shall establish a center for cataloging current and projected scientific research in all fields of mining and mineral resources. Each Federal agency doing mining and mineral resources research shall cooperate by providing the cataloging center with information on work underway or scheduled by it. The cataloging center shall classify and maintain for public use a catalog of mining and mineral resources research and investigation projects in progress or scheduled by all Federal agencies and by such non-Fed eral agencies of gove rnment, colleges, un iversities, private institutions, firms, and individuals as may make such information available. INTERAGENCY COOPERATION Sec. 8. The President shall, by such means as he deems appropriate, clarify agency responsibility for Federal mining and mineral resources research and provide for interagency coordination of such research, including the research authorized by this Act. Such coordination shall include -(1) continuing review of the adequacy of the Government-wide program in mining and mineral resources research; (2) identification and elimination of duplication and overlap between agency programs; (3) identification of technical needs in various mining and mineral resources research categories; (4) recommendations with respect to allocation of technical effort among Federal agencies; (5) review of technical manpower needs, and findings concerning management policies to improve the quality of the Government-wide research effort; and (6) actions to facilitate interagency communication at management levels. COMMITTEE

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Sec. 9. (a) The Secretary shall appoint a Committee on Mining and Mineral Resources Research composed of -(1) the Assistant Secretary of the Interior responsible for minerals and mining research, or his delegate; (2) the Director, Bureau of Mines, or his delegate; (3) the Director, United States Geological Survey, or his delegate; (4) the Director of the National Science Foundation, or his delegate; (5) the President, National Academy of Sciences, or his delegate; (6) the President, National Academy of Engineering, or his delegate; and (7) not more than six other persons who are knowledgeable in the fields of mining and mineral resources research, including two university administrators involved in the conduct of programs authorized by section 301 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, two representatives from the mining industry, a working miner, a nd a repre sentative fro m the con servation co mmun ity. In mak ing these six appointments, the Secretary shall consult with interested groups. [98 STAT. 1541] (b) The Committee shall consult with, and make recommendations to, the Secretary on all matters relating to mining and mineral resources research and the determin ations that are required to b e made under this A ct. The Se cretary sha ll consult with, and consider recommendations of, such Comm ittee in such matters. (c) Committee members, other than officers or employees of Federal, State, or local governments, shall be for each day (including travel time) during which they are performing Committee business, paid at a rate fixed by the Secretary but not excess of the daily equivalent of the maximum rate of pay for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under sec tion 5332 of title 5 of the Un ited States C ode, and sh all be fully reimbursed for trav el, subsistence, and related ex penses. (d) The Committee shall be jointly chaired by the Assistant Secretary of the Interior responsible for minerals and mining and a person to be elected by the Committee from among the members referred to in paragraphs (5), (6), and (7) of subsection (a) of this section. (e) The Committee shall develop a national plan for research in mining and mineral resources, considering ongoing efforts in the universities, the Federal Govern ment, an d the private sector, and shall form ulate and re comm end a prog ram to implement the plan utilizing resources provided for under this Act. The Committee shall submit such plan to the Secretary, the President, and the Congress on or before March 1, 1986, and shall update the plan annually thereafter. (f) Section 10 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the Committee. ELIGIB ILITY C RITER IA Sec. 10. (a) The Committee shall determine the eligibility of a college or university to p articipate as a mining an d minera l resources research institute under this Act using criteria which include -151

(1) the prese nce of a sub stantial progr am of gra duate instruc tion and rese arch in mining or mineral extraction or closely related fields which has a demonstrated history of achievement; (2) evidence of institutional commitment for the purposes of this Act; and (3) evidence that such institution has or can obtain significant industrial cooperation in activities within the scope of this Act; and [98 STAT. 1542] (4) the prese nce of an e ngineering program in mining or minerals e xtraction tha t is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, or evidence of equivalent institutional capability as determined by the Committee. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), those colleges or universities which, on the date of enactment of this Act, have a mining or mineral resources research institute program which has been found to be eligible pursuant to title III of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445) shall continue to be eligible pursuant to this Act for a period of four fiscal years beginning October 1, 1984.

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MINING AND MINERAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AMEN DMEN TS OF 1988 An Act to authorize appropriations for the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act for fiscal years 1990 through 1993; Pub. L. 100-483 (H.R. 3977); 102 STAT. 2339, 2340, 2341 (October 12, 1988) [102 STAT. 2339] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Sec. 1. REFERENCES. Any references in this Act to the "Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984" is a referenc e to the Ac t of Augus t 29, 1984, e ntitled "To e stablish a State Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute program, and for other purposes" (30 U.S.C. 1221 through 1230]. Sec. 2. ALLOTMENT OF GRANTS AUTHORIZATION PERIOD; LIMITATION. Section 1(a)(1) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1221(a)(1)) is amended by striking "$300,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, and "$400,000 to each participating State for each fiscal year thereafter for a total of five years" and inserting in lieu thereof the following: "$400,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1990, through September 30, 1994". Sec. 3. MATCHING FUNDS REQUIREMENT. Section 1(a)(2)(A) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1 221(a)(2)(A)) is am ended to read as follow s: "(A) Fu nds approp riated unde r this section sh all be mad e available f or grants to be matched on a basis of no less than 2 non-Federal dollars for each Federal dollar." Sec. 4. RESEARCH SUBJECT. The second sentence of section 1(b) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Ac t of 1984 (30 U.S.C . 1221(b)) is a mende d by inserting "fuel and no nfuel" immediately after "production of". Sec. 5. RESEARCH GRANTS AUTHORIZATION PERIOD. Section 2(a) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 122 (a)) is amended a s follows: 153

(1) The first sentence is amended to read as follows: "There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary not more than $15,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending Se ptember 30, 1990, th rough Sep tember 3 0, 1994, w hich shall rem ain available until expended.". (2) The second sentence is deleted. (3) In the third sentence, strike "institutes" and insert "an institute or to institutes participating in a generic mineral technology center". [102 STAT. 2340] Sec. 6. ADMINISTRATION The first sentence of section 4(a) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1224(a)) is amended by inserting ", acting through the Director of the Bureau of Mines," immediately after "The Secretary". Sec. 7. ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. Section 6(d) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 122 6(d)) is amended to re ad as follows: "(d)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $450,000 for each of the fiscal ye ars ending S eptembe r 30, 1990, through Se ptember 30, 1994, to administer this Act. No funds may be withheld by the Secretary for administrative expenses from thos e authorize d to be appr opriated by sections 1 an d 2 of this A ct. "(2) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as are necessary for the printing and publishing of the results of activities carried out by institutes and generic mineral technology centers under this Act, but such appropriations shall not exceed $550,000 in any single fiscal year." Sec. 8. ADVISORY COMMITTEE Section 9(a)(7) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1229(a)(7)) is amended by striking "six" in the first and last sentences and inserting in lieu thereof "7", and by striking "section 301 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, two" and inserting in lieu thereof "this Act, 3". Sec. 9. PLAN UPDATE. Section 9(e) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1229(e)) is amended by striking "update the plan annually thereafter" in the second sentence and inserting in lieu thereof "submit an annual update of such plan by January 15 of each calendar year". Sec. 10. ELIGIBILITY.

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Section 10(b) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 123 0(b)) is amended to re ad as follows: "(b)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), those colleges or universities which, on the date of enactment of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988, have a mining or mineral resources research institute program which has been found to be eligible subject to review at least once during the p eriod autho rized by the Mining a nd Mine ral Resou rces Res earch Institu te Amendments of 1988, under the provisions of subsection (a). The results of such review shall be submitted by January 15, 1992, pursuant to section 11(a)(2) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988. "(2) Gen eric mine ral technolo gy centers established b y the Secre tary under this Act are to be comp osed of institute s eligible pursu ant to subsec tion (a). Exis ting generic mineral technology c enters shall continue to be eligible unde r this Act subject to at least one review prior to January 15, 1992, pursuant to section 11(a)(3) of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendm ents of 1988." [102 STAT. 2341] SEC. 11. REPORTS. (a) REPORT ON PR OGRAM S. - The Committee on Mining and Mineral Resources Research established under section 9 of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1229) shall submit a report by January 15, 1992, to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate on the programs established under that Act. Such report may be submitted in conjunction with the annual plan update required by section 9(e) of such Act (30 U.S.C. 1229(e)) and shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, each of the following: (1) A review of the activities of the institutes and generic mineral technology centers established under the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984. (2) A review of each institute's eligibility pursuant to section 10 of the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1230). (3) A review of each generic mineral technology center's eligibility. In conducting such review the committee shall consider the following criteria: (A) Relevance and effectiveness of the research conducted. (B) Need for further research in the generic area. (4) Recommendations on establishing a mechanism by which new generic mineral technology centers can be established and existing centers can be phased-out or consolidated upon completion of their mission. (b) The committee shall submit a proposal to establish a Generic Mineral Technology Center on Strategic and Critical Minerals to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs of the United States House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate by January 15, 1990.

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Sec. 12. SHORT TITLE OF ACT. The Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 is amended by inserting the following new section after section 10. "This Ac t may be c ited as the M ining and M ineral Res ources R esearch In stitute Act of 1984.". Sec. 13. SHORT TITLE OF AMENDM ENTS. This Ac t may be c ited as the M ining and M ineral Res ources R esearch In stitute Amendments of 1988.

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NATION AL GEOL OGIC MA PPING ACT OF 1992 An Ac t to enhance geologic map ping of the U nited States, an d for other pu rposes; Pub. L. 102-285 (H.R. 2763); 106 STAT. 166, 172 (May 18, 1992) [106 STAT. 166] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, [106 STAT. 172] Sec. 10. (b) The B ureau of M ines establishe d by the A ct of Ma y 16, 1910 (30 U.S. C. 1), is designated as and shall here after be known as the United States Bur eau of Mines.

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STRATEG IC AND C RITICAL M INERALS A CT OF 1990 An Act to amend the Mining and M inerals Resources Research Institute Act of 1984, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 101-498 (H.R. 4111); 104 STAT. 1207, 1208 (November 2, 1990) [104 STAT. 1207] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Sec. 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the "Strategic and Critical Minerals Act of 1990". Sec. 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF GENERIC CENTER. The Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C.1221 and following) is amended by adding the following new section at the end thereof: "Sec. 12. STRATEGIC RESOURCES GENERIC MINERAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER. "(a) ESTABLISHMEN T. - The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed to establish a Strategic Resources Mineral Technology Center (hereinafter referred to as the 'center') for the purpose of improving existing, and developing new, technologies that will decrease the dependence of the United States on supplies of strategic and critical minerals. "(b) FUNCT IONS - The center shall "(1) provide for studies and technology development in the areas of mineral extraction and refining processes, product substitution and conservation of mineral resources through rec ycling and advance d processing and fabric ation methods; "(2) identify new deposits of strategic and critical mineral resources; and "(3) facilitate the transfer of information, studies, and technologies developed by the center to the private sector. "(c) CRITERIA - The Secretary shall establish the center referred to in subsection (a) at a university that "(1) does not currently host a generic mineral technology center; "(2) has established advanced degree programs in geology and geological engineering, and metallurgical and mining engineering; "(3) has expertise in materials and advanced processing research; and "(4) is located west of the 100th meridian. [104 STAT. 1208]

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"(d) AUTHORIZA TION OF A PPROPRIATION S. - There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section."

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P A TE N T A N D TR A D EM A R K L A W S An Act to amend the patent and trademark laws; Pub. L. 96-517 (H.R. 6933); 94 STAT. 3015, 3026 (D ecember 12, 1980). [94 STAT. 3015] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That title 35 of the United States Code, entitled "Patents", is amended by adding after chapter 29 the following new chapter 30: *** [94 STAT. 3026] Subsection 210. Precedence of chapter "(a) This chapter shall take precedence over any other Act which would require a disposition of rig hts in subject inv entions of sm all business firm s or nonpro fit organizations contractors in a manner that is inconsistent with this chapter, including but not necessarily limited to the following: *** "(18) section 306(d), of the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1226(d); 91 STAT . 455); *** [Note: 306(d) became 306(c) as of August 29, 1984 recodification.]

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AN ACT An Act to revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws related to money and finance as title 31, United States Code "Money and Finance"; Pub. L. 97-258 (H.R. 6128); 96 STAT. 877, 1067 (September 13, 1982). *** [96 STAT. 877] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, *** [96 STAT. 1067] Sec. 4. (a) Sections 1-3 of this Act restate, without substantive change, laws enacted before April 16, 1982, that were replaced by those sections. Those sections may not be construed as making a substantive change in the laws replaced. Laws enacted after April 15, 1982, that are inconsistent with this Act supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency. (b) A reference to a law replaced by sections 1-3 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act. *** [Note: In subsection 306(c), "section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31" was substituted for "section 3684 [3648] of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 529)" on authority of Pub. L. 97-258, subsection 4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 STAT. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.]

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CONTINUING APPROPRIATIONS, 1985 -- COMPREHENSIVE CRIME C ONTRO L ACT OF 1984 Joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-473 (H.J. Res. 648); 98 STAT. 1837, 1847, 1852-1853, 1875 (October 12, 1984). [98 STAT. 1837] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I That the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and out of applicable corporate or other revenues, receipts, and funds, for the several departments, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes, namely: *** [98 STAT. 1847] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT *** ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND *** [98 STAT. 1875] Sec. 324. Notwithstanding any other provision of this joint resolution or any other law, section 401(c)(1) of Public Law 95-87 is amended by striking the word "and" after the words "in situ;" and adding the following after the word "subsidence;": "and establishm ent of self-sus taining, individ ual State adm inistered pro grams to in sure private property against damages caused by land subsidence resulting from underground coal mining in tho se States w hich have r eclama tion plans app roved in ac cordance with section 503 of this Act: Provided, That funds used for this purpose shall not exceed $3,000,00 0 of the fund s made a vailable to an y State unde r Section 40 2(g)(2) of this Act;". ***

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AN ACT An Act to revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws related to money and finance as title 31, United States Code "Money and Finance"; Pub. L. 97-258 (H.R. 6128); 96 STAT. 877, 1067 (September 13, 1982). *** [96 STAT. 877] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, *** [96 STAT. 1067] Sec. 4. (a) Sections 1-3 of this Act restate, without substantive change, laws enacted before April 16, 1982, that were replaced by those sections. Those sections may not be construed as making a substantive change in the laws replaced. Laws enacted after April 15, 1982, that are inconsistent with this Act supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency. (b) A reference to a law replaced by sections 1-3 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act. *** [Note: In subsection 402(g)(2), "chapter 69 of title 31" was substituted for "the Act of Octobe r 20, 1976, Public La w 94-56 5 (90 STA T. 2662) [ 31 U.S.C . et seq" on a uthority of Pub. L. 97-258, Section 4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 STAT. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.]

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SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977, AMENDMENT An Act to am end the Surface M ining Control and Reclam ation Act of 1977 to permit States to set aside in a special trust fund up to 10 per centum of the annual State fun ds from the Ab andon ed Min e Land Reclam ation Fu nd for ex penditu re in the future for purposes of abandone d mine reclamation, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 100-34 (H.R. 1963); 101 S TAT. 300 (M ay 7, 1987). [101 STAT. 300] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I -- SPECIAL STATE SET-ASIDE SEC. 101. AMENDMENT OF SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT. Section 402 (g) of the Su rface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 is amended by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4) and by adding the following new paragraph after paragraph (2): "(3) SPECIAL ST ATE SET -ASIDE FO R FUTU RE EXPE NDITUR E. -Notwithstanding the proviso contained in paragraph (2), any State may receive and retain, without regard to the three-year limitation referred to in such proviso, up to ten per centum of the appro priated fund s granted a nnually by th e Secreta ry to that State under paragraph (2) if such moneys are deposited in a special trust fund established under State law and such moneys (together with all interest earned on such moneys) may be expended by the State solely to accomplish the purposes of this title after August 3, 1992. All mone ys so deposited in special State trust acco unts, as well as all interest earned, shall be considered State moneys. This paragraph shall cease to apply to any State for fiscal years after any fiscal year in which approval of the State regulatory program unde r section 503 is terminated or withdrawn by the Secretary until the first subsequen t fiscal year a fter the fiscal y ear in wh ich the Sec retary rea pproves the State program." ***

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FURTHE R CONT INUING AP PROPRIAT IONS, 1983 Joint resolution making further continuing appropriations and providing for productive employment for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-377 (H.J. Res. 631), 96 STA T. 1830, 1918 (Decemb er 21, 1982). [96 STAT. 1830] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and out of applicable corporate or other revenues, rec eipts, and funds, for the sever al departments, age ncies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes, namely: *** [96 STAT. 1918] Sec. 150. Within 60 days of receipt of a complete abandoned mine reclamation fund grant application from any eligible State under the provisions of the Surface Mining C ontrol and R eclama tion Act (91 STAT . 460) the Se cretary of I nterior shall grant to such State any an d all funds av ailable for su ch purpose s in the applica ble appropria tions Act. ***

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SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T, 1987 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and for other purposes; P.L. 100-71 (H.R. 1827); 101 STAT. 391, 416 (July 11, 1987). [101 STAT. 391] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to provide supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending Septemb er 30, 1987, and for o ther purposes, namely: *** [101 STAT. 416] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND Section 405 (k) of the Su rface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (Public Law 95-87) is amended by adding at the end thereof, "except for purposes of subsection (c) of this section with respect to the Navajo, Hopi and Crow Indian Tribes". ***

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AGRICU LTURE A ND FOOD ACT OF 1981 An Act to provide price and income protection for farmers, assure consumers an abundance of food and fiber at reason able prices, continue food assistance to low-income households, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-98 (S.B. 884); 95 STAT. 1213, 1344 (D ecember 22, 1981). [95 STAT. 1213] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act, with the fo llowing table of contents, may be cited as the "Agriculture and Food Act of 1981". *** RECLAMATION [95 STAT. 1344] Sec. 1551. Section 406(d) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1236(d)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Notwithstanding any other provision of this section with regard to acreage limitations, the Secretary of Agriculture may carry out experimental reclamation treatment projects to control erosion and improve water quality on all lands within a hydrologic unit, consisting of not more than 25,000 acres, if the Secretary determines that treatment of such lands as a hydrologic unit will achieve greater reduction in the adverse effects of past surface mining practices than would be achieved if reclamation was done on individual parcels of land." ***

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1984 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1984, and for other pur poses; Pub. L. 98-146 (H.R. 3363); 97 S TAT. 919, 938 (Nove mber 4, 1983). [97 STAT. 919] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and for other purposes, namely: *** [97 STAT. 938] Sec. 115. Notwithstanding section 507(b)(14) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclam ation Act o f 1977 (Pub lic Law 9 5-87), cro ss-sections, m aps or plans of land to be affected by an application for a surface mining and reclamation permit shall be prepared by or under the direction of a qualified registered professional engineer or geologist, or qualified registered professional land surveyor in any State which authorizes land surveyo rs to prepare and cer tify such maps or plans. ***

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CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S, FISCAL YEA R 1988 Joint Resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988, and for other purposes; P.L. 100-202 (H.J.Res 395); 101 STAT. 1329, 1329-214, 1329-226, 1329-227 (December 22, 1987) [101 STAT. 1329] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That -*** [101 STAT. 1329-214] CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S 1988 AN ACT Making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending Sep tember 30, 1988 , and for other purpose s. TITLE I -- DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR *** [101 STAT. 1329-226] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY * * * Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, may utilize directly or through grants to States in fiscal year 1988, moneys collected pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section [101 STAT. 1329-227] 518 of the S urface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (30 U. S.C. 126 8), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior shall abide by and adhere to the terms of the Settlement Agreement in NWR v. Miller, C.A. No. 86-99 (E.D. Ky), and not take any actions incon sistent with the provisions of footnote 3 of the Agre ement w ith respect to any State or Federal program. ***

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SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977, AMENDMENT An Act to am end the Surface M ining Control and Reclam ation Act of 1977 to permit States to set aside in a special trust fund up to 10 per centum of the annual State fun ds from the Ab andon ed Min e Land Reclam ation Fu nd for ex penditu re in the future for purposes of abandoned mine reclamation, and for other purposes; P. L. 100-34 (H.R. 1963); 101 STAT. 300, 301 (May 7, 1987) [101 STAT. 300] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, *** TITLE II -- TWO-ACRE EXEMPTION SEC. 201. REPEAL OF EXEMPTION. (a) REPEAL. -- Section 528 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1278) is amended as follows: (1) In paragraph (1), insert "and" immediately after "him;". (2) Strike out paragraph (2). (3) Redesignate paragraph (3) as (2). (b) EFFECTIVE DA TE FOR NE W OPERA TIONS. -- The amendments made by this section sha ll take effect o n the date 30 days after th e enactm ent of this A ct with respect to each operator commencing surface coal mining operations on or after such date. (c) EFF ECTI VE D ATE FOR EXIST ING O PERA TION S. -- The a mendm ents made by this section sha ll take effect o n the date 6 m onths after th e enactm ent of this Act with respect to each operator commencing surface coal mining operations pursuant to an authorization under [101 STAT. 301] State law before the date 30 days after the enactment of this Act. Nothing in this Act shall preclude reclamation activities pursuant to State law or regulations at the site of any surface coal mine which was exempt from the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 under section 528(2) of that Act, as in effect before the enactment of this Act. (d) EFFECT ON STATE LAW. -- To the extent that any provision of a State law, or of a State regulation, adopted pursuant to the exception under section 528(2) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 as in effect before the enactment of this Act, is inconsistent with the amendments made by this section, such provision shall be of no further force and effect after the effective date of such amendments. 170

(e) DEFINITION. -- For purposes of this section, the term "surface coal mining operations" has the meaning provided by section 701(28) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. ***

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SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977 An A ct to am end the Surface Minin g Cont rol and R eclama tion Ac t of 1977 (P ublic Law 95-87) to raise certain authorized funding levels contained therein, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 95-343 (S. 2463), 92 S TAT. 473 (Au gust 11, 1978). [92 STAT. 473] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 712 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-87, 91 STAT. 445, 524) is hereby amended as follows: (1) in subsection (a), delete all after "September 30, 1978," and insert in lien thereof: "$25,000,000 for each of the two succeeding fiscal years, and in such fiscal years such additional amounts as may be necessary for increases in salary, pay, retirement, other employee benefits authorized by law, and other non-discretionary costs."; and (2) delete subsection (b) and insert in lieu thereof: "(b) For the implem entation and funding of se ction 507(c ) there are authorized to be appropriated sums reserved by section 401(b)(1) for the purposes of section 507(c) and such additional sums as may be necessary (i) for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, to provide an amount not to exceed $10,000,000 to carry out the purposes of section 507(c) and (ii) for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1979, and September 30, 1980, to provide an amount not to exceed $25,000,000 to carry out the purposes of section 507(c)."

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PUBLIC UT ILITY REGU LATOR Y POLICIES A CT OF 1978 An A ct to susp end un til the close o f June 30 , 1980, the duty on certain d oxorub icin hydrochloride antibiotics. Pub. L. 95-617 (H.R . 4018); 92 STAT. 3117, 3166-3167. (November 9, 1978). [92 STAT. 3117] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Section 1. Sho rt Title and Ta ble of Conten ts. (a) Short Title -- This Act may be cited as the "Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978". *** [92 STAT. 3166] SEC. 604 COAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES (a) Designation -- So much of section 801 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclam ation of 1977 as preced es subsectio n (b) of para graph (2) th ereof is am ended to read as follows: "ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIVERSITY COAL RESEA RCH LABORATO RIES "SEC. 801. (a) The Secretary of Energy, after consultation with the National Academy of Engineering, shall designate thirteen institutions of higher education at which university coal research laboratories will be established and operated. Ten such designations shall be made as provided in subsection (e) and the remaining three shall be made in fiscal year 1980. "(b) In making designations under this section, the Administrator shall consider the following criteria: "(1) Those ten institutions of higher education designated as provided in subsection (e) shall be located in a State with abundant coal reserves." (b) AU THO RIZA TION OF A PPRO PRIA TION S - Section 8 06 of such A ct is amended to rea d as follows: "AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS "Sec. 806. (a) For the ten institutions referred to in the last sentence of section 801(a), there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979 (including the cost of construction, equipment, and startup expenses), and not to exceed $7,500,000 for the fiscal year 1980 and for each 173

fiscal year thereafter through the fiscal year ending before October 1, 1984, to carry out the provisions of this title. [92 STAT. 3167] "(b) For the three remaining institutions referred to in the last sentence of section 801(a), there are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $6,500,000 for the fiscal year 1980 (including the cost of construction, equipment, and startup expenses), and not to exceed $2,000,000 for each fiscal year after fiscal year 1980 ending before October 1, 1984, to carry out the provisions of this title.". (c) CONFORM ING AME NDMEN T -- Title VIII of such Act is amended by striking out the terms "Administrator" and "Administrator, ERDA" in each place they appear and substituting "Secretary of Energy" in each such place. ***

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DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORGANIZATION ACT An Act to establish a Department of Energy in the executive branch by the reorganization of energy functions within the Fede ral Government in ord er to secure effective management to assure a coordinated national energy policy, and for other purposes.; Pub. L. 95-91 (S. 826); 91 STAT. 565, 577-578, 606-607 (August 4, 1977). [91 STAT. 565] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Department of Energy Organization Act". *** [91 STAT. 577] TITLE III -- TRANSFERS OF FUNCTIONS GENERAL TRANSFERS Sec. 301. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, there are hereby transferred to, and vested in, the Secretary all the functions vested by law in the Administrator of the Federal Energy Administration or the Federal Energy Administration, the Administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration or the Energy Research and Development Administration; and the functions vested [91 STAT. 578] by law in the officers and components of either such Administration. *** [91 STAT. 606] AGENCY TERMINATIONS Sec. 703. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, whenever all of the functions vested by law in any agency, commission, or other body, or any component thereof, have been terminated or transferred from that agency, commission, or other body, or compon ent, by this A ct, the agen cy, com mission or o ther body, o r compo nent, shall terminate. If an agency, commission, or other body, or any component thereof, terminates pursuant to the preceding sentence, each position and

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office therein which was expressly authorized by law, or the incumbent of which was authorized to receive compensation at the rates prescribed for an office or position at level II, III, IV, or V of the Executive Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5313-5316), shall terminate. *** SAVINGS PROVISIONS Sec. 705. (a) A ll orders, determinations, rules, re gulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses and privileges -(1) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective by the President, any Federal department or agency or official thereof, or by a court of compe tent jurisdiction, in the perfor mance of functions w hich are tra nsferred u nder this Act to the Department or the Commission after the date of enactment of this Act, and (2) which are in effect at the time of this Act takes effect, shall continue in effect according to their term s until modifie d, termina ted, superse ded, set asid e, or revok ed in accordance with law by the President, the Secretary, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, or other authorized officials, a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law. (b)(1) The provisions of this Act shall not affect any proceedings or any application for any license, permit, certificate, or financial assistance pending at the time this Act takes effect before any department, agency, commission, or component thereof, functions of w hich are tra nsferred b y this Act; b ut such proc eedings an d application s, to the extent tha t they relate to f unctions so tra nsferred, s hall be contin ued. Or ders shall be issued in such proceedings, appeals shall be taken therefrom, and payments shall be made pu rsuant to suc h orders, a s if this Act ha d not been e nacted; an d orders issu ed in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or revoked by a duly authorized official, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to prohibit the discontinuance or modification of any [91 STAT. 607] such proceeding under the same terms and conditions and to the same extent that such proceeding could have been discontinued or modified if this Act had not been enacted. (2) The Secretary and the Commission are authorized to promulgate regulations providing for the orderly transfer of such proceedings to the Department or the Commission. (c) Except as provided in subsection (e) -(1) the prov isions of this A ct shall not affe ct suits com mence d prior to the d ate this Act takes effect, and, (2) in all such s uits, procee dings shall be had, appe als taken, an d judgem ents rendered in the same manner and effect as if this Act had not been enacted. (d) No suit, a ction, or othe r proceed ing comm enced by or against an y officer in h is official capacity as an officer of any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act, shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. No cause of 176

action by or against any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act, or by or against any officer thereof in his official capacity shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. (e) If, before the date on which this Act takes effect, any department or agency, or officer thereof in his official capacity, is a party to a suit, and under this Act any function of such department, agency, or officer is transferred to the Secretary or any other official, then such suit shall be continued with the Secretary or other official, as the case may be, substituted. *** REFERENCE Sec. 707. With respect to any functions transferred by this Act and exercised after the effective date of this A ct, referen ce in any oth er Feder al law to an y departm ent, commission, or agency or any officer or office the functions of which are so transferred shall be deemed to refer to the Secretary, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, or other official or comp onent of the Depar tment in which this A ct vests such functions. ***

177

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ORGANIZATION ACT An Act to establish a Department of Education, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 96-88 (S. 210); 93 STAT. 668, 677, 692 (O ctober 17, 1979). [93 STAT. 668] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, *** [93 STAT. 677] TITLE III -- TRANSFERS OF AGENCIES AND FUNCTIONS TRANSFERS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE Sec. 301. (a) There are transferred to the Secretary -- (1) all functions of the Assistant Secretary for Education and of the Commissioner of Education of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and all functions of the Office of such Assistant Secretary and of the Education Division of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and of any officer or component of such Office or Division; *** [93 STAT. 692] REFERENCE Sec. 507. With respect to any function transferred by this Act and exercised on or after the effective date of this Act, reference in any other Federal law to any department, commission, or agency or any officer or office the functions of which are so transferred shall be deemed to refer to the Secretary, other official, or component of the Departme nt to which this Act transfer s such functions. ***

178

APPROPRIATIONS SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T. 1978 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 95-240 (H.R. 9375); 92 STAT. 107, 109 (March 7, 1978). [92 STAT. 107] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated to supply supplemental appropriations (this Act may be cited as the "Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1978") for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, and for other purposes, namely: *** [92 STAT. 109] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ENFORCEMENT AND RESEARCH For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, $30,880,000. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION (INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS) For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of Title IV of the Surface Mining C ontrol and R eclama tion Act of 1 977, Public Law 95 -87, $36,6 47,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That $36,647,000 shall be transferred from unappropriated receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund into the General Fund of the Treasury prior to September 30, 1978. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement shall be available for the purch ase of not to exceed 58 passenger motor vehicles: Provided, That none of the funds provided in this Act for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement shall be available for the compensation of Executive Level IV or higher positions: Provided further, That section 201(b) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445) is amended to delete the roman numeral "IV" in the first sentence and substitute the roman numeral "V" in lieu thereof. 179

***

180

AUTHORIZATION, APPROPRIATIONS--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1979, and for other pur poses; Pub. Law 95-465 (H .R. 12932), 92 STAT . 1279, 1286 (October 17, 1978). [92 STAT. 1279] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and for other purposes, namely: *** [92 STAT. 1286] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, $53,944,000. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of Title IV of the Surface Mining C ontrol and R eclama tion Act of 1 977, Public Law 95 -87, to rem ain available until expended, $61,451,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION Appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement shall be available for the purch ase of not to exceed 10 passenger motor vehicles.

181

APPROPRIATIONS--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1980, and for other pur poses; Pub; L. 96-126 (H.R. 4930); 93 S TAT. 954, 962, 967 (Nove mber 27, 1979). [93 STAT. 954] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980, and for other purposes, namely: *** [93 STAT. 962] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, $84,687,000. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining C ontrol and R eclama tion Act of 1 977, Public Law 95 -87, to rem ain available until expended, $94,916,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. [93 STAT. 967] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior and for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction, and for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public-Law 95-87: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement 182

to other Fe deral agen cies for destr uction of ve hicles, aircr aft, or other equipme nt in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That no appropriations made in this title shall be available for acquisition of automatic data processing equipment, software, or services in excess of $1,000,000 systems life cost, without prior approval of the Secretary.

183

APPROPRIATIONS--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RE LATED A GENCIES FO R FISCAL Y EAR, 1981 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1981, and for other pur poses; Pub. L. 96-514 (H.R. 7724); 94 S TAT. 2957, 2966, 2971 (De cember 12, 1980). [94 STAT. 2957] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies fo r the fiscal year Septem ber 30, 1981, and for other purposes, namely: *** [94 STAT. 2966] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, $92,833,000 including the purchase of not to exceed 34 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not mor e than 34 pa ssenger m otor vehicle s for replac ement on ly, to rema in available until expended, $82,485,000 of which $16,000,000 shall be available to the Bureau of Mines to carry out research, demonstration, and reclamation projects authorized by section 403, Public Law 95-87, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. [94 STAT. 2971] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior and for 184

the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction, and for emergency reclamation projects under section 41 of Public-Law 95-87: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Fe deral agen cies for destr uction of ve hicles, aircr aft, or other equipme nt in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That no appropriations made in this title shall be available for acquisition of automatic data processing equipment, software, or services in excess of $1,000,000 systems life cost, without prior approval of the Secretary.

185

SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS AND RESCISSION ACT, 1981 An Act making supplemental and further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, rescinding certain budget authority, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-12 (H.R . 3512); 95 STAT. 14, 45 (June 5, 1981 ). [95 STAT. 14] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply supplemental appropriations (this Act may be cited as the "Supplemental Appropriations and Rescission Act, 1981") for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, that the following rescissions of budget authority are made, and for other purposes, namely: *** [95 STAT. 45] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY (RESCISSION AND DEFERRAL) Of the funds appropriated under this head in the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1981 (Public Law 96-514), $3,154,000 are rescinded and $5,800,000 shall not become available for obligation until October 1, 1981, to remain available for obligation until September 30, 1982.

186

OMNIBU S BUDGE T RECO NCILIATION ACT OF 1981 An Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to section 301 of the first concurrent resolution on the budget for the fiscal year 1982; Pub. L. 97-35 (H.R. 3982); 95 STAT. 357, 748 (A ugust 13, 1981). SHORT TITLE [95 STAT. 357] SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981". *** [95 STAT. 748] Sec. 1401. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, there shall not be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior for Department of the Interior programs as defined in subsection (e) in excess of $4,095,404,000 for the fiscal year ending on September 30, 1981; in excess of $3,970,267,000 for the fiscal year ending on September 30, 1982; $4,680,223,000 for the fiscal year ending on September 30, 1983; and $4,797,281,000 for the fiscal year ending on September 30, 1984. (b) It is the sense of the Congress that the appropriations targets for such fiscal years should be: * * * not less than $6,200,000 to be appropriated annually to carry out the provisions of title III of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445 ); and not less than $100, 000,000 to b e appropr iated annua lly pursuant to the Act of Octob er 20, 1976 (90 Stat. 2662 ; 31 U.S.C. 1 601, et seq.) including not less than $5,00 0,000 ann ually to carry out the purpo ses of section 3 of said A ct. (c) Notw ithstanding the limitation othe rwise im posed by su bsection (a) of this section-(1) the authorization for obligation and appropriations for the Department of the Interior may exceed the amount specified in subsection (a) by such amount as permanent and annual indefinite appropriations exceed the estimates for such appropriations as contained in "The Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1982," as revised by the March 1981, publication of the Office of Management and Budget entitled "Fiscal Year 1982 Budget Revisions", when receipts available to be appropriated equal or exceed such appropriations, and * * *.

187

APPRO PRIATIO NS--DEPA RTME NT OF T HE INTE RIOR-FISCAL YE AR 1982 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1982, and for other pur poses; Pub. L. 97-100 (H.R. 4035); 95 S TAT. 1391, 1398, 1403 (De cember 23, 1981). [95 STAT. 1391] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, and for other purposes, namely: *** [95 STAT. 1398] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, $60,953,000 including the purchase of not to exceed 10 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not mor e than 15 pa ssenger m otor vehicle s for replac ement on ly, to rema in available until expended $106,335,000, of which $16,000,000 shall be available to the Bureau of Mines to carry out research, demonstration, and reclamation projects authorized by section 403, Public Law 95-87, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. [95 STAT. 1403] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior and for 188

the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under section 41 of Public-Law 9587: Provided, That app ropriations m ade in this title for fire suppre ssion purpo ses shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That no appropriations made in this title shall be available for acquisition of automatic data processing equipment, software, or services in excess of $1,000,000 systems life cost, without prior approval of the Secretary.

189

SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T, 1982 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-257 (H.R. 6863), 96 STAT. 818, 838, 841 (September 10, 1982). [96 STAT. 818] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply supplemental appropriation for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, and for other purposes, namely: *** [96 STAT. 838] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For an additional amount for "Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund", $13,251,000 for the purposes of section 406 of Public Law 95-87. [96 STAT. 841] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FOSSIL ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT For an additional amount for "Fossil energy research and development", $1,080,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That there are transferred to, and vested in, the Secretary of the Interior all functions vested in, or delegated to, the Secretary of Energy and the Department of Energy under or with respect to (1) the Act of Ma y 16, 1910, and other a uthorities formerly exerc ised by the Bureau of Mines, but limited to research and development relating to increased efficiency of production technology of solid fuel minerals; (2) section 908 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, relating to research and development concerning alternative coal mining technologies (30 U.S.C. 1328); (3) sections 5(g)(2), 8(a)(4), 8(a)(9), 27(b)(2)(3) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1334(g)(2) and 1337(a)(4) and 1337(a)(9); and (4) section 105 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6213): Provided further, That the personnel employed, personnel positions, equipment, facilities, and unexpended balances of the aforementioned transferred programs shall be merged with the "Mines and minerals" account of the Bureau of M ines. 190

CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S, FISCAL YEA R 1983 Joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-276 (H.J. Res. 599); 96 STAT. 1186, 1187 (October 2, 1982). [96 STAT. 1186] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any m oney in the T reasury no t otherwise appropria ted, and ou t of applicab le corporate or other rev enues, receipts, and fun ds, for the several departm ents, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes, namely: * * * [96 STAT. 1187] Sec. 101(5)(b) Such amounts as may be necessary for continuing the following activities, not otherwise provided for, which were conducted in the fiscal year 1982, under the current term s and conditions and at a rate to m aintain current operating leve ls: *** * * * including those activities conducted pursuant to section 167 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (Public Law 94-163), as amended, for which provision was m ade in the D epartme nt of the Inter ior and Re lated Age ncies Ap propriation A ct, 1982: Provided, That no program s or facilities funded therein ma y be terminated unless such termination is specifically approved in the appropriations process, including reprogramming.

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FURTHE R CONT INUING AP PROPRIAT IONS, 1983 Joint resolution making further continuing appropriations and providing for productive employment for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 97-377 (H.J. Res. 631), 96 STA T. 1830, 1918 (Decemb er 21, 1982). [96 STAT. 1830] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and out of applicable corporate or other revenues, rec eipts, and funds, for the sever al departments, age ncies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1983, and for other purposes, namely: *** [96 STAT. 1918] Sec. 150. Within 60 days of receipt of a complete abandoned mine reclamation fund grant application from any eligible State under the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (91 Stat. 460) the Secretary of Interior shall grant to such State any and all f unds availa ble for such purposes in the applicab le appropria tions Act. ***

192

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT AN D RELATED AGENC IES, APPROPR IATIONS FOR FISCAL YEA R 1983 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1983, and for other pur poses; Pub. L. 97-394 (H.R. 7356); 96 S TAT. 1966, 1974, 1981 (De cember 30, 1982). [96 STAT. 1966] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, and for other purpose, namely: *** [96 STAT. 1974] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , $60,356,000, including the purchase of not to exceed 35 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not mor e than 10 pa ssenger m otor vehicle s for replac ement on ly, to rema in available until expended, $161,209,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 percent from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds made available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not e xceed 15 percent. [96 STAT. 1981] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

193

Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior and for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction, and for emergency reclamation projects section 41 of Public-Law 95-87, and shall transfer from any no year funds available, to the Office of Surface Mining such funds as may be necessary to permit as sumption o f regulatory authority in the event a prim acy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act, such funds to be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reim bursement to other F ederal agencies for de struction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipm ent in connection with their use for fire suppression purpose s, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That no appropriations made in this title shall be available for acquisition of automatic data processing equipment, software, or services in excess of $1,000,000 systems life cost, without prior approval of the Secretary.

194

SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T, 1983 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-63 (H.R. 3069); 97 STAT. 301, 325, 327-328 (July 30, 1983). [97 STAT. 301] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending Septemb er 30, 1983, and for o ther purposes, namely: *** [97 STAT. 325] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For an additional amount for "Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund", $51,870,000, to remain available until expended. [97 STAT. 327] OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR For an additional amount for "Office of the Solicitor", $484,000 for the diligent and imm ediate pursu ance of alte rnative enf orceme nt measu res to enfor ce previou sly issued cessation orders against coal mine operators who have not abated the conditions for which the cessation order w as issued an d to accele rate collectio n of amo unts [97 STAT. 328] assessed for violation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.

195

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1984 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1984, and for other pur poses; Pub. L. 98-146 (H.R. 3363); 97 S TAT. 919, 927-928, 933 (Nove mber 4, 1983). [97 STAT. 919] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and for other purposes, namely: *** [97 STAT. 927] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, [97 STAT. 928] $65,450,000, including the purchase of not to exceed 19 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only.

ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only, to remain available until expended, $229,228,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine R eclamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 percent from the recovery of the delinqu ent debt ow ed to the U nited States G overnm ent to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Pubic Law 95-87, administra tive expens es may n ot exceed 15 percen t.

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*** [97 STAT. 933] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any major appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior and for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction and for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes or volcanoes, and for emergency reclamation projects under section 41 of Public-Law 95-87 and shall transfer from any no year funds available, to the Office of Surface Mining such funds as may be necessary to permit as sumption o f regulatory authority in the event a prim acy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act, such funds to be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reim bursement to other F ederal agencies for de struction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipm ent in connection with their use for fire suppression purpose s, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That no appropriations made in this title shall be available for acquisition of automatic data processing equipment, software, or services in excess of $1,000,000 systems life cost, without prior approval of the Secretary. [97 STAT. 938] Sec. 115. Notwithstanding section 507(b)(14) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-87), cross-sections, maps or plans of land to be affected by an application for a surface mining and reclamation permit shall be prepared by or under the direction of a qualified registered professiona l engineer o r geologist, or qualified reg istered prof essional land surveyor in any State which au thorizes land surveyors to pre pare and certify such m aps or plans. ***

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SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T, 1984; DOMESTIC HOUSING AND INTERNATIONAL RECOVERY AND FINANCIAL STABILITY ACT An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-181 (H.R. 3959); 97 STAT. 1153, 1294-1295 (November 30, 1983). [97 STAT. 1153] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to provide supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending Septemb er 30, 1984, and for o ther purposes, namely: *** [97 STAT. 1294] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For an additional amount for "Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund", $42,000,000, to remain available until expended, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund to provide for the acquisition of private homes and businesses and nonprofit buildings occupied or utilized continuously since September 1, 1983, and the lands on which they are located, excluding all mineral interests, and the relocation of families and individuals residing in the Borough of Centralia and the Village of Byrnesville and on outlying properties who are threatened by the progressive movement of the mine fire currently burning in and around the borough of Centralia: Provided, That all acq uisitions mad e by the C ommo nwealth o f Pennsylva nia under th e authority provided herein shall be at fair market value without regard to mine fire related damages as was properly done by OSM in its prior acquisitions of Centralia properties. These ac tivities must co mply w ith the Unifo rm Relo cation As sistance and Real Pro perty Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601, et seq.), but shall not constitute a major action within the meaning of section 102(2)(c) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332): Provided further, [97 STAT. 1295] That no funds may be used to pay for the actual construction costs of permanent housing: Provided further, That the Federal discretionary share shall not exceed 75 percent of the cost of such acquisition or relocation: Provided further, That any funds 198

remaining available following completion of these acquisition and relocation activities may be made available to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to undertake other approved reclamation projects pursuant to section 405 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977: Provided further, That fund s made a vailable und er this head to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania shall be accounted against the total Federal and State share funding which is eventually allocated to the Commonwealth.

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SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS, 1984 Joint Resolution making an urgent supplemental appropriation for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, for the Department of Agriculture; Pub. L. 98-332 (H.J. Res. 492); 98 STA T. 283, 285-286 (July 2, 1984). [98 STAT. 283] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984: namely: *** [98 STAT. 285] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND Notwithstanding any other provision of law, within the amounts provided under this head in the Departm ent of the Inte rior and R elated Ag encies A ppropriation Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-146), $1,000,000 shall be made available to the State of Montana for [98 STAT. 286] reclamation grants pursuant to section 402(g)(2) of Public Law 95-87 for reclamation of the Colorado Tailings site in Montana.

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SECOND SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TION ACT , 1984 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-396 (H.R. 6040); 98 STAT. 1369, 1387 (August 22, 1984). [98 STAT. 1396] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending Septemb er 30, 1984, and for o ther purposes, namely: *** [98 STAT. 1387] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For an additional amount for "Regulation and technology", $4,775,000.

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CONTINUING APPROPRIATIONS, 1985--COMPREHENSIVE CRIME C ONTRO L ACT OF 1984 Joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 98-473 (H.J. Res. 648); 98 STAT. 1837, 1847, 1852-1853, 1875 (October 12, 1984). [98 STAT. 1837] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I That the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherw ise appropriated, and ou t of applicable corporate or o ther revenues, receipts, and funds, for the several departments, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Go vernment for the fisca l year 1985, and for othe r purposes, namely: *** [98 STAT. 1847] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , $76,625,000, including the purchase of not to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface M ining Recla mation an d Enforc ement. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, to remain available until expended, $303,001,000 to be derived from receipts of Abandoned Mine R eclamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant of Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 percent from the recovery of the delinqu ent debt ow ed to the U nited States G overnm ent to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public law 95-87, 202

administrative expenses may not exceed 15 percent: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used to increase over the fiscal year 1984 level a reclamation grant to any State which ha s no active program to review regulatory p ermits for those individuals who have outstanding fines or penalties related to past coal mining violations. *** [98 STAT. 1852] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 101. Appropriations made in this title shall be available for expenditure or transfer (within each bureau or office), with the approval of the Secretary, for the emergency reconstruction, replacement, or repair of aircraft, buildings, utilities, or other facilities or equipment damaged or destroyed by fire, flood, storm, or other unavoidable causes: Provided, That no fu nds shall be m ade availa ble under th is authority until funds specifically made available to the Department of the Interior for emergencies shall have been exhausted. Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes or volcanoes; for emergency reclamation projects under Section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act; Provided , That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment [98 STAT. 1853] in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That funds transferred pursuant to this section must be requested as promptly as possible. *** [98 STAT. 1875] *** 203

GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 324. Notwithstanding any other provision of this joint resolution or any other law, section 401(c)(1) of Public Law 95-87 is amended by striking the word "and" after the words "in situ;" and adding the following after the word "subsidence;": "and establishm ent of self-sus taining, individ ual State adm inistered pro grams to in sure private property against damages caused by land subsidence resulting from underground coal mining in tho se States w hich have r eclama tion plans app roved in ac cordance with section 503 of this Act: Provided, That funds used for this purpose shall not exceed $3,000,00 0 of the fund s made a vailable to an y State unde r Section 40 2(g)(2) of this Act;". *** Sec. 326. The land acquisition and relocation authorized for Centralia, Pennsylvania, under chapter IV of Public Law 98-181 shall not require any matching share of funding from the State of Pennsylvania under Section 407(e) of the "Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977".

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FURTHE R CONT INUING AP PROPRIAT IONS, 1985 Joint Resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1986, and for other purposes; Pub. L. 99-190 (H.J. Res. 465); 99 STAT. 1185, 1224, 1233-1234, 1241 (Decembe r 19, 1985). [99 STAT. 1185] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any m oney in the T reasury no t otherwise appropria ted, and ou t of applicab le corporate or other rev enues, receipts, and fun ds, for the several departm ents, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1986, and for other purposes, namely: * * * [99 STAT. 1224] *** Sec. 101 "(d) Such amounts as may be necessary for programs, projects or activities provided for in the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1986, at a rate of operations and to the extent and in the manner provided as follows, to be effective as if it had been enacted into law as the regular appropriations Act:". [99 STAT. 1233] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , $85,153,000, including the purchase of not to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 3302, an amount equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from perform ance bon d forfeiture s, estimated at $500,00 0 in fiscal yea r 1986, to re main available until expended: Provided, That no funds shall be used to finalize or implement any proposed rule, or take any other action which would result in the adoption by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement of a rule or regulation pursuant to section 507(a) of Public Law 95-87 which w ould require applicants to reimburse the Department of the Interior for costs incurred in the collection of application fees for permits to conduct surface coal mining and reclamation

205

operations; for permits to conduct coal exploration; for processing mining plans; or for the review of surfac e coal mining and re clamation perm its. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, to remain available until expended, $207,385,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Rec lamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be [99 STAT. 1234] used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforce ment thro ugh whic h all perm it application a re review ed and ap provals w ithheld if the applicants (or those who control the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), including failure to abate ce ssation orde rs, outstandin g civil penaltie s associated with such f ailure to aba te cessation orders or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine Land fees: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny fifty percent of an Abandoned Mine Reclamation fund grant, available to a State pursuant to title IV of Public law 95-87, when pursuant to the procedures set forth in section 521 of the Act, the Secretary determines that a State is systematically failing to adequately administer the enforcement provisions of the approved State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no action pursuant to section 521(b) of the Act as long as the State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of moneys as authorized in section 402(g)(3) shall be on a priority basis with the first priority being protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and pro perty from extrem e danger of adver se effects of coal mining p ractices, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87. [99 STAT. 1241] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

206

Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions relate to potential or actual earthquakes, floods or volcanoes; for emergency reclamation projects under section 41 of Public-Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year fu nds availab le to the Off ice of Surfa ce Minin g Reclam ation and E nforcem ent, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That app ropriations m ade in this title for fire suppre ssion purpo ses shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That funds transferred pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

207

CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S FOR FISCA L YEAR 1987 Joint Resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1987, and for other purposes; P.L. 99-500 (H.J.Res. 738); 100 STAT. 1783, 1783-243, 1783-253, 1783-254, 1783-260 (October 18, 1986). [100 STAT. 1783] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any m oney in the T reasury no t otherwise appropria ted, and ou t of applicab le corporate or other rev enues, receipts, and fun ds, for the several departm ents, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1987, and for other purposes, namely: Sec. 101. (a) Such amounts as may be necessary for programs, projects or activities provided for in the Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987, at a rate of operations and to the extent and in the manner provided as follows, to be effective as if it had been enacted into law as the regular appropria tions Act: AN ACT Making appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies programs for the fisca l year ending Septem ber 30, 1987, and for other purposes. *** [100 STAT. 1783-243] Sec. 101(h) AN ACT Making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending Sep tember 30, 1987 , and for other purpose s. TITLE I - DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR *** [100 STAT. 1783-253] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY

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For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of [100 STAT. 1783-254] Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $100,003,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1987. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, to remain available until expended, $203,720,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Rec lamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), or failure to abate cessation orders, outstanding civil penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That notwithstanding any legislative or judicial requirement, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may delay the finalization of the proposed rulemaking amending parts 773 and 778 of the Code of Federal Regulations as published in the Federal Register on April 5, 1985 (50 FR 13724) until March 31, 1987: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny fifty percent of an Abandoned Mine Reclamation fund grant, available to a State pursuant to title IV of Public Law 95-87, in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 521(b) of the Act, w hen the Se cretary de termines th at a State is systematically failing to administer adequately the enforcement provisions of the approved State regula tory progra m. Fun ds will be de nied until such time as the S tate and the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan o f action for c orrecting the enforcem ent deficien cy. A Sta te may en ter into such agre ement w ithout adm ission of culpa bility. If a State e nters into such agreem ent, the Secretary shall take no action pursuant to section 521(b) of the Act as long as the 209

State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of mone ys as author ized in section 402(g)(3) o f Public La w 95-87 shall be on a p riority basis with the first priority being protection of pubic health, safety, general welfare, and property fr om extre me dang er of adve rse effects o f coal min ing practice s, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87. *** [100 STAT. 1783-260] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions relate to potential or actual earthquakes, floods or volcanoes; for emergency reclamation projects under section 41 of Public-Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year fu nds availab le to the Off ice of Surfa ce Minin g Reclam ation and E nforcem ent, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That app ropriations m ade in this title for fire suppre ssion purpo ses shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That funds transferred pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

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CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S, FISCAL YEA R 1987 Joint Resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1987, and for other purposes; P.L. 99-591(H.J. Res 738); 100 STAT. 3341-260, 3341-253, 254, 3341-267 (October 30, 1986). [100 STAT. 3341] Resolved by the Sena te and Ho use of Re presentative s of the Un ited States of A merica in Congress assembled, that the following sums are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and out of applicable corporate or other revenues, receipts, and funds, for the several departments, agencies, corporations, and other organizational units of the Government for the fiscal year 1987, and for other purposes, namely: *** [100 STAT. 3341-253] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $400 for each uniformed employee of the Office [100 STAT. 3341-254] Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $100,003,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1987. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, to remain available until expended, $203,720,000, to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Rec lamation Fund: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That 211

none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), or failure to abate cessation orders, outstanding civil penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That notwithstanding any legislative or judicial requirement, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may delay the finalization of the proposed rulemaking amending Parts 773 and 778 of the Code of Federal Regulations as published in the Federal Register on April 5, 1985 (50 FR 13724) until March 31, 1987: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny fifty percent of an Abandoned Mine Reclamation fund grant, available to a State pursuant to title IV of Public Law 95-87, in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 521(b) of the Act, w hen the Se cretary de termines th at a State is systematically failing to administer adequately the enforcement provisions of the approved State regula tory progra m. Fun ds will be de nied until such time as the S tate and the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan o f action for c orrecting the enforcem ent deficien cy. A Sta te may en ter into such agre ement w ithout adm ission of culpa bility. If a State e nters into such agreem ent, the Secretary shall take no action pursuant to section 521(b) of the Act as long as the State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of mone ys as author ized in section 402(g)(3) o f Public La w 95-87 shall be on a p riority basis with the first priority being protection of pubic health, safety, general welfare, and property fr om extre me dang er of adve rse effects o f coal min ing practice s, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87. [100 STAT. 3341-260] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods or volcanoes; for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption or regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire 212

suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to his section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible. *** [100 STAT. 3341-267] *** Sec. 123. Section 515(b)(10)(B)(ii) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 is amended by inserting after "qualified registered engineer" the following: "or a qualified registered professional land surveyor in any State which authorizes land surveyors to prepare and certify such maps or plans". ***

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SUPPLEM ENTAL A PPROPRIA TIONS AC T, 1987 An Act making supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and for other purposes; P.L. 100-71 (H.R. 1827); 101 STAT. 391, 416 (July 11, 1987). [101 STAT. 391] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United State of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to provide supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending Septemb er 30, 1987, and for o ther purposes, namely: *** [101 STAT. 416] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND Section 405 (k) of the Su rface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (Public Law 95-87) is amended by adding at the end thereof, "except for purposes of subsection (c) of this section with respect to the Navajo, Hopi and Crow Indian Tribes". ***

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CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S, FISCAL YEA R 1988 Joint Resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988, and for other purposes; P.L. 100-202 (H.J.Res 395); 101 STAT. 1329, 1329-214, 1329-226, 1329-227, 1329-233 (December 22, 1987) [101 STAT. 1329] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That-*** [101 STAT. 1329-214] CONTIN UING APPR OPRIATION S 1988 AN ACT Making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending Sep tember 30, 1988 , and for other purpose s. TITLE I -- DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR *** [101 STAT. 1329-226] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $102,125,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1988: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, p ursuant to re gulations, m ay utilize dire ctly or throug h grants to Sta tes in fiscal year 1988, moneys collected pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section [101 STAT. 1329-227]

215

518 of the S urface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (30 U. S.C. 126 8), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior shall abide by and adhere to the terms of the Settlement Agreement in NWR v. Miller, C.A. No. 86-99 (E.D. Ky), and not take any actions incon sistent with the provisions of footnote 3 of the Agre ement w ith respect to any State or Federal program. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provision of title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, $199,380,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), or failure to abate cessation orders, outstanding civil penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe rcent of an Abando ned Min e Reclam ation fund gr ant, availab le to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of moneys as authorize d in section 40 2(g)(3) of P ublic Law 95-87 shall b e on a prior ity basis with the first priority being protection of pubic health, safety, general welfare, and property fr om extre me dang er of adve rse effects o f coal min ing practice s, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87: Provided further, That 23 full time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Re clamation Progra m at the WilkesBarre Field Office. *** 216

[100 STAT. 1329-233] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods or volcanoes; for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption or regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to his section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

217

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1989

An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1989, and for other pur poses. Pub.L. 100-446 (H.R.4867); 102 STAT. 1774, 1792, 1793, 1799, 1800 (September 27, 1988). [102 STAT. 1774] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, and for other purposes, namely: *** [102 STAT. 1792] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $ 400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $ 101,095,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1989: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, m ay utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1989 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1268), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior shall abide by and adhere to the terms of the Settlement Agreement in NWR v. Miller, C.A. No. 86-99 (E.D. Ky), and not take any actions inconsistent with the provisions of footnote 3 of the Agreement with respect to any State or Federal program. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND

218

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, $ 193,160,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), or failure to abate cessation orders, outstanding civil penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe r centum of an Ab andoned Mine R eclama tion Fund g rant, availa ble to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of moneys as authorize d in section 40 2(g)(3) of P ublic Law 95-87 shall b e on a prior ity basis with the first priority being protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and property from extreme danger of adverse effects of coal mining practices, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87: Provided further, That 23 full-time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Reclamation Program at the Wilkes-Barre Field Office: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provisions of law, appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may, hereafter, provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending OSMRE sponsored training: Provided further, That the Secretary shall conduct a thorough accounting and reconciliation of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund, under title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, for the period from fiscal year 1977 through fiscal year 1988. This accounting and reconciliation shall determine, by State, the source of all contributions to the fund and shall denote all fund disbursements by purpose and fiscal year including letter of credit grants to States. Funds authorized as grants to States shall be reconciled according to --

219

(1) the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, including the 50 percent State share; and (2) the formula for allocation of the discretionary share as expressed by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement during each relevant fiscal year under review. The findings of the Secretary shall be transmitted to the Committees on Appropriations by M ay 1, 1989. Such infor mation shall not be used to am end or revise State allocations during fiscal year 1989. [102 STAT. 1799] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 101. Appropriations made in this title shall be available for expenditure or transfer (within each bureau or office), with the approval of the Secretary, for the emergency reconstruction, replacement, or repair of aircraft, buildings, utilities, or other facilities or equipment damaged or destroyed by fire, flood, storm, or other unavoidable causes: Provided, That no fu nds shall be m ade availa ble under th is authority until funds specifically made available to the Department of the Interior for emergencies shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible. [102 STAT. 1799] Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the [102 STAT. 1800] Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods or volcanoes; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper and Mormon Cricket outbreaks on lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, pursuant to the authority in section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a Primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently 220

available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

221

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1989 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1990, and for other pur poses. Pub. L. 101-121 (H.R. 2788); 103 S TAT. 701, 712, 713, 719 (Octob er 23, 1989). [103 STAT. 701] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes, namely: [103 STAT. 712] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 14 passenger motor vehicles, of which 9 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $ 400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $ 101,228,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1990: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, m ay utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1990 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1268), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior shall abide by and adhere to the terms of the Settlement Agreement in NWR v. Miller, C.A. No. 86-99 (E.D. Ky), and not take any actions inconsistent with the provisions of footnote 3 of the Agreement with respect to any State or Federal program: Provided further, That the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent sponsored training. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase 222

of not more than 21 passenger motor vehicles, of which 15 shall be for replacement only, $ 192,772,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C . 1260(c)), or failure to a bate cessa tion orders, o utstanding civ il [103 STAT. 713] penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe r centum of an Ab andoned Mine R eclama tion Fund g rant, availa ble to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of moneys as authorize d in section 40 2(g)(3) of P ublic Law 95-87 shall b e on a prior ity basis with the first priority being protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and property from extreme danger of adverse effects of coal mining practices, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87: Provided further, That 23 full-time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Reclamation Program at the Wilkes-Barre Field Office. [103 STAT. 719] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 101. Appropriations made in this title shall be available for expenditure or transfer (within each bureau or office), with the approval of the Secretary, for the emergency reconstruction, replacement, or repair of aircraft, buildings, utilities, or other facilities or equipment damaged or destroyed by fire, flood, storm, or other unavoidable causes: Provided, That no fu nds shall be m ade availa ble under th is 223

authority until funds specifically made available to the Department of the Interior for emergencies shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible. Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods, or volcanoes; for contingency planning subsequent to actual oilspills, response and natural resource damage assessment activities related to actual oilspills; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper and Mormon Cricket outbreaks on lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, pursuant to the authority in section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That app ropriations m ade in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible.

224

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1990 An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1991, and for other pur poses. Pub L. 101-512 (H.R. 5769); 104 STAT. 1915, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1934 and 1935 (November 5, 1990). [104 STAT. 1915] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1991, and for other purposes, namely: [104 STAT. 1927] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Rec lamation A ct of 1977, P ublic Law 95-87, inclu ding the pur chase of no t to exceed 15 passenger motor vehicles, of which 11 shall be for replacement only; and uniform allowances of not to exceed $ 400 for each uniformed employee of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement; $ 109,927,000, and notwithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expend ed, equal to receipts to the General Fund of the Treasury from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1991: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, m ay utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1991 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1268), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior shall abide by and adhere to the terms of the Settlement Agreement in NWR v. Miller, C.A. No. 86-99 (E.D. Ky), and not take any actions inconsistent with the provisions of footnote 3 of the Agreement with respect to any State or Federal program: Provided further, That the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent sponsored training. Provided further, That notwithstanding the requirements of section 705 of Public Law 95-87 (30 U.S.C. 1295) appropriations herein shall be available to fund the full costs to the States to implement the Applicant Violator System in compliance with the January 24, 1990

225

Settlement Agreement between Save Our Cumberland Mountains, Inc. et al. and Manuel Lujan, Jr., Secretary United States Department of the Interior, et al. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Con trol and Reclam ation Act of 1977, Pu blic Law 95-87 , including the purchase of not more than 22 passenger motor vehicles, of which 16 shall be for replacement only, $ 200,006,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That pursuant to Public Law 97-365, the Department of the Interior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the [104 STAT. 1928] recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds ma de available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That none of these funds shall be used for a reclamation grant to any State if the State has not agreed to participate in a nationwide data system established by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcem ent through which all permit applications are reviewed and approvals withheld if the ap plicants (or those who co ntrol the applicants) applying for or receiving such permits have outstanding State or Federal air or water quality violations in accordance with section 510(c) of the Act of August 3, 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1260(c)), or failure to abate cessation orders, outstanding civil penalties associated with such failure to abate cessation orders, or uncontested past due Abandoned Mine L and fees: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe r centum of an Ab andoned Mine R eclama tion Fund g rant, availa ble to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complying with the terms of the agreement: Provided further, That expenditure of moneys as authorize d in section 40 2(g)(4) of P ublic Law 95-87 shall b e on a prior ity basis with the first priority being protection of public health, safety, general welfare, and property from extreme danger of adverse effects of coal mining practices, as stated in section 403 of Public Law 95-87: Provided further, That 23 full-time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Reclamation Program at the Wilkes-Barre Field Office: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds appropriated pursuant to Public Law 98-181 and derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund shall be made available to and expended by the 226

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to provide for the acquisition of the ten properties along Route 61 near the Borough of Centralia, previously identified by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement as needing acquisition but ineligible for funding pursuant to Public Law 98-181, and for the relocation of families and individuals residing in such properties who are threatened by the progressive movement of the mine fire currently burning in and around the Borough of Centralia: Provided further, That all acquisitions made by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under the authority provided herein shall be at fair market value without regard to the mine fire-related damages and such homeowners shall be treated in a manner that avoids any disparity with the treatment authorized and implemented pursuant to Public Law 98-181: Provided further, That land acquisition and relocation authorized herein shall not require any matching funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under section 407(e) [104 STAT. 1929] of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87.

GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR [104 STAT. 1934] Sec. 101. Appropriations made in this title shall be available for expenditure or transfer (within each bureau or office), with the approval of the Secretary, for the emergency reconstruction, replacement, or repair of aircraft, buildings, utilities, or other facilities or equipment damaged or destroyed by fire, flood, storm, or other unavoidable causes: Provided, That no fu nds shall be m ade availa ble under th is authority un til funds specif ically mad e available [104 STAT. 1935] to the Department of the Interior for emergencies shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible. Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, storms, or other unavoidable causes; fo r contingency planning sub sequent to actual oilspills; response and natural resource damage assessment activities related to actual oilspills; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper and Mormon Cricket o utbreaks on lands unde r the jurisdiction of the Secr etary, to the a uthority in 227

section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as m ay be nec essary to pe rmit assum ption of regu latory autho rity in the even t a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, such reimbursement to be credited to appropriations currently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided further, That such replenishment funds shall be used to reimburse, on a pro rata basis, accounts from which emergency funds were transferred.

228

ABAND ONED M INE RECL AMAT ION ACT O F 1990 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1991 An Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to section 4 of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1991. Pub. L. 101-508 (H.R. 5835); 104 STAT. 1388, 1388-289 through 1388-299 (November 5, 1990). Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, [104 STAT. 1388] SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the "Omnibus Budget Rec onciliation Act of 1990".

229

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1991

An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1992, and for other pur poses. Pub. L. 102-154 (H.R. 2686); 105 STAT. 990, 1002, 1003, 1010 and 1011 (November 13, 1991). [105 STAT. 990] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1992, and for other purposes, namely: [105 STAT. 1002] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not to exceed 15 passenger motor vehicles, of which 11 shall be for replacement only; $ 111,100,0 00 and notw ithstanding 31 U.S.C . 3302, an a dditional am ount, to rem ain available until expended, from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1992: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, may utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1992 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the S urface M ining Con trol and Re clamation Act of 19 77 (30 U. S.C. 126 8), to reclaim la nds adver sely affecte d by coal m ining practic es after A ugust 3, 197 7, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provisions of law, appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement sponsored training: Provided further, That notwithstanding the requirements of section 705 of Public Law 95-87 (30 U.S.C. 1295) appropriations herein shall be available to fund the full costs to the S tates to imple ment the A pplicant V iolator System in complia nce with the January 24, 1990 Settlement Agre ement betw een Save O ur Cumbe rland Mountains, Inc. and Manuel Lujan, Jr., Secretary, United States Department of the Interior, et al. [105 STAT. 1003]

230

ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not more than 22 passenger motor vehicles, of which 16 shall be for replacement only, $ 190,200,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds herein provided up to $ 22,000,000 may be used for the emergency program authorized by section 410 of Public Law 95-87, as amended, of which no more than 20 per centum shall be used for emergency reclamation projects in any one State and funds for Federally-administered emergency reclamation projects under this proviso shall not exceed $ 15,000,000: Provided further, That 23 full-time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Reclamation Program at the Wilkes-Barre Field Office: Provided further, That purs uant to Public Law 97 -365, the D epartme nt of the Inter ior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds made available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe r centum of an Ab andoned Mine R eclama tion Fund g rant, availa ble to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complyin g with the te rms of the agreem ent. [105 STAT. 1010] GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, storms, or other unavoidable causes; for contingency planning subsequent to actual oilspills; [105 STAT. 1011] response and natural resource damage assessment activities related to actual oilspills; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper and Mormon 231

cricket outbreaks on lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, pursuant to the authority in section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That for emergency rehabilitation and wildfire suppression activities, no funds shall be made available under this authority until funds appropriated to the "Emergency Department of the Interior Firefighting Fund" shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section are hereby designated by Congress to be "emergency requirements" pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided further, That such replenishment funds shall be used to reimburse, on a pro rata basis, accounts from which emergency funds were transferred.

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1992

An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1993, and for other pur poses. Pub. L. 102-381 (H.R. 5503); 106 S TAT. 1374, 1386 and 13 87 (October 5, 1992). [106 STAT. 1374] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993, and for other purposes, namely: [106 STAT. 1386] OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not to excee d 15 passen ger moto r vehicles, o f which 1 1 shall be for replacem ent [106 STAT. 1387] only; $ 112, 674,000, a nd notwith standing 31 U .S.C. 33 02, an add itional amo unt shall be credited to this account, to remain available until expended, from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1993: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, may utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1993 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1268), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provisions of law, appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement sponsored training. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND

233

For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not more than 22 passenger motor vehicles, of which 16 shall be for replacement only, $ 189,541,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds herein provided up to $ 22,000,000 may be used for the emergency program authorized by section 410 of Public Law 95-87, as amended, of which no more than 25 per centum shall be used for emergency reclamation projects in any one State and funds for federally-administered emergency reclamation projects under this proviso shall not exceed $ 15,000,000: Provided further, That 23 full-time equivalent positions are to be maintained in the Anthracite Reclamation Program at the Wilkes-Barre Field Office: Provided further, That purs uant to Public Law 97 -365, the D epartme nt of the Inter ior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Government to pay for contracts to collect these debts: Provided further, That of the funds made available to the States to contract for reclamation projects authorized in section 406(a) of Public Law 95-87, administrative expenses may not exceed 15 per centum: Provided further, That the Secretary of the Interior may deny 50 pe r centum of an Ab andoned Mine R eclama tion Fund g rant, availa ble to a State pursuant to title I V of Pub lic Law 9 5-87, in acc ordance w ith the proce dures set for th in section 521 (b) of the A ct, when the Secreta ry determ ines that a Sta te is systema tically failing to adm inister adequ ately the enf orceme nt provisions o f the approv ed State regulatory program. Funds will be denied until such time as the State and Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement have agreed upon an explicit plan of action for correcting the enforcement deficiency. A State may enter into such agreement without admission of culpability. If a State enters into such agreement, the Secretary shall take no a ction pursua nt to section 52 1(b) of the A ct as long as th e State is complying with the terms of the agreement. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION None of the funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement shall be expended to create or maintain more than one Deputy Director position. GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, storms, or other unavoidable causes; fo r contingency planning sub sequent to actual oilspills; response and natural resource damage assessment activities related to actual oilspills; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper and Mormon 234

cricket outbreaks on lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, pursuant to the authority in section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That for emergency rehabilitation and wildfire suppression activities, no funds shall be made available under this authority until funds appropriated to the "Emergency Department of the Interior Firefighting Fund" shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section are hereby designated by Congress to be "emergency requirements" pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided further, That such replenishment funds shall be used to reimburse, on a pro rata basis, accounts from which emergency funds were transferred.

235

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENC IES APPROPR IATIONS AC T, 1993

An Act making appropriations for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fisca l year ending S eptemb er 30, 1994, and for other pur poses. Pub. L. 103-138 (H.R. 2520); 106 S TAT. 1379 (Nov ember 11, 1993). [106 STAT. 1379] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Department of the Interior and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, and for other purposes, namely: OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATION AND TECHNOLOGY For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not to exceed 15 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only; $110,552,000 , and notwithstan ding 31 U .S.C. 33 02, an add itional amo unt shall be cr edited to this ac count, to remain available until expended, from performance bond forfeitures in fiscal year 1994 : Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to regulations, m ay utilize directly or through grants to States, moneys collected in fiscal year 1994 pursuant to the assessment of civil penalties under section 518 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (30 U.S.C. 1268), to reclaim lands adversely affected by coal mining practices after August 3, 1977, to remain available until expended: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provisions of law, appropriations for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement may provide for the travel and per diem expenses of State and tribal personnel attending Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement sponsored training. ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, as amended, including the purchase of not more than 22 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only, $190,107,000 to be derived from receipts of the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund and to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds herein provided up to $20,000,000 may be used for the emergency program authorized by section 410 of Public Law 95-87, as amended, of which no more than 25 per centum shall be used for 236

emergency reclamation projects in any one State and funds for Federally-administered emergency reclamation projects under this proviso shall not exceed $12,000,000: Provided further, That purs uant to Public Law 97 -365, the D epartme nt of the Inter ior is authorized to utilize up to 20 per centum from the recovery of the delinquent debt owed to the United States Go vernment to pay fo r contracts to collect these debts. GENERAL PROVISIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Sec. 101. Appropriations made in this title shall be available for expenditure or transfer (within each bureau or office), with the approval of the Secretary, for the emergency reconstruction, replacement, or repair of aircraft, buildings, utilities, or other facilities or equipment damaged or destroyed by fire, flood, storm, or other unavoidable causes: Provided, That no fu nds shall be m ade availa ble under th is authority until funds specifically made available to the Department of the Interior for emergencies shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section are hereby designa ted by Congress to be "emergency requirements" pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible. Sec. 102. The Secretary may authorize the expenditure or transfer of any no year appropriation in this title, in addition to the amounts included in the budget programs of the several agencies, for the suppression or emergency prevention of forest or range fires on or threatening lands under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior; for the emergency rehabilitation of burned-over lands under its jurisdiction; for emergency actions related to potential or actual earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, storms, or other unavoidable causes; fo r contingency planning sub sequent to actual oilspills; response and natural resource damage assessment activities related to actual oilspills; for the prevention, suppression, and control of actual or potential grasshopper [107 STAT. 1379] and Mormon cricket outbreaks on lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, pursuant to the authority in section 1773(b) of Public Law 99-198 (99 Stat. 1658); for emergency reclamation projects under section 410 of Public Law 95-87; and shall transfer, from any no year funds available to the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, such funds as may be necessary to permit assumption of regulatory authority in the event a primacy State is not carrying out the regulatory provisions of the Surface Mining Act: Provided, That appropriations made in this title for fire suppression purposes shall be available for the payment of obligations incurred during the preceding fiscal year, and for reimbursement to other Federal agencies for destruction of vehicles, aircraft, or other equipment in connection with their use for fire suppression purposes, s uch reim bursem ent to be cre dited to appr opriations cu rrently available at the time of receipt thereof: Provided further, That for emergency rehabilitation and wildfire suppression activities, no funds shall be made available under this authority until funds appropriated to the "Emergency Department of the Interior 237

Firefighting Fund" shall have been exhausted: Provided further, That all funds used pursuant to this section are hereby designated by Congress to be "emergency requirements" pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 and must be replenished by a supplemental appropriation which must be requested as promptly as possible: Provided further, That such replenishment funds shall be used to reimburse, on a pro rata basis, accounts from which emergency funds were transferred.

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